This Day In History For November 9: Great Lakes Storm Reaches Peak Ferocity (1913)

Great Lakes Storm Reaches Peak Ferocity (1913)

 

The Great Lakes Storm of 1913, historically referred to as the “BigBlow”, the “Freshwater Fury”, or the “White Hurricane”, was a blizzard with hurricane-force winds that devastated the Great Lakes Basin in the Midwestern UnitedStates and the Canadian province of Ontario fromNovember 7 through November 10, 1913. The storm was most powerfulon November 9, battering and overturning ships on four of the five Great Lakes, particularly Lake Huron. Deceptive lulls in the storm and the slowpace of weather reports contributed to the storm’s destructiveness.

The deadliest and most destructive natural disaster ever to hit the lakes,[1] the Great Lakes Storm killed more than 250 people,[2][3][4][5][6]destroyed 19 ships, and stranded 19 others. The financial loss in vesselsalone was nearly US $5 million (or about $116,145,000 in today’s dollars).[7] This included about $1 million at current value in lost cargo totallingabout 68,300 tons, such as coal, iron ore, and grain.[8]

The storm, an extratropical cyclone, originated as the convergence oftwo major storm fronts, fueled by the lakes’ relatively warm waters—aseasonal process called a “November gale”. It produced 90 mph(145 km/h) wind gusts, waves over 35 feet (11 m) high, and whiteoutsnowsqualls. Analysis of the storm and its impact on humans,engineering structures, and the landscape led to better forecasting andfaster responses to storm warnings, stronger construction (especially ofmarine vessels), and improved preparedness.

Background
During autumn, cold, dry air moving south from northern Canadaconverges with warm, moist air moving north from the Gulf of Mexico,forming large storm systems in the middle of the North Americancontinent. Several of these systems move along preferred paths towardthe Great Lakes. When the cold air from these storms moves over thelakes, it is warmed by the waters below. This added heat postpones theArctic spread in the region, allowing the lakes to remain relatively warmfor much later into the year.[9][10]

In November, two storm tracks converge over the Great Lakes. Onetravels southeastward from the province of Alberta; the other bringsstorms from the lee of the central Rocky Mountains northeast toward theGreat Lakes. This convergence is commonly referred to as a “Novembergale” or “November witch”. When a cyclonic system moves over thelakes, its power is intensified by the jet stream above and the warmwaters below. This allows the storm to maintain hurricane-force windgusts, produce waves over 50 feet (15 m) high, and dump several feet ofsnow or inches of rain. Fuelled by the warm lake water, these powerfulstorms may remain over the Great Lakes for days. Intense winds thenravage the lakes and surrounding shores, severely eroding the shoreline,and flooding the shorelines.[9][10]

November gales have been a bane of the Great Lakes, with at least 25 killer storms striking the region since 1847. See, GreatStorms of the North American Great Lakes. During the Big Blow of 1905, twenty-seven wooden vessels were lost. During aNovember gale of 1975, the giant ore bulk carrier SS Edmund Fitzgerald sank suddenly, without a distress signal.[10][11]

Prelude to the storm
The storm was first noticed on Thursday, November 6, on the western side of Lake Superior, moving rapidly toward northern Lake Michigan. The weather forecast in The Detroit News called for “moderate to brisk” winds for the Great Lakes, with occasional rains Thursday night or Friday for the upper lakes (except on southern Lake Huron), and fair to unsettled conditions for the lower lakes.[12]

Around midnight, the steamer Cornell, while 50 miles (80 km) west of Whitefish Point in Lake Superior, ran into a sudden northerly gale and was badly damaged. This gale lasted until late Monday, November 10, almost forcing Cornell ashore.

Storm
On Friday, the weather forecast in the Port Huron Times-Herald of Port Huron, Michigan, described the storm as “moderately severe.”[13] By then, the storm was centered over the upper Mississippi Valley and had caused moderate to brisk southerly winds with warmer weather over the lakes. The forecast predicted increased winds and falling temperatures over the next 24 hours.

At 10:00 a.m., Coast Guard stations and United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Weather Bureau offices at Lake Superior ports raised white pennants above square red flags with black centers, indicating a storm warning with northwesterly winds. By late afternoon, the storm signal flags were replaced with a vertical sequence of red, white, and red lanterns, indicating that a hurricane with winds over 74 mph (119 km/h) was coming. The winds on Lake Superior had already reached 50 mph (80 km/h), and an accompanying blizzard was moving toward Lake Huron.[14]

November 8
By Saturday, the storm’s status had been upgraded to “severe”. The storm was centered over eastern Lake Superior, covering the entire lake basin. The weather forecast of the Port Huron Times-Herald stated that southerly winds had remained “moderate to brisk”.[15] Northwesterly winds had reached gale strength on northern Lake Michigan and western Lake Superior, with winds of up to 60 mph (97 km/h) at Duluth, Minnesota.

