World War One: The Emperors Battle March-July 1918

Operation MICHEAL: was the last grasp of the German army in the west in an effort to produce a peace before the American armies arrived in force and began to be active in the war. This operation set the stage for the final allied offensives in June–August to reduce the ST. Mihiel Salient; and the September offensive continuing till the armistice in November.

On 16 March the 47 attack division of the MICHAEL offensive began marching the last stages to their launch positions. Elated by the vast scale of the preparations, the troops sang their way along in eagerness and optimism. In truth the last of the Germany’s strength had gone into contracting a muscle that could strike one great blow and no more. Even the Michael divisions lacked horses and shortages of petrol, oil and rubber crippled motor transport. Manpower reserves were down to 18 year’s old and younger. Nor could the German home front survive more tribulations, as demonstrated by a mass strike in January in Berlin and other cities, demanding peace….

On 18 March, three days before the launch date of the Michael offensive, Allied intelligence calculated that the German army in the west was 37 divisions stronger than in November 1917. Yet to counter-balance this vast increase in strength there was at present only a single American division in the line, plus three in training; and this more than a year after the United States had entered the war. …It would be therefore be the battle stained, under-strength British and French who would bear the brunt of the coming supreme crisis of the war.

By 19 March Hindenburg, Lundendorff and the Kaiser had all arrived at the advanced headquarters in Aversnes, ready for the launching on 21 March of what had now been flatteringly dubbed the Kaiserschlacht; The Emperors battle.

The British on the Third and Fifth Army fronts knew the offensive was imminent from cumulative intelligence reports. The evening of 20 March was quite. By 9 P.M. a mist had begun to thicken into fog, damping sound, isolating each post. Apprehension prickled along the silent line. In the small hours the fog thickened further.

At the stroke of 4:40 A.M. (German time) on 21 March 1918 6,000 German guns crashed out together. For five stunning hours the subtly orchestrated bombardment beat on the whole depth of the British defense system: high explosive against buried telephone lines and guns, headquarters and telephone exchanges; phosgene and mustard gas against troops. The bombardment reduced the Fifth Army, and to some extent the Third, to isolated and uncoordinated elements of gassed and blasted troops. The sun rose at 6 A.M. but the fog still lay thick along low ground, blinding the defense. At 9 A.M. the German guns switched to a creeping barrage, and the storm groups swiftly followed. This was the moment when the spell of paralysis which had laid on the Western Front in 1914 began to be lifted.

On the front of attack, from the Cambria to the south of Saint-Quentin, the three Michael armies enjoyed an overwhelming superiority of men and fire power- especially on the over-extended Fifth Army front. The forward zone of defense was swamped in an hour or so. By Midday the Fifth Army had lost a third of its strength; by mi-afternoon the German storm groups were driving deep into the British battle-zone. By night fall, on the Fifth Army front south of the Somme, the Attackers had penetrated beyond the British gun line into open country; a true breakthrough at last.

A disaster in itself for the British, 21 March presaged even greater dangers as the Fifth Army and a part of the Third began to fall back in confusion with the German attack divisions at their heels. The long-fixed organizations of a static front began to pack up in haste and take to crowded roads- army, corps headquarters, and heavy artillery. Already Haig was switching reserves from Flanders to his disintegrating right flank; Pétain dispatched 7 French divisions instead of the 3 requested that day by the British Commander-in-Chief. By 23 March the Fifth Army’s defense had foundered into headlong retreat; the bridgehead of Péronne was lost; a gap opened between the Fifth and Third Armies. Only the remnants of the Fifth Army stretched along 40 miles of front stood between the Germans and the key rail centre of Amiens. If the Germans could take Amiens and the British and French armies would be driven a part, so leading to total catastrophe. Haig therefore appealed to Pétain to concentrate 20 French divisions in the Amiens area. Pétain, fearing a second German blow against his own front in Champagne, refused, but did offer to take over the Fifth Army front as north as Péronne. The ‘March Retreat’ was now in full swing.

On 23 March, therefore Ludendorff was presented with the opportunity of transforming his brilliant initial success into the decisive victory he craved. He muffed it by giving his three Michael armies divergent axes of advance instead of concentrating everything on reaching Amiens. Thus dispersed, the German effort was to weaken day by day. In any case boots and hooves and scarce iron-tyred lorries cloud not maintain the momentum of the offensive as the German tanks and motor transport were to do in 1940.

Yet to the Allied Command the danger still seemed to be growing. On 24 March Haig learned to his horror that Pétain, in his concern for covering Paris, was prepared to allow the French army to become separated from the British. Two days later, at Haig’s urgent instigation, a conference of Allied statesmen and soldiers under President Poincaré was held in the little town of Doullens. This conference resulted in the appointment of Foch as Allied Supreme Commander on the Western Front. Never the less, whatever the moral effect of appointing the fiery-spirited Foch above the defeatist Pétain, it made little difference to the actual course of the battle. The crisis had already begun to pass. While allied reserves flowed to the defense of Amiens the German effort steadily faded and the German advance slowed and slowed. For the attacking troops were sagging with fatigue and exhaustion, harassed by massed allied air attacks, and distracted by plunder of British stores and canteens.

