Today’s Extra: 10 Morning Habits to Start Your Day Off Right

10 Morning Habits to Start Your Day Off Right

“We are what we repeatedly do. Excellence, then, is not an act, but a habit.” – Aristotle

Have you ever noticed when your morning starts in a frenzy—snoozing your alarm, skipping breakfast, and rushing yourself out the door—the rest of your day seems to reflect that mood of chaos as well? The tone of your morning will determine the tone of your day, so it’s time to start planning accordingly.

When you form healthy habitual behaviors for the morning, you set your day up for success. Whether you are aware of them or not, you operate under habits (both good and bad) all the time—they are an integral part of your daily existence. Part of developing a healthy habit, is to become intentional with it. Most habits are formed because they are easy or along the path of least resistance. If you want to cultivate positive habits, then you may need to put some intentional effort into forming them until they become second nature.

This is particularly true with morning habits. What you cultivate in the morning influences how you feel, act, and think during the rest of your day. Here are 10 simple habits that you can add into your morning routine now, to ensure you are feeling, acting, and thinking at your highest potential for the rest of your day—and days—ahead.

1. Stay Unplugged from Tech

If the first thing you do when you wake up is check your smartphone for messages or work email, you are doing yourself a disservice. You are immediately cultivating a reactive mindset, instead of a proactive one, which will cause you to start your day in a defensive state, rather than a place of inner peace and control.

Instead, try remaining detached from technology for the first hour of your day so you can begin your day with present-moment awareness and a positive focus.

2. Hydrate

Drinking a glass of water in the morning after going hours without a sip is a good way to hydrate your body. The Ayurvedic technique of adding lemon to a warm glass of water helps remove toxins from your digestive tract that may have built up overnight, provides a good source of vitamin C, freshens your breath, supports weight loss, and stimulates metabolism and digestion. Bottoms up first thing in the a.m. for a healthy—and refreshing—start to your day.

3. Practice Optimism and Gratitude

Before you even get out of bed, give yourself a few minutes to smile and practice gratitude. When you smile, it signals your brain to release the feel-good neurotransmitters (dopamine, endorphins, and serotonin), which lift your mood, relax your body, and lower your heart rate. Who wouldn’t want to start their day on this positive note?

As you smile, start to reflect upon what you’re grateful for. Studies have shown practicing gratitude reduces stress hormones and improves mood, among other benefits. So, adding a simple daily gratitude practice is a great way to kick-start your morning.

Begin by taking one minute in bed before you rise to reflect on one person and one opportunity you are grateful for in your life.

4. Make Your Bed

Tim Ferriss, author and podcast host (The Tim Ferriss Show) has interviewed more than a hundred highly successful people with diverse backgrounds and skillsets, and in a variety of industries. He always asks, “What’s your morning routine?” Along the way, he has collected five habits that he has incorporated into his morning routine, and one of them is making his bed.

It may seem like a waste of time, unimportant, or unnecessary (you’re just going to use it again at night), but making your bed is a simple action you can take in the morning that makes you start your day feeling accomplished—and what better tone to set than a sense of pride and accomplishment? Taking charge and completing simple tasks will give you the foundation to take on more and more throughout the day.

5. Meditate

Incorporating some type of mindfulness practice like meditation into your daily morning routine can help ground you and train your mind and emotions, which then influences how you react to challenges throughout your day.

During your meditation is also a great time to set your intention for the day. When you get clear on how you want your day to go or what you want to feel or accomplish, you can make clear decisions that create the life you truly want to live.

Note sure where to get started? Here is a simple meditation you can do in the morning:

  • Get into a comfortable seated position and set a timer for five minutes.
  • Close your eyes and focus on your breath.
  • Inhale through your nose for four counts, retain for four counts, and exhale through your nose for eight counts.
  • Every time you notice your mind wandering, gently guide it back to focus on your breath.
  • When the timer goes off, release your counting, but stay seated with your eyes closed for a moment.
  • Set an intention for your day and visualize yourself meeting this intention.
  • Open your eyes, draw your arms up to the sky for a stretch, and then move on with your day, carrying the calm energy and intention with you.