A false lull in the storm (a “sucker hole”) allowed traffic to begin flowing again, both down the St. Marys River and up Lake Erie, and the Detroit and St. Clair rivers, into Lake Huron. Gale wind flags were raised at more than a hundred ports, but were ignored by many ship captains. Long ships traveled all that day through the St. Marys River, all night through the Straits of Mackinac, and early Sunday morning up the Detroit and St. Clair rivers.[16]

November 9
By noon on Sunday, weather conditions on lower Lake Huron were close to normal for a November gale. Barometric pressures in some areas actually began to rise, bringing hope of an end to the storm. The low pressure area that had moved across Lake Superior was moving northeast, away from the lakes.

The Weather Bureau had issued the first of its twice-daily reports at approximately 8:00 a.m.; it did not send another report to Washington, D.C. until 8:00 p.m. This proved to be a serious problem: the storm would have the better part of a day to build up hurricane forces before the Bureau headquarters in Washington, D.C., would have detailed information.[17]

Along southeastern Lake Erie, near the city of Erie, Pennsylvania, a southern low-pressure area was moving toward the lake. This low had formed overnight, so was absent from Friday’s weather map. It had been traveling northward and began moving northwestward after passing over Washington, D.C.

The intense counterclockwise rotation of the low was made apparent by the changing wind directions around its center. In Buffalo, New York, morning northwest winds had shifted to northeast by noon and were blowing southeast by 5:00 p.m., with the fastest gusts, 80 mph (130 km/h), occurring between 1:00 p.m. and 2:00 p.m. Just 180 miles (290 km) to the southwest, in Cleveland, winds remained northwest during the day, shifting to the west by 5:00 p.m., and maintaining speeds of more than 50 mph (80 km/h). The fastest gust in Cleveland, 79 mph (127 km/h), occurred at 4:40 p.m. There was a dramatic drop in barometric pressure at Buffalo, from 29.52 inHg (999.7 hPa) at 8:00 a.m. to 28.77 inHg (974.3 hPa) at 8:00 p.m.

The rotating low continued along its northward path into the evening, bringing its counterclockwise winds in phase with the northwesterly winds already hitting Lakes Superior and Huron. This resulted in an explosive increase in northerly wind speeds and swirling snow. Ships on Lake Huron that were south of Alpena, Michigan—especially around Harbor Beach and Port Huron in Michigan and Goderich and Sarnia in Ontario—were battered with huge waves moving southward toward St. Clair River.

From 8:00 p.m. to midnight, the storm became what modern meteorologists call a “weather bomb”. Sustained hurricane-speed winds of more than 70 mph (110 km/h) ravaged the four western lakes. The worst damage was done on Lake Huron as numerous ships scrambled for shelter along its southern end. Gusts of 90 mph (140 km/h) were reported off Harbor Beach, Michigan. The lake’s shape allowed northerly winds to increase unchecked, because of the lower surface friction of water compared to land, and the wind following the lake’s long axis.[18]

In retrospect, weather forecasters of the time did not have enough data or understanding of atmospheric dynamics to predict or comprehend the events of Sunday, November 9. Frontal mechanisms, referred to then as “squall lines”, were not yet understood. Surface observations were collected only twice daily at stations around the country, and by the time these data were collected and hand-drawn maps created, the information lagged actual weather conditions by hours.[19]

November 10 and 11
On Monday morning, the storm had moved northeast of London, Ontario, dragging lake effect blizzards in its wake. An additional 17 inches (43 cm) of snow were dumped on Cleveland, Ohio that day, filling the streets with snowdrifts 6 feet (2 m) high. Streetcar operators stayed with their stranded, powerless vehicles for two nights, eating whatever food was provided by local residents. Travelers were forced to take shelter and wait for things to clear.

By Tuesday, the storm was rapidly moving across eastern Canada. Without the warm lake waters, it lost power quickly. This also meant less snowfall, both because of the fast motion of the storm and the lack of lake effect snow. All shipping was halted on Monday and part of Tuesday along the St. Lawrence River around Montreal, Quebec.[20]

Aftermath
Historically, storms of such magnitude and with such high wind velocities have not lasted more than four or five hours. The Great Lakes storm, however, raged for more than 16 hours, with an average speed of 60 mph (100 km/h), and frequent bursts of more than 70 mph (110 km/h). It crippled traffic on the lakes and throughout the Great Lakes basin region.