On 28 March Ludendorff launched a fresh attack against the Arras sector, only to see it repulsed with heavy losses. Too late he now gave the Michael forces the single objective of Amiens. By the beginning of April his troops had marched and fought to a standstill, while the allies had consolidated in new front covering the town. On 4-5 April the Germans had advanced 28 miles and taken 70,000 prisoners; a brilliant battlefield performance that nevertheless had ended in a gigantic strategic failure.

Now Ludendorff had to try again elsewhere, even though Michael had consumed 250,000 men out of his precious manpower reserves. On 9 April he struck in Flanders across the Lys-the original Operation George, now emasculated into Georgette. A Portuguese division gave way and the German thrust on towards Hazebrouck. By the 11th they were within 5 miles of this key rail centre, and Haig issued an Order of the Day: ‘There must be no retirement. With our backs to the wall and believing in the justice of our cause each one must fight on to the end.’ They fought on; a resolute, well conducted defesne that by 18 April wore the Germans to a standstill.

The failure to smash the British forced Ludendorff to rethink his entire strategy. Since 21 March he had lost nearly 350,000 men and inflicted similar losses. During that period nearly 180,000 more American troops had arrived in France; 3 U.S. Divisions (equal in strength to 6 European divisions) were already in the allied line. Although Germany’s margin of strength and timing was fast running out, Ludendorff decided to take further gambles; attacks on the French front to draw the French reserves that had gone to Haig’s support; and then a final victorious offensive against the weakened British in Flanders.

On 27 May he struck on the Chemins des Dames with 30 attack divisions (only 15 of them fresh), engulfing a defense foolishly deployed too far forward. The German spearheads swept over the Aisne and on to the south. By the 30th they were on the Marne, only 37 miles from Paris. In the Second battle of the Marne the German advance faltered and died against new French defense strong in artillery. There was an ominous novelty in the fresh setback: on July the 2nd United States Division recaptured Belleau Wood, near Château-Thierry, its buoyant dash making up for want of skill and experience. Already on 28 May the 1st U.S. Division had seen action on the Somme, capturing the village Cantigny.

On 9 June Ludendorff attacked again between Noyons and Montdidier, but with only local success. While German reserves were melting away, Ludendorff estimated that 15 U.S. Divisions reached France between April and the end of June. Still he clung to the hope of smashing the British before the balance of strength swung fatally against him. On 15 July he launched a final preliminary onslaught against the French, this time on either side of Reims. To the west of the city the Germans established a bridgehead across the Marne; but to the east their attack broke down completely in the face of French in the face of a French defense in depth.

Nonetheless Ludendorff believed that the time was now ripe to prepare the final blow against the British in Flanders, code named HAGEN. On 18 July, the stunning news that the French had launched a massive surprise counterstroke against the west flank of the German salient on the Marne. HAGEN Was dead; the whole supreme German effort for 1918 had failed.

THE COMMENTARY GAZETTE®

SOURCE: The Great War
BY: Correlli Barnett
CONTRIBUTOR: Cade Pommeraan

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Presidential Commutations of Sentences: Obama 27 October 2016

98 Clemency Grants

David Alan Aldridge
Offense:
Conspiracy to manufacture 50 grams or more of actual methamphetamine and possession of pseudoephedrine with intent to manufacture methamphetamine; possession with intent to distribute a quantity of methamphetamine; possession of equipment, chemicals, products and materials to manufacture methamphetamine; possession of a detectable amount of methamphetamine; purchasing more than nine (9) grams of ephedrine or pseudoephedrine during a 30 day period (six counts)
District/Date:
Western District of Texas; August 13, 2009
Sentence:
Life imprisonment; 10 years’ supervised release; $35,000 fine
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to a term of 151 months’ imprisonment, and unpaid balance of the $35,000 fine remitted, conditioned upon enrollment in residential drug treatment.

Marvin D. Anthony, Sr.
Offense:
Conspiracy to distribute 50 grams or more of cocaine base; distribution of cocaine base
District/Date:
Western District of Missouri; November 19, 2007
Sentence:
Life imprisonment; six years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to a term of 262 months’ imprisonment.

Darnell C. Billings
Offense:
Distribution of 50 or more grams of cocaine base
District/Date:
Central District of Illinois; May 25, 2007
Sentence:
Life imprisonment
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to a term of 188 months’ imprisonment.

Kevin Bivins
Offense:
Conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute and distribution of five kilograms or more of cocaine; conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute and distribution of 50 grams or more of cocaine base; possession with intent to distribute and distribution of cocaine base; use of a communication facility to commit a drug trafficking offense (eight counts)
District/Date:
Western District of New York; July 18, 2003
Sentence:
168 months’ imprisonment; 10 years’ supervised release (January 11, 2002); amended to 240 months’ imprisonment (on remand)
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on October 27, 2018, conditioned upon enrollment in residential drug treatment.

Edward Lionel Blake
Offense:
Conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute cocaine base; possession with intent to distribute cocaine base, aiding and abetting
District/Date:
Southern District of Texas; November 24, 1998
Sentence:
360 months’ imprisonment; five years’ supervised release; $1,000 fine
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on February 24, 2017.