6. Exercise

Whether it’s a simple yoga routine, a brisk walk with your pet, a quick set of sit-ups and push-ups, or hitting the gym to work off last night’s meal, starting off your day with movement energizes the body and the mind. Determine what kind of exercise is right for you and schedule it. It doesn’t have to be complicated, long, or intense, but having some sort of physical activity in the morning will get your blood flowing and help quiet any mental chatter. You can even switch up what kind of exercise you do every day to keep your routine interesting.

7. Put Yourself Together

Putting time and effort into your appearance helps build self-confidence. When you feel “put together,” it is one less thing to worry about throughout your day.

So, shower, wash your face, brush your teeth, floss, comb your hair, apply lotion/oil, dress to impress, and apply any other hygiene/grooming habits that make you feel good about yourself. This may involve picking out your clothes the night before (especially if you are short on time in the morning) or ironing your clothes—whatever makes you feel like you are taking care of your health, looking presentable, and feeling confident.

8. Eat a Healthy Breakfast

You’ve most likely heard that breakfast is the most important meal of the day. When you make time to eat a healthy breakfast (lean proteins, healthy fats, and whole grains), you’ll have more energy throughout the day and a stronger ability to focus and concentrate.

9. Have a “To-Do” List Ready to Conquer

Take a few minutes to write down a “to-do” list for the day ahead. Then prioritize it so your day’s list has only 3 to 5 items on it—ranked in order of priority to make sure you tackle the most pressing things first.

Writing down your “to-do’s” instead of keeping them floating around in your mind helps clear mental chatter. You also give yourself a sense of purpose each day when you know what you need to get done. And there is something satisfying about crossing off tasks on your list—it really cultivates a sense of accomplishment.

10. Get Enough Restful Sleep

This last one isn’t a habit for your morning exactly … however, before you can hope to implement new, healthy morning habits, you should have the foundation of a well-rested body and mind. The way you feel while you’re awake is dependent in part on your sleep habits. If you’ve been feeling groggy, irritable, or exhausted, you may not be getting enough quality sleep.

During sleep, your body is working to support healthy brain function and maintain your physical health. In fact, sleep plays such a vital role in your physical well-being, mental clarity, and quality of life that ongoing sleep deficiency (the amount varies by individual, but typically this means less than 6 to 8 hours of restful sleep each night) can have adverse effects on your health—and how well you think, react, work, learn, and get along with others.

If you are finding you are not getting enough quality sleep, check out this before-bed routine to wind down or our online product 7 Days to Restful Sleep to improve your sleep habits. There are also apps and gadgets out there that can track your sleep habits, like Sleep Cycle Alarm Clock.

When you start your day after a night of restful sleep, you will wake feeling rejuvenated and ready to take on the day, starting with your new morning habits.

 

Source: The Chopra Center

 

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The Old Farmer’s Almanac for November 19th: MOON GLOSSARY: LUNAR TERMS AND DEFINITIONS

MOON GLOSSARY: LUNAR TERMS AND DEFINITIONS

Our Moon glossary includes definitions of lunar terms that are commonly used on Almanac.com. You can find our full astronomical glossary in The Old Farmer’s Almanac.

APOGEE (APO.)

The point in the Moon’s orbit that is farthest from Earth.

CONJUNCTION

The time at which two or more celestial bodies appear closest in the sky. Inferior (Inf.): Mercury or Venus is between the Sun and Earth. Supe-rior (Sup.): The Sun is between a planet and Earth. The best times for viewing the closely aligned bodies are given in Sky Watch.

ECLIPSE, LUNAR

The full Moon enters the shadow of Earth, which cuts off all or part of the sunlight reflected off the Moon.
See our Eclipses page for this year’s dates.

  • Total: The Moon passes completely through the umbra (central dark part) of Earth’s shadow.
  • Partial: Only part of the Moon passes through the umbra.
  • Penumbral: The Moon passes through only the penumbra (area of partial darkness surrounding the umbra).

ECLIPSE, SOLAR

Earth enters the shadow of the new Moon, which cuts off all or part of the Sun’s light.

  • Total: Earth