Surrounding shoreline
Along the shoreline, blizzards shut down traffic and communication, causing hundreds of thousands of dollars in damage. A 22-inch (56 cm) snowfall in Cleveland, Ohio, put stores out of business for two days. There were four-foot (122 cm) snowdrifts around Lake Huron. Power was out for several days across Michigan and Ontario, cutting off telephone and telegraph communications. A recently completed US$100,000 Chicago breakwater, intended to protect the Lincoln Park basin from storms, was swept away in a few hours.[21] The Milwaukee harbor lost its entire south breakwater and much of the surrounding South Park area that had been recently renovated.[22]

After the final blizzards hit Cleveland, the city was paralyzed under feet of ice and snow and was without power for days. Telephone poles had been broken, and power cables lay in tangled masses. The November 11 Plain Dealer described the aftermath:

“Cleveland lay in white and mighty solitude, mute and deaf to the outside world, a city of lonesome snowiness, storm-swept from end to end, when the violence of the two-day blizzard lessened late yesterday afternoon.”[23]
William H. Alexander, Cleveland’s chief weather forecaster, observed:

“Take it all in all—the depth of the snowfall, the tremendous wind, the amount of damage done and the total unpreparedness of the people—I think it is safe to say that the present storm is the worst experienced in Cleveland during the whole forty-three years the Weather Bureau has been established in the city.”[24]

On the lakes
The 504-ft (154 m) Charles S. Price, upside down on the southern end of Lake Huron.
The greatest damage was done on the lakes. Major shipwrecks occurred on all but Lake Ontario, with most happening on southern and western Lake Huron. Lake masters recounted that waves reached at least 35 feet (11 m) in height. Being shorter in length than waves ordinarily formed by gales, they occurred in rapid succession, with three waves frequently striking in succession. Masters also stated that the wind often blew in directions opposite to the waves below. This was the result of the storm’s cyclonic motion, a phenomenon rarely seen on the Great Lakes.

In the late afternoon of November 10, an unknown vessel was spotted floating upside-down in about 60 feet (18 m) of water on the eastern coast of Michigan, within sight of Huronia Beach and the mouth of the St. Clair River. Determining the identity of this “mystery ship” became of regional interest, resulting in daily front-page newspaper articles. The ship eventually sank, and it was not until early Saturday morning, November 15, that it was finally identified as the Charles S. Price (this was the first time in Great Lakes History that a fully loaded ore carrier had been capsized[25]). The front page of that day’s Port Huron Times-Herald extra edition read, “BOAT IS PRICE — DIVER IS BAKER — SECRET KNOWN”.[26] Milton Smith, an assistant engineer who decided at the last moment not to join his crew on premonition of disaster, aided in identifying any bodies that were found.

The final tally of financial loss included US$2,332,000 for vessels totally lost, $830,900 for vessels that became constructive total losses, $620,000 for vessels stranded but returned to service, and approximately $1,000,000 in lost cargoes. This figure did not include financial losses in coastal cities.[27]

The storm had several long-term consequences. Complaints against the USDA Weather Bureau of alleged unpreparedness resulted in increased efforts to achieve more accurate weather forecasting and faster realization and communication of proper storm warnings. Criticism of the shipping companies and shipbuilders led to a series of conferences with insurers and mariners to seek safer designs for vessels. This resulted in the construction of ships with greater stability and more longitudinal strength. Immediately following the blizzard of Cleveland, Ohio, the city began a campaign to move all utility cables underground, in tubes beneath major streets. The project took half a decade.

Ships foundered

The following list includes ships that sank during the storm, killing their entirecrews. It does not include the three victims from the freighter WilliamNottinghamwho volunteered to leave the ship on a lifeboat in search ofassistance. While the boat was being lowered into the water, a breaking wavesmashed it into the side of the ship. The men disappeared into the near-freezing waters below. The following shipwreck casualties have beendocumented:[28]

  • Lake Superior
    • Leafield: 18 victims
    • Henry B. Smith: 25 victims
  • Lake Michigan
    • Plymouth (barge): 7 victims
  • Lake Huron
    • Argus: 28 victims
    • James Carruthers: 22 victims
    • Hydrus: 25 victims
    • John A. McGean: 28 victims
    • Charles S. Price: 28 victims
    • Regina: 20 victims
    • Isaac M. Scott: 28 victims
    • Wexford: 20 victims
  • Lake Erie
    • Lightship LV 82, Buffalo: 6 victims[29]

Of the twelve ships that sank in the storm, four have never been found: LeafieldJames CarruthersPlymouthand theHydrusThe most recent discovery is the Henry B. Smith, which appears to have been located in June of 2013. [30] The lastwreck found previous to the Henry B. Smith was the Wexford in 2000. [31]

 