Wallace Bourgeois, Jr.
Offense:
1. Conspiracy to distribute and to possess with the intent to distribute 50 grams or more of cocaine base (“crack”)

2. Wire fraud

District/Date:

2. Eastern District of Louisiana; April 28, 2010
Sentence:
1. 240 months’ imprisonment; 10 years’ supervised release

2. 12 months’ imprisonment (concurrent); three years’ supervised release (concurrent)
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on October 27, 2018, conditioned upon enrollment in residential drug treatment.

Damon Brightman
Offense:
Conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute and distribution of five kilograms or more of cocaine and 50 grams or more of cocaine base
District/Date:
District of South Carolina; March 22, 2006
Sentence:
Life imprisonment; 10 years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to a term of 210 months’ imprisonment.

Shane Derek Brown
Offense:
Possession with intent to distribute 50 grams or more of crack cocaine
District/Date:
Southern District of Florida; January 28, 2002
Sentence:
262 months’ imprisonment; five years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on February 24, 2017.

James Holman Browning, Jr.
Offense:
Conspiracy: Distributed cocaine base (“crack”); distributed crack (two counts)
District/Date:
Middle District of North Carolina; December 19, 2003
Sentence:
Life imprisonment; 10 years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on October 27, 2018, conditioned upon enrollment in residential drug treatment.

Mark Lamont Byrd
Offense:
Possession with intent to distribute in excess of five grams of cocaine base; possession of a firearm during and in relation to a drug trafficking crime; possession with intent to distribute in excess of 50 grams of cocaine base
District/Date:
Eastern District of Missouri; May 19, 2006
Sentence:
180 months’ imprisonment; five years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on February 24, 2017.

David Carroll
Offense:
Distribution of crack cocaine (seven counts); distribution of cocaine (two counts); possess with intent to distribute crack cocaine
District/Date:
Eastern District of Virginia; June 9, 1995
Sentence:
Life imprisonment; 10 years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on February 24, 2017.

Derrick Dante Clark
Offense:
Conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute and distribution of cocaine base; possession with intent to distribute and distribution of cocaine base
District/Date:
Middle District of Florida; June 25, 2007
Sentence:
240 months’ imprisonment; 10 years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on February 24, 2017.

Kevin Wayne Daniels
Offense:
Possession with intent to distribute 50 grams or more of methamphetamine; felon in possession of a firearm
District/Date:
Western District of Texas; January 23, 2009
Sentence:
240 months’ imprisonment; 10 years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to 175 months’ imprisonment, conditioned upon enrollment in residential drug treatment.

Israel John Patrick Davis
Offense:
Conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute and distribute a controlled substance
District/Date:
District of North Dakota; January 25, 2016
Sentence:
204 months’ imprisonment; five years’ supervised release (January 22, 2009); amended to 163 months’ imprisonment
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on October 27, 2017.

Anthony D. Dorsey
Offense:
Possession with intent to distribute a mixture or substance containing cocaine base in an amount of 50 grams or more
District/Date:
Western District of Missouri; August 23, 2007
Sentence:
240 months’ imprisonment; 10 years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on October 27, 2018, conditioned upon enrollment in residential drug treatment.

Juan Antonio Duenas
Offense:
Possess with intent to distribute, more than 50 grams of methamphetamine
District/Date:
Southern District of Texas; September 24, 2003
Sentence:
240 months’ imprisonment; 10 years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to October 27, 2018, conditioned upon enrollment in residential drug treatment.

Charlton Oriaso Esekhigbe
Offense:
Possession with intent to distribute 50 grams or more of cocaine base; felon in possession of a firearm
District/Date:
Southern District of Texas; February 17, 2006
Sentence:
240 months’ imprisonment; 10 years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on October 27, 2018, conditioned upon enrollment in residential drug treatment.

John Aundo Gamble
Offense:
Possession with intent to distribute five grams or more of cocaine base and a quantity of cocaine; felon in possession of a firearm and ammunition; using, carrying and possessing a firearm during and in furtherance of a drug trafficking crime
District/Date:
District of South Carolina; August 31, 2004
Sentence:
240 months’ imprisonment; five years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on October 27, 2018, conditioned upon enrollment in residential drug treatment.

Miguel Garcia
Offense:
Conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute and distribute controlled substances; possession with intent to distribute a controlled substance
District/Date:
District of North Dakota; September 28, 2006
Sentence:
Life imprisonment; 10 years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to a term of 360 months’ imprisonment.

Ignatizo Giuliano
Offense:
Knowingly conspiring with other persons to distribute and to possess with intent to distribute five kilograms or more of cocaine
District/Date:
Middle District of Florida; November 4, 1991
Sentence:
Life imprisonment; 10 years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on February 24, 2017.

Stephen Runea Glenn
Offense:
Possession with intent to distribute 50 grams or more of cocaine base, aiding and abetting; possession of a firearm in furtherance of a drug trafficking crime
District/Date:
Southern District of Texas; May 14, 2009
Sentence:
180 months’ imprisonment; five years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on February 24, 2017.

Arandal Derrick Goodley
Offense:
Conspiracy to distribute cocaine base “crack”; possession with intent to distribute a quantity of cocaine base “crack”; laundering of monetary instruments (15 counts); aiding and abetting laundering of monetary instruments (four counts)
District/Date:
Western District of Texas; October 22, 1998
Sentence:
Life imprisonment; 10 years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on October 27, 2018, conditioned upon enrollment in residential drug treatment.

Stephen Joseph Graham
Offense:
Conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute methamphetamine; possession with intent to distribute methamphetamine
District/Date:
Northern District of Georgia; September 17, 2002
Sentence:
Life imprisonment; 10 years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to a term of 360 months’ imprisonment.

Wayne Gross
Offense:
Unlawful user of controlled substances while in possession of firearms; possession with the intent to distribute cocaine base (crack); carrying a firearm during and in relation to a drug trafficking crime
District/Date:
Eastern District of Missouri; April 2, 2004
Sentence:
248 months’ imprisonment; four years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on October 27, 2018, conditioned upon enrollment in residential drug treatment.

Robert Sedillo Gutierrez
Offense:
1. Possession with intent to distribute 500 grams and more of a mixture

District/Date:

2. District of New Mexico; August 7, 2006
Sentence:
1. 360 months’ imprisonment; 10 years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to a term of 210 months’ imprisonment.

Ishon D. Hardin
Offense:
Conspiracy to distribute and possession with intent to distribute five kilograms or more of a substance containing cocaine hydrochloride and cocaine base; possession with intent to distribute cocaine
District/Date:
Eastern District of Tennessee; August 16, 2010
Sentence:
292 months’ imprisonment; 10 years’ supervised release (September 24, 2001); amended to 240 months’ imprisonment
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on February 24, 2017.

Robert A. Hearn
Offense:
Possession with intent to distribute five or more grams of a mixture or substance containing cocaine base (crack)
District/Date:
Central District of Illinois; March 16, 2007
Sentence:
360 months’ imprisonment; eight years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to a term of 240 months’ imprisonment, conditioned upon enrollment in residential drug treatment.

Jamar Henry
Offense:
Possession of five or more grams of cocaine base “crack” with the intent to distribute
District/Date:
Central District of Illinois; September 2, 2003
Sentence:
262 months’ imprisonment; eight years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on October 27, 2018, conditioned upon enrollment in residential drug treatment.

Ferlandis Urben Herod
Offense:
1. Conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute five kilograms or more of cocaine; possession with intent to distribute five kilograms or more of cocaine

2. Supervised release violation (conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute cocaine)
District/Date:
1. Middle District of Tennessee

2. Western District of Tennessee; July 14, 2005
Sentence:
1. Life imprisonment; December 19, 2005

2. 24 months’ imprisonment (consecutive); 10 years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to a term of 264 months’ imprisonment.

Olynthia Louise Hinton
Offense:
Possession with intent to distribute a quantity of cocaine and 50 grams or more of cocaine base
District/Date:
District of South Carolina; February 15, 2006
Sentence:
240 months’ imprisonment; 10 years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on February 24, 2017.

James Holmes
Offense:
Conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute 50 grams or more of a mixture and substance containing a detectable amount of cocaine base; maintaining a place for the purpose of manufacturing and distributing a mixture and substance containing a detectable amount of cocaine base
District/Date:
Northern District of Alabama; February 16, 2005
Sentence:
240 months’ imprisonment; 10 years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on October 27, 2018, conditioned upon enrollment in residential drug treatment.

Antonio Hood
Offense:
Conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute and distribution of five kilograms or more of cocaine and 50 grams or more of cocaine base
District/Date:
District of South Carolina; February 2, 2005
Sentence:
Life imprisonment; 10 years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to a term of 240 months’ imprisonment.

William D. Hoopingarner
Offense:
Conspiracy to distribute in excess of 500 grams of methamphetamine (mixture); Southern District of Indiana
Sentence:
168 months’ imprisonment; five years’ supervised release (April 25, 2008); amended to 135 months’ imprisonment (January 12, 2016)
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on February 24, 2017.

Donnie Keith Howell
Offense:
Conspiracy to possess and distribute cocaine base; distribution of cocaine base
District/Date:
Eastern District of North Carolina; March 13, 1995
Sentence:
Life imprisonment; five years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on February 24, 2017.

Andre M. Huggins
Offense:
Distribution of cocaine (two counts); conspiracy to distribute more than five kilograms of cocaine; maintaining a dwelling to distribute cocaine; money laundering (two counts)
District/Date:
District of Delaware; August 21, 2006
Sentence:
240 months’ imprisonment; 10 years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on February 24, 2017.

Tony Orlando Hughes
Offense:
Conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute and distribute cocaine and cocaine base; distribute cocaine base (22 counts); distribute cocaine (two counts); possession of firearm during and in relation to a drug trafficking crime (eight counts); possess with intent to distribute cocaine (three counts)
District/Date:
Eastern District of Virginia; November 29, 2004
Sentence:
2,616 months’ imprisonment; 10 years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to a term of 360 months’ imprisonment.

Virgilio Jimenez
Offense:
Possession with intent to distribute five grams or more of cocaine base
District/Date:
District of Rhode Island; March 23, 2006
Sentence:
292 months’ imprisonment; eight years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on February 24, 2017.

Alphonso Johnson
Offense:
Conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute cocaine base; possession with intent to distribute cocaine base
District/Date:
Middle District of Florida; July 2, 1999
Sentence:
360 months’ imprisonment; five years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on February 24, 2017.