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Brown, David G. (2002).White Hurricane.International Marine / McGraw-Hill. pp. 208, 222. ISBN0-07-138037-X.
  2. ^ Brown, 2002.
  3. ^ The Great Storm of 1913: Vessels Totally Destroyed.” Newsletter, Winter 2003, Save OntarioShipwrecks, Inc.. Accessed on February 9, 2005.ArchivedApril 24, 2005 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Hemming, Robert J. (1992).Ships Gone Missing:The Great Lakes Storm of 1913Chicago:Contemporary Books, Inc. ISBN 0-8092-3909-4.
  5. ^ Shipwrecks.” Maritime History of the Great Lakes.Accessed on February 10, 2005.ArchivedFebruary 6,2005 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ Annual Report of the Lake Carriers’ Association.1913.
  7. ^ Brown, 2002, p 245, Oregon State University.Retrieved 2007-04-10.ArchivedOctober 5, 2007 atthe Wayback Machine
  8. ^ Brown, 2002, pp 203, 225.
  9. ab Heidorn, Keith C. (2001).“The Great Lakes: Storm Breeding Ground”Science of the Sky.Published online 16 Nov 2001, Suite101. Retrieved 5February 2005.
  10. abc Bentley, Mace and Steve Horstmeyer. “The witch of November“. Weatherwise Magazine.Nov/Dec 1998.
  11. ^ Brown, 2002, p 246.
  12. ^ Weather forecast,The Detroit NewsDetroit,Michigan, 5 Nov 1913.
  13. ^ Front page,Port Huron Times-HeraldPort Huron,Michigan. 7 November 1913.
  14. ^ See Brown, 2002, pp 28–44, for wind speeds andother figures for November 7.
  15. ^ Front page,Port Huron Times-HeraldPort Huron,Michigan, 8 November 1913.
  16. ^ See Brown, 2002, pp 44–67, for wind speeds andother figures for November 8.
  17. ^ Brown, 2002, p 12.
  18. ^ See Brown, 2002, pp 68–127, for wind speeds andother figures for November 9.
  19. ^ Brown, 2002, pp 13, 19, 68.
  20. ^ See Brown, 2002, pp 127–142, 163–180, for windspeeds and other figures for November 10 andNovember 11.
  21. ^ Brown, 2002, p 94.
  22. ^ [1]Barcus, 1986, p 6.
  23. ^ Reprinted in Brown, 2002, p 162.
  24. ^ Reprinted in Brown, 2002, p 163.
  25. ^ Minnich, Jerry The Wisconsin Almanac pg. 218 ISBN0-944-13306-1
  26. ^ Front page,Port Huron Times-HeraldEXTRAedition, Port Huron, Michigan, 15 November 1913.
  27. ^ Brown, 2002, p 245.
  28. ^ Brown, 2002, p 223.
  29. ^ Vogel, Michael N. and Paul F. Redding, Maritime Buffalo, Buffalo History, Lightship LV 82.
  30. ^
  31. ^ news.jrn.msu.edu/…/the-wexford-elusive-shipwreck-of-the-great-storm/‎

 

References

  • Barcus, Frank, Freshwater Fury: Yarns and Reminiscences of the Greatest Storm in Inland Navigation(1986: Wayne State University Press166 pages. ISBN 0-8143-1828-2.
  • Brown, David G. (2002). White Hurricane: A Great Lakes November Gale and America’s Deadliest Maritime Disaster.International Marine / McGraw-HillISBN 0-07-138037-X.
  • Hemming, Robert J. (1992). Ships Gone Missing: The Great Lakes Storm of 1913Chicago: Contemporary Books, Inc. 198pages. ISBN 0-8092-3909-4.
  • Ratigan, William (1987). Great Lakes Shipwrecks and SurvivalsGrand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co. ISBN0-8028-7010-4.
  • Shipley, Robert and Fred Addis (1992). Wrecks and Disasters: Great Lakes Album SeriesSt. Catharines, Ontario: VanwellPublishing Limited. ISBN 0-920277-77-2.
  • Articles in The Port Huron Times-HeraldPort Huron, Michigan. (Nov. 10–15, 1913). various authors and pages.Transcripts of relevant articles are available online.
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American Revolution: Major Events 1763-1774

Listed are major events leading up to the rebellion of the American colonist against the British Crown. Giving cause for their declaring independence.                                                                                                                                           1763

10 February: Treaty of Paris, ending Seven Years’ War signed, in which France ceded mainland North American possessions east of Mississippi River, and Spain ceded Florida, to Great Britain. France and Spain, smarting in defeat, were to find their opportunity for revenge in American Revolution. Coincidentally with signing of treaty, the British Government proposed to maintain 15 regiments in America and to collect at least part of cost of maintaining them from the colonies, thus laying the basis for the agitation and debate over constitutional issues that was eventually to lead the 13 coastal colonies from New England to Georgia to armed rebellion. 