Gerald Jerome Johnson
Offense:
Possession with intent to distribute a controlled substance; possession of a firearm in furtherance of a drug trafficking crime; possession of a firearm by a convicted felon
District/Date:
District of North Dakota; October 10, 2006
Sentence:
Life plus 25 years’ imprisonment
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to a term of 300 months’ imprisonment.

Tony O’Neal Johnson
Offense:
Possession with intent to distribute at least five grams of cocaine base (three counts)
District/Date:
Western District of Texas; May 16, 2007
Sentence:
292 months’ imprisonment; eight years’ supervised release, $3,000 fine (June 22, 2005); amended to 210 months’ imprisonment
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on October 27, 2018, and unpaid balance of $3,000 fine remitted, conditioned upon enrollment in residential drug treatment.

Charles Jermaine Keitt
Offense:
Possession with intent to distribute 5 grams or more of cocaine base and a quantity of cocaine, and a quantity of marijuana
District/Date:
District of South Carolina; September 23, 2008
Sentence:
262 months’ imprisonment; eight years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to a term of 151 months’ imprisonment.

Jaleel Abdul Lafi, III
Offense:
Distribution of five or more grams of cocaine base (“crack”) (three counts); distribution of 50 or more grams of cocaine base (“crack”); possession of a firearm in relation to drug trafficking crime
District/Date:
Central District of Illinois; February 17, 2009
Sentence:
180 months’ imprisonment; five years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on February 24, 2017.

Bobby Earl Lee
Offense:
Possession with the intent to distribute 50 grams or more of cocaine base; possession with the intent to distribute five grams or more of cocaine base; possession of a firearm in relation to a drug trafficking crime
District/Date:
Middle District of Florida; September 16, 1994
Sentence:
Life plus 60 months’ imprisonment
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to a term of 360 months’ imprisonment, conditioned upon enrollment in residential drug treatment.

Edward Monroe Little
Offense:
Conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute quantities of cocaine and cocaine base; possessing with intent to distribute, a quantity of cocaine base, and aiding and abetting
District/Date:
Western District of North Carolina; January 10, 2005
Sentence:
Life imprisonment; 10 years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on October 27, 2018, conditioned upon enrollment in residential drug treatment.

John Lockett
Offense:
Conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute crack cocaine; possession with intent to distribute crack cocaine (two counts)
District/Date:
Southern District of Texas; September 26, 1997
Sentence:
Life imprisonment; 10 years’ supervised release; $5,000 fine
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on February 24, 2017 and unpaid balance of the $5,000 fine remitted.

Alberto Lopez
Offense:
Conspiracy to possess heroin and cocaine base with intent to distribute; possession of heroin with intent to distribute and distribution of heroin; possession of cocaine base with intent to distribute and distribution, aiding and abetting (three counts)
District/Date:
District of Massachusetts; June 4, 1996
Sentence:
Life imprisonment; six years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on February 24, 2017.

Rico Mayo
Offense:
Possession of five or more grams of cocaine base; use of a firearm during and in relation to a drug trafficking crime; possession with intent to distribute cocaine base
District/Date:
Eastern District of California; February 9, 1998
Sentence:
420 months’ imprisonment; five years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on February 24, 2017.

James A. McKines
Offense:
Conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute phencyclidine (PCP); possession with intent to distribute PCP; interstate travel in aid of racketeering
District/Date:
Western District of Missouri; November 2, 1989
Sentence:
Life imprisonment; 10 years’ supervised release; $40,000 fine
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on February 24, 2017.

Otis McRay
Offense:
Conspiracy to distribute 5 kilograms or more of cocaine and 50 grams or more of cocaine base; distribution of 5 grams or more of cocaine base (two counts)
District/Date:
Middle District of Florida; November 26, 2001
Sentence:
Life imprisonment; eight years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to a term of 240 months’ imprisonment, conditioned upon enrollment in residential drug treatment.

Terrance Ramon Merritt
Offense:
Conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute 5 kilograms or more of a mixture and substance containing a detectable amount of cocaine, 50 grams or more of a mixture and substance containing cocaine base; 3,4 methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) and marijuana; possession with intent to distribute 500 grams or more of a mixture and substance containing a detectable amount of cocaine, a detectable amount of MDMA and a detectable amount of marijuana; possession of a firearm by a convicted felon
District/Date:
Northern District of Florida; March 15, 2007
Sentence:
Life imprisonment; 10 years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to a term of 262 months’ imprisonment, conditioned upon enrollment in residential drug treatment.

Thomas Lee Miller
Offense:
Manufacturing or attempt to manufacture five grams or more of actual (pure) methamphetamine within 1,000 feet of a protected location after having a prior felony drug conviction
District/Date:
Northern District of Iowa; December 18, 2003
Sentence:
360 months’ imprisonment; 16 years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on October 27, 2018, conditioned upon enrollment in residential drug treatment.

Jose Flores Molina
Offense:
Possession with intent to distribute heroin; possession with intent to distribute methamphetamine
District/Date:
District of Idaho; January 30, 2003
Sentence:
360 months’ imprisonment; eight years’ supervised release, $3,000 fine
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on February 24, 2017.

Ernest Moore, Jr.
Offense:
Distribution of cocaine base (two counts); possession with intent to distribute cocaine base (two counts); carrying a firearm in connection with a drug trafficking offense
District/Date:
Middle District of Alabama; February 17, 2005
Sentence:
180 months’ imprisonment; five years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on February 24, 2017.

Michael Howard Motes
Offense:
Conspiracy to distribute and possess with intent to distribute methamphetamine and amphetamine; possession with intent to distribute methamphetamine and amphetamine
District/Date:
Northern District of Georgia; June 30, 1999
Sentence:
Life imprisonment; 10 years’ supervised release; $10,000 fine
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to a term of 360 months’ imprisonment and unpaid balance of the $10,000 fine remitted.

Randall C. Moyer
Offense:
Attempted manufacture of 50 grams or more of actual methamphetamine
District/Date:
District of Utah; July 25, 2006
Sentence:
240 months’ imprisonment; five years’ supervised release; $2,729.97 restitution
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on October 27, 2018, and unpaid balance of $2,729.97 restitution obligation remitted, conditioned upon enrollment in residential drug treatment.

Francisco Navarro
Offense:
Importation of heroin; possession of heroin with intent to distribute
District/Date:
Southern District of California; August 11, 2008
Sentence:
240 months’ imprisonment; 10 years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to a term of 168 months’ imprisonment.

David Neighbors
Offense:
Conspiracy to distribute 50 grams or more of cocaine base and less than 500 grams of cocaine hydrochloride; distribution of five grams or more of cocaine base (two counts); possession with intent to distribute more than 50 grams of cocaine base
District/Date:
Southern District of Indiana; December 17, 2008
Sentence:
Life imprisonment; 10 years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to a term of 360 months’ imprisonment.

Larry Anthony Nesby
Offense:
Conspiracy to distribute 50 grams or more of cocaine base (two counts)
District/Date:
Southern District of Illinois; October 3, 2002
Sentence:
Life imprisonment; $400 fine
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to a term of 360 months’ imprisonment.

Rasheed Jamal Olds
Offense:
Conspiracy to distribute cocaine and crack cocaine; conspiracy to launder money
District/Date:
District of Kansas; October 18, 2011
Sentence:
Life imprisonment; five years’ supervised release (May 7, 1997); amended to 360 months’ imprisonment
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on February 24, 2017.

Robert O’Neal
Offense:
Conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute crack cocaine; possess with intent to distribute crack cocaine (two counts)
District/Date:
Southern District of Florida; January 24, 2003
Sentence:
240 months’ imprisonment; 10 years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on February 24, 2017.

Antonio D. Patrick
Offense:
Possession with intent to distribute and distribution of cocaine base; possession with intent to distribute and distribution of cocaine
District/Date:
Western District of Tennessee; October 11, 2002
Sentence:
262 months’ imprisonment; five years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on October 27, 2018, conditioned upon enrollment in residential drug treatment.

Harold Eugene Patton
Offense:
Conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute cocaine base
District/Date:
Western District of North Carolina; November 19, 2008
Sentence:
Life imprisonment; 10 years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to a term of 235 months’ imprisonment.

George Pearson, Jr.
Offense:
Conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute 50 grams or more of cocaine base; possession with intent to distribute cocaine base
District/Date:
Middle District of Florida; July 2, 2004
Sentence:
240 months’ imprisonment; 10 years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on October 27, 2018, conditioned upon enrollment in residential drug treatment.

Anthony Pender
Offense:
Possession of a firearm by convicted felon; possession with intent to distribute 50 grams or more of cocaine base
District/Date:
District of Maryland; December 4, 2006
Sentence:
Life imprisonment; 10 years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to a term of 188 months’ imprisonment, conditioned upon enrollment in residential drug treatment.

Bobby Clarence Perry
Offense:
Conspiracy to distribute methamphetamine; conspiracy to distribute cocaine and marijuana
District/Date:
Northern District of Georgia; September 13, 1999
Sentence:
Life imprisonment; 10 years’ supervised release; $5,000 fine
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on February 24, 2017.

Reisa Lynn Pettiette
Offense:
Conspiracy to manufacture, distribute and possess with intent to manufacture and distribute methamphetamine; conspiracy to possess a listed chemical knowing it will be used to manufacture a controlled substance; possession of a listed chemical with intent to manufacture a controlled substance; possession and distribution of a listed chemical with intent to manufacture a controlled substance; possession of an unregistered firearm; use, carrying, and possession of a firearm in furtherance of a drug trafficking crime
District/Date:
Eastern District of Texas; October 16, 2003
Sentence:
240 months’ imprisonment; five years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on February 24, 2017.

Brett Rolland Poore
Offense:
Conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute more than 50 grams of methamphetamine; possession with intent to distribute more than 50 grams of methamphetamine, aiding and abetting
District/Date:
Western District of Texas; September 23, 2005
Sentence:
262 months’ imprisonment; five years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on October 27, 2018, conditioned upon enrollment in residential drug treatment.

Lesean Roberts
Offense:
Possession with intent to distribute cocaine base, and aiding and abetting; possession with intent to distribute cocaine hydrochloride
District/Date:
Northern District of Ohio; May 22, 2007
Sentence:
Life imprisonment; 10 years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to a term of 240 months’ imprisonment.