16 November: General Thomas Gage arrived in New York City to assume his new assignment as Commander-in-Chief of British Army in America. 

                                                                               1764

 5 April: In Revenue Act, British Parliament asserted its authority to levy duties on colonial trade to raise revenue in order to defray expenses of defending and securing British Empire.

                                                                            1765

 22 March: Parliament passed Stamp Act to be effective 1 November 1765, placing tax on printed matter and legal documents with objective of raising part of costs of maintaining British troops in American colonies.

 7-25 October: Stamp Act Congress, meeting in New York City, to which nine colonies sent delegates, formulated Declaration of Rights and Grievances which denied Parliament’s right to tax colonies. It also gave impetus to informal agreements not to import British goods until act was repealed, beginnings of nonimportation as measure of economic coercion.

                                                                                 1766

 18 March: Stamp Act repealed, but on same day Parliament passed Declaratory Act asserting its authority to make laws binding on American colonies “in all cases whatsoever.” 

                                                                                 1767

 29 June: King George III approved Townshend Revenue Act imposing duties on selected colonial imports to obtain revenue to help defray costs of military defense and provide independent source of income for paying royal officials. Americans again countered with nonimportation. 

                                                                            1768

 1 October: British troops arrived in Boston, Massachusetts, to enforce customs laws. 

                                                                       1769

 16 May: Virginia Resolves drafted by George Mason and introduced in House of Burgesses by George Washington asserted that only governor and colony’s own legislature had right to levy taxes in Virginia, and condemned Parliamentary proposal to send Americans to England for trial. 

                                                                      1770

 19 January: “Battle” of Golden Hill in New York City followed several days of excitement after cutting down of Liberty Pole by British troops, and was outgrowth of long conflict over British attempts to enforce quartering provisions of Mutiny Act of 5 May 1765. In this scuffle British troops attacking Sons of Liberty party with bayonets wounded several seriously.

 5 March: Boston “Massacre” climaxed rioting in front of customs house, with British guards firing into mob killing five and wounding six others. Whatever the provocation, and misrepresentation of this incident in patriot propaganda, it was significant action in stirring anti-British feeling and leading toward armed rebellion and independence.

 12 April: Parliament repealed all Townshend Revenue Act duties except tax on tea.

 9 June: British armed revenue schooner Gaspee) having run aground in Narragansett Bay seven miles below Providence, Rhode Island, was attacked and burned by a party of local patriots.

 2 November: First Committee of Correspondence was established in Boston, Massachusetts; other colonies followed this example, and these committees served as vehicles to link patriot anti-British agitation and to organize public opinion against British actions.

                                                                  1773

 10 May: Parliament passed Tea Act which, although it retained tea duty from Townshend Act, made it possible for British East India Company to undersell smuggled tea in American colonies if it could be sold. Tea was subsequently turned back or impounded in New York City, Philadelphia, and Charleston, burned in Annapolis, and dumped in Boston.

 16 December: Boston Tea Party occurred when a group organized by Samuel Adams boarded tea ships in Boston harbor and threw overboard 342 tea chests valued at $90,000. This action led to British Coercive Acts of 1774, termed by Americans the Intolerable Acts.

                                                   1774

 31 March: Parliament passed Boston Port Bill, first of Coercive Acts, ordering closing of port on 1 June 1774 until tea destroyed in “Tea Party” was paid for. 

17 May: General Gage landed in Boston to assume duties as Massachusetts Governor in addition to those as British Army Commander-in-Chief. 

20 May: Massachusetts Government Act, another of Coercive Acts, virtually annulled colonial charter and gave governor control of local town meetings. 

1 June: Boston harbor was closed to trade. 

2 June: Parliament passed Quartering Act at request of General Gage, specifically requiring colonists to furnish barracks and supplies to British troops when needed. Colonists viewed this law as another of Intolerable Acts.

 22 June: George III approved Quebec Act, granting religious toleration to French Canadians and extending Canada’s boundaries in west to Ohio River. Most inhabitants of 13 coastal colonies found both provisions highly objectionable, and thus construed this rather enlightened action to be one of Intolerable Acts.

 1 September: General Gage seized Massachusetts stock of powder at Charlestown, across Charles River from Boston, Massachusetts. 

5 September: First Continental Congress, with representatives from 12 colonies, met in Carpenter’s Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 

14 September: First Continental Congress approved Suffolk Resolve, drafted by convention meeting in Suffolk County, Massachusetts, which declared so-called Intolerable Acts to be unconstitutional, urged Massachusetts to set up a government independent of Crown until these acts were repealed, advised people to arm, and recommended economic sanctions against Great Britain. 

5 October: Massachusetts Assembly met in Salem and two days later adjourned to Concord where its members organized as Provincial Congress. This extralegal body with John Hancock as president thereafter governed Massachusetts outside of Boston. In due course other colonies established similar provincial congresses.

 14 October: First Continental Congress adopted Declaration of Rights and Grievances summarizing colonial arguments of protest and denying Parliament’s jurisdiction over American colonies except for regulation of colonial commerce and strictly imperial affairs.

 19 October: At Annapolis, Maryland, owner of ship Peggy Stewart, arriving with tea aboard on which tax had been paid, was forced to burn his own vessel to avert mob action toward same end.

 20 October: First Continental Congress approved Continental Association, economic boycott of Great Britain to stop in due course import, export, and consumption of British goods, an action that led to 90 percent decline in British imports by spring 1775. By that time, committees organized for enforcement had become de facto local governments.

 26 October: First Continental Congress adjourned.

 26 October: Massachusetts Provincial Congress directed that militia-men of colony be reorganized so tl).at the most able-bodied third would be in separate companies of Minute men.

 9-10 December: Patriots seized ordinance at Newport, Rhode Island, and carried it to Providence.

 14 December: Patriots in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, seized 100 barrels of powder and some ordinance from Castle William and Mary. (Similar actions followed in other colonies.)

THE COMMENTARY GAZETTE®

SOURCE: The war of the American Revolution: BY: Robert W. Coakley & Stetson Conn (United States Army Center of Military History)

CONTRIBUTOR: Frances Thompson

Inspiration of the Day for November 9: Taking a Media Break

Taking a Media Break

 

BY MADISYN TAYLOR

Taking a break from media in all forms is like a cleanse for your soul.

In this modern age, we seldom question the pervasive presence of the media. Television, radio, newspapers, magazines, telephones, and Websites are part of most people’s everyday experiences. They enable us to stay informed while sometimes taking us on amazing journeys. But the content and experiences that these outlets offer also consume space in our minds and can have a profound effect on our emotional state. If you are someone who feels like your life is oversaturated with the “buzz” that comes from the media, you may want to consider taking a break. A media fast involves not watching television, reading any newspapers or magazines, checking or sending any emails, or even talking on the phone.

On the simplest level, undertaking this fast will free up thinking space. When you are constantly being bombarded with signals coming from outside sources, it can be hard to disassociate yourself, particularly if what you are hearing or reading is negative or stressful. Avoiding the media for a few weeks, or even just a few days, can help you center yourself. As you enjoy some quiet time and reconnect with other interests, the fast may even introduce you to creative aspects of yourself that you didn’t know existed. We may feel like something is lacking from our lives during the first few days of a fast. But it is this emptiness that opens up the space for a more expansive and clutter-free life.

Research has shown that both news and television programming can have an intense effect on mood, even causing sadness and anxiety. Without the “noise” of the media running through your head, you are freer to focus your attention inward. Ideas will present themselves to you more readily, and you will find yourself available to revel in the small joys of your own life. You also will be freer to live in the present moment, rather than focusing on what’s going on in the news or your favorite soap opera. A media break can also help you develop a more conscious relationship with news and fictional entertainment. When you aren’t continuously subjected to the media, you are able to look at what you are seeing or reading more objectively. Taking a break from the media may also give you a greater sense of calm, balance, well-being, and a new perspective on life.

 

Source

The Daily OM

The Old Farmer’s Almanac for Friday, November 9: BEST DAYS FOR NOVEMBER

 

BEST DAYS FOR NOVEMBER

Based on the Moon’s sign and phases in November, the best time to harvest is on the 11th and 12th for aboveground crops and on the 2nd, 3rd, 29th, and 30th for those belowground.

Additionally, it’s helpful to know that during a waxing Moon, pruning encourages growth; during a waning Moon, it discourages growth.

 

BEST DAYS FOR NOVEMBER 2018
Date Activities
November 2, 2018
have dental care, harvest below ground crops,
November 3, 2018
quit smoking, begin diet to lose weight, have dental care, harvest belowground crops, wean animals or children,
November 4, 2018
cut hair to discourage growth,
November 5, 2018
cut hair to discourage growth,
November 6, 2018
end projects, plant belowground crops, can, pickle, or make sauerkraut, breed animals, slaughter livestock,
November 7, 2018
breed animals, slaughter livestock,
November 8, 2018
start projects, breed animals, slaughter livestock,
November 9, 2018
go camping,
November 10, 2018
go camping,
November 11, 2018
harvest aboveground crops, begin logging, set posts or pour concrete,
November 12, 2018
harvest aboveground crops, begin logging, set posts or pour concrete,
November 13, 2018
castrate animals,
November 14, 2018
castrate animals,
November 15, 2018
castrate animals,
November 16, 2018
cut hair to encourage growth, plant aboveground crops,
November 17, 2018
begin diet to gain weight, cut hair to encourage growth, plant aboveground crops,
November 18, 2018
destroy pests and weeds, prune to encourage growth, cut hay,
November 19, 2018
destroy pests and weeds, prune to encourage growth, cut hay,
November 20, 2018
destroy pests and weeds, prune to encourage growth, cut hay,
November 22, 2018
begin diet to gain weight,
November 25, 2018
plant belowground crops, graft or pollinate, can, pickle, or make sauerkraut,
November 26, 2018
plant belowground crops, graft or pollinate, can, pickle, or make sauerkraut,
November 27, 2018
prune to discourage growth,
November 28, 2018
prune to discourage growth,
November 29, 2018
have dental care, harvest belowground crops,
November 30, 2018
quit smoking, begin diet to lose weight, have dental care, harvest belowground crops, wean animals or children,