Darrell E. Robinson
Offense:
Conspiracy to distribute at least 50 grams of cocaine base
District/Date:
Eastern District of California; August 4, 2006
Sentence:
262 months’ imprisonment; five years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to a term of 188 months’ imprisonment, conditioned upon enrollment in residential drug treatment.

Charles McKinley Russell, Jr.
Offense:
Possession with intent to distribute crack cocaine
District/Date:
District of Maryland; May 18, 1999
Sentence:
292 months’ imprisonment; 10 years’ supervised release; $1 fine
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on February 24, 2017.

Ronnie Dean Shelton
Offense:
Possession of more than five grams of methamphetamine with intent to distribute
District/Date:
Western District of Virginia; November 19, 2008
Sentence:
188 months’ imprisonment; five years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on February 24, 2017.

Alicia Siller
Offense:
Conspiracy to distribute and possess with intent to distribute more than 500 grams of methamphetamine and aiding and abetting; possession with intent to distribute more than 50 grams or methamphetamine and aiding and abetting; use of a person under 18 years of age in drug operations and aiding and abetting
District/Date:
Northern District of Texas; October 24, 2003
Sentence:
262 months’ imprisonment; six years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on October 27, 2018, conditioned upon enrollment in residential drug treatment.

Leon Smallwood
Offense:
Conspiracy to distribute cocaine base; distribution of cocaine base (three counts); felon in possession of a firearm
District/Date:
Southern District of Illinois; October 2, 1998
Sentence:
Life imprisonment; eight years’ supervised release; $2,500 fine
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on February 24, 2017.

Michael Anthony Smith
Offense:
Possession with intent to distribute cocaine base
District/Date:
Western District of Virginia; October 23, 1997
Sentence:
360 months’ imprisonment; five years’ supervised release; $500 fine
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on November 26, 2016.

Oscar A. Smith, Jr.
Offense:
Conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute five kilograms or more of cocaine and 50 grams or more of cocaine base (“crack”)
District/Date:
District of South Carolina; July 18, 2005
Sentence:
240 months’ imprisonment; 10 years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on October 27, 2018, conditioned upon enrollment in residential drug treatment.

Terrence Tyron Smith
Offense:
Distribution of five grams or more of cocaine base (crack cocaine); possession with the intent to distribute five grams or more of cocaine base (crack cocaine)
District/Date:
Eastern District of Kentucky; March 7, 2007
Sentence:
240 months’ imprisonment; eight years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to a term of 172 months’ imprisonment.

Tyrone Lamont Smith
Offense:
Conspiracy to distribute cocaine base
District/Date:
Western District of Virginia; June 12, 1995
Sentence:
360 months’ imprisonment; 10 years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on February 24, 2017.

Mervin Spencer
Offense:
Possession with intent to distribute cocaine base; distribution of cocaine base (two counts)
District/Date:
Eastern District of Louisiana; September 13, 2006
Sentence:
Life imprisonment; 10 years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to a term of 300 months’ imprisonment.

Gary Don Starnes
Offense:
Possession with intent to distribute 50 grams or more of methamphetamine
District/Date:
Eastern District of Missouri; January 6, 2010
Sentence:
240 months’ imprisonment; 10 years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on October 27, 2018, conditioned upon enrollment in residential drug treatment.

Damian Roman Steplight
Offense:
Conspiracy to distribute 50 grams or more of crack cocaine
District/Date:
Eastern District of Virginia; January 25, 2002
Sentence:
Life imprisonment; 10 years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to a term of 240 months’ imprisonment.

Brandon Terrell Stevenson
Offense:
Conspiracy to distribute and to possess with intent to distribute more than five kilograms of a mixture and substance containing cocaine and more than 50 grams of a mixture and substance containing cocaine base
District/Date:
Northern District of Florida; October 30, 2009
Sentence:
Life imprisonment; 10 years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to a term of 210 months’ imprisonment, conditioned upon enrollment in residential drug treatment.

Edwin Reginald Straughter
Offense:
Conspiracy to distribute cocaine base; distribution of cocaine base (two counts); possession with intent to distribute cocaine base
District/Date:
Southern District of Florida; February 20, 1996
Sentence:
Life imprisonment; 10 years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to a term of 360 months’ imprisonment.

Carlos Stuckey
Offense:
Conspiracy to distribute and possess with intent to distribute more than 50 grams of cocaine base
District/Date:
Northern District of Florida; February 10, 2009
Sentence:
Life imprisonment; 10 years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on October 27, 2018, conditioned upon enrollment in residential drug treatment.

Michael Dewayne Tensley
Offense:
Distribution of more than 50 grams of cocaine base
District/Date:
Northern District of Florida; September 27, 2006
Sentence:
Life imprisonment; 10 years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on October 27, 2018, conditioned upon enrollment in residential drug treatment.

Jeffery James Terrell
Offense:
Possession with intent to distribute 50 grams or more of a mixture and substance containing cocaine base
District/Date:
Northern District of Alabama; March 15, 2007
Sentence:
Life imprisonment; 10 years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on February 24, 2017.

Lenthius D. Thomas
Offense:
Conspiracy to distribute and possession with intent to distribute cocaine and cocaine base
District/Date:
Middle District of Florida; June 24, 1998
Sentence:
Life imprisonment; 10 years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on October 27, 2018, conditioned upon enrollment in residential drug treatment.

Stanley D. Thomasson
Offense:
Used/carried firearms during drug trafficking crime (two counts); possession of Schedule II narcotic controlled substance (three counts)
District/Date:
Eastern District of Missouri; June 9, 2015
Sentence:
421 months’ imprisonment; four years’ supervised release (April 5, 1994); amended to 397 months’ imprisonment
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on October 27, 2018, conditioned upon enrollment in residential drug treatment.

Danny Demar Turner
Offense:
Distribution of a mixture or substance containing cocaine base (crack cocaine) (three counts)
District/Date:
Western District of Wisconsin; August 12, 2008
Sentence:
210 months’ imprisonment; three years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on October 27, 2018, conditioned upon enrollment in residential drug treatment.

Hayzen Turner, Jr.
Offense:
Distribution of a mixture and substance containing cocaine base (three counts); distribution of 50 grams or more of a mixture and substance containing cocaine base (two counts); possession with intent to distribute a quantity of a mixture and substance containing cocaine base, cocaine hydrochloride and marijuana; carrying a firearm during and in relation to a drug trafficking offense; felon in possession of a firearm (three counts)
District/Date:
Northern District of Alabama; December 18, 2007
Sentence:
Life imprisonment; 10 years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to a term of 180 months’ imprisonment.

Mark Walker
Offense:
Conspiracy to distribute in excess of 500 grams of methamphetamine
District/Date:
Western District of Missouri; August 15, 2005
Sentence:
235 months’ imprisonment; five years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on October 27, 2018, conditioned upon enrollment in residential drug treatment.

Kevin Washington
Offense:
Conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute and distribute 50 grams or more of cocaine base and 500 grams or more of cocaine; aiding and abetting knowingly and intentionally possess with intent to distribute and distribute 50 grams or more of cocaine base (three counts)
District/Date:
Western District of Kentucky; June 18, 2004
Sentence:
240 months’ imprisonment; 10 years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on May 1, 2017.

Kevin Washington
Offense:
Possession with intent to distribute more than 50 grams of cocaine base (crack)
District/Date:
Eastern District of North Carolina; October 11, 2006
Sentence:
Life imprisonment; 10 years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to a term of 262 months’ imprisonment, conditioned upon enrollment in residential drug treatment.

Robert Wettstain
Offense:
Conspiracy to knowingly and intentionally possess with intent to distribute methamphetamine; aiding and abetting knowingly and intentionally possessing with intent to distribute methamphetamine (two counts)
District/Date:
Western District of Kentucky; May 15, 2008
Sentence:
Life imprisonment; 10 years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to a term of 240 months’ imprisonment, conditioned upon enrollment in residential drug treatment.

Daryl Wilkes
Offense:
Conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute and to distribute cocaine base and cocaine; knowingly and intentionally distribute cocaine base (20 counts); knowingly possess a firearm in furtherance of a drug trafficking crime (two counts); knowingly and intentionally distribute cocaine (eight counts); knowingly and intentionally possess with intent to distribute cocaine base; knowingly and intentionally possess with intent to distribute cocaine (two counts)
District/Date:
Eastern District of Virginia; May 2, 2008
Sentence:
952 months’ imprisonment; five years’ supervised release (June 16, 2004); amended to 780 months’ imprisonment (October 4, 2006); amended to 480 months’ imprisonment
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to a term of 300 months’ imprisonment.

Anthony K. Williams
Offense:
Possession with intent to distribute 50 grams or more of cocaine base (mixture); possession of cocaine
District/Date:
Southern District of Indiana; April 4, 2008
Sentence:
240 months’ imprisonment; 10 years’ supervised release; $500 fine
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to expire on October 27, 2018, conditioned upon enrollment in residential drug treatment.

Donald Jamal Wilson
Offense:
Conspiracy to distribute 50 grams or more of cocaine base and quantities of cocaine and heroin; intentionally make available for use, with or without compensation, an apartment for the purpose of storing cocaine base and heroin (two counts)
District/Date:
Southern District of West Virginia; March 24, 2008
Sentence:
Life imprisonment
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to a term of 188 months’ imprisonment, conditioned upon enrollment in residential drug treatment.

Bradley Lee Winters
Offense:
Conspiracy to distribute 50 grams or more of actual methamphetamine; possession with intent to distribute 50 grams or more of actual methamphetamine
District/Date:
Southern District of Iowa; March 18, 2009
Sentence:
360 months’ imprisonment; 10 years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to a term of 240 months’ imprisonment, conditioned upon enrollment in residential drug treatment.

William Abel Yates
Offense:
Possess with intent to distribute cocaine base (crack)
District/Date:
Middle District of North Carolina; August 24, 1998
Sentence:
Life imprisonment; 10 years’ supervised release
Terms of grant:
Prison sentence commuted to a term of 300 months’ imprisonment, conditioned upon enrollment in residential drug treatment.

THE COMMENTARY GAZETTE®

SOURCE: United States Department of Justice
CONTRIBUTOR: Eddy Toorall