 

SOURCE:

What’s Your Jealousy Rating According to Your Zodiac Sign?

 

Did you ever wonder where those feelings of envy, jealousy and possessiveness came from? Or why you feel so anxious when someone flirts with your boyfriend while your friend seems to take it all in her stride? Why are you so insecure? How come you can’t feel relaxed? After all, you so looked forward to having a relationship and now you can’t seem to enjoy it because you are always on the lookout for predatory people who just want to steal your man and wreck your happiness. What’s your jealousy rating? How jealous are you according to your zodiac sign?

Aries March 21 – April 19

You may not even know you are jealous until the angry monster inside suddenly rears up and explodes venom all over the place. You didn’t notice that your feelings of security were being gradually undermined and your emotions left uncomfortably exposed. Then one thing; one tiny, unimportant remark or glance sent you over the edge. Your partner is like, “Whoa! Where did that come from?” And oddly, you feel the same. Your jealous anger subsides just as fast as it appeared. Jealousy rating 8/10.

Taurus April 20 – May 20

Loyal, reliable Taurus. Why isn’t everyone like you? You trust without conditions, and then one day you notice that something is going on. Right under your nose. It’s probably nothing, but it doesn’t look like nothing. You realize that you have been taken for granted. Luckily, jealousy works in your favor. You use it like a slingshot to take yourself out of the situation. You’re gone. Their loss. You’re good. Jealousy rating 3/10.

Gemini May 21 – June 20

As the biggest flirt on the planet, you hate it when someone dishes out the same treatment to you. And because you know exactly what’s going on—which is usually nothing much—your jealousy kicks in. You know the frisson of delight in a surreptitious dalliance. And you can’t bear the idea of your love doing the same thing. You don’t explode or create a scene. Instead you close up, stop talking, throw a few dirty looks and take the passive-aggressive, sulky route. Jealousy rating 6/10.

Cancer June 21 – July 22

As someone who needs security as much as they need oxygen, when your partner shows signs of interest in another, it feels like a dagger to the heart. Jealousy feels like poison and you hate that it’s coursing through you, but you don’t know what to do. Somehow, you keep it together. You smile. You act normal. But underneath it’s all torment and turmoil. You wait to see what happens. If all is well, relief is the order of the day. Should there be signs of real unfaithfulness, you are prepared to kick them out for your own well-being. Jealousy rating 7/10.

 

Leo July 23 – August 22

You parade your possessiveness like a golden cloak, Leo. It’s part of who you are. You love your stuff, and your partner is part of all that. You might not notice at first because after all, you are the catch of the century. But when you do cotton on to possible flirting, you openly express your jealousy, there’s no holding back. You make your demands. You lay down the rules and the conditions. It’s your way or the highway. Jealousy rating 6/10.

 

Virgo August 23 – September 22

Your jealousy, once it starts, does not stop. Not only does it torment you, it also torments your partner. You cannot let up. You examine everything they do and say for signs of straying, relentless in your quest to find guilt. To the degree that your searching for evidence verges on stalking. The problem is that your behavior will often send them into someone else’s arms. At which time you will say, “I knew I was right not to trust them.” Jealousy rating 9/10.

 

Libra September 23 – October 22

You do get deeply jealous, Libra, but you do your best to hide it, or at least, disguise it. It slips out in the odd remark but no-one would guess that you are feeling quite unsettled. Of course, you know very well that you are mostly likely to be the flirty one in your relationship. That’s why you notice it right away if your partner shows signs of interest in another. You usually go very quiet and withdrawn until you make up your mind about the future of the relationship. Jealousy rating 6/10.

 

Scorpio October 23 – November 21

Scorpio, you are awarded the crown (or tiara) of jealousy. No-one can do jealous like you. Stormy, passionate and possessive, you take jealousy to a new level. You give your loyalty and love wholeheartedly, and you expect the same commitment from your partner. If, however, you think they are not quite as devoted as you are, the barbs appear. You even accuse your partner of infidelity when someone with nice hair sits in front of you at the theater. You just know he’s looking at her and wishing he was sitting with her and not you. Jealousy rating 10/10.

 

Sagittarius November 22 – December 21

Like the happy puppy you are, you rarely notice anything to make you jealous. You are confident and at ease in your own skin, so you might think that other people are jealous of you. And you are probably right. Just hope you don’t sit in front of a Scorpio next time you go to the movies. Jealousy rating 1/10.

 

Capricorn December 22 – January 19

Envy is your worst trait, Capricorn. And it might also be a good one in that feeling a little bit jealous makes you do better. It’s probably worse when you are young because you don’t know where to put the feelings, but as you get older you begin to understand that they are generally unfounded. Of course, being faithful and loyal, you expect the same from your partner. When your suspicion antenna is raised, you are as snoopy and nosy as the next person. Jealousy rating 6/10.

 

Aquarius January 20 – February 18

Aquarius is all sweetness and light when it comes to their partner flirting. They smile and laugh and show the world how tolerant and modern they are, “It’s fun to flirt, isn’t it?” Underneath they are as insecure and jealous as the rest of us. Eventually you will concede that, “Enough is enough.” And show your amour the door. Jealousy rating 7/10.

 

Pisces February 19 – March 20

If Pisces get jealous, they don’t show it. They are so easy-going that it doesn’t appear to form part of their personality. And yet… and yet… there is a streak of jealousy deep down that expresses itself in self-pity, or perhaps sadness. They are often the sign that is duped by their cheating partner. Still they prefer to trust and wait rather than confront their fears head on. After all, it might not be anything, and it might just go away. Jealousy rating 4/10.

 

Source

Lunar Cafe

 

The Daily Horoscopes for Friday, November 9

 

The Daily Horoscopes for Friday, November 9

Claire Petulengro, Astrologer

 

ARIES (March 21st-April 20th)
There is an insecure feel to your chart, which has me worried that you think you are all alone. Look around you Aries and you will soon see that the opposite is true. You just don’t want to acknowledge those who are challenging your recent choices.

TAURUS (April21st-May 21st)
Please think about how you act today as I see many of you Taureans are trying to get a reaction. Know how far is too far to go, or you will only end up regretting words and actions before this month comes to a close.

GEMINI (May 22nd-June 21st)
What you think to be fact, could well end up being fiction. Make a conscious effort to not repeat words you have not heard from the person directly involved. If not, you could end up causing a split in your circle which is not easily repaired.

CANCER (June 22nd-July 23rd)
Think very carefully before investing money into something which may have a delay in paying back to you. Upcoming aspects tell me that you may need to have more flexibility to your cashflow than you first thought. Standards in love are slipping, careful!

LEO (July 24th-August 23rd)
There has never been a dream you can’t have. It’s just the people whose paths you cross along the way that have been your setback. Make a mental note from today that you will not let others sway you from your dreams. Focus and determination make the world your oyster.

VIRGO (August 24th-September 23rd)
New career paths open to many of your sign. You start to think outside the box and you are not afraid to open your mind to dreams which those around you are unlikely to ever harbour.

LIBRA (September 24th-October 23rd)
Slow down and stop being so impatient Libra. You have allowed others to push you and to antagonise you, which by the way is exactly what they wanted! Today you see what needs to be done to rectify this problem, and you do it with style.

SCORPIO (October 24th-November 22nd)
Your concentration levels are not at their best, so make a note of anything important you have to remember. Your need to see someone who has been on your mind for several weeks now could see you telling a rather large lie to the professional in your life.

SAGITTARIUS (November 23rd-December 21st)
You may have to pay out a lump sum unexpectedly, so try to put aside what you don’t have to spend. You’ll be glad you did, when you see what a good light it casts you in to those who are watching from the side-lines. Phone calls spread lies. Careful.

CAPRICORN (December 22nd-January 20th)
Is what you are feeling a physical or a mental attraction Capricorn? Only time and patience will tell, so stop trying to read the book that is your life story, or you won’t get to enjoy all the best bits. Mix ups in work prove stressful. Note down dates and times relevant to you.

AQUARIUS (January 21st-February 19th)
I can see that you’ve found it hard to know who you can trust with the very emotive feel your chart is showing. The moon brings out your need to ask question and you seek those who are relevant to a recent drama which has been unfolding.

PISCES (February 20th-March 20th)
Your life seems to have more twists and turns than the spaghetti junction of late! Use the coming days to try and simplify your life. What you thought you wanted is going to have to be fine-tuned if it is to give you the satisfaction a sign such as you desires.

 

For Claire’s in-depth horoscope for this week, call 0905 072 0237
Calls cost 77p/min from a BT landline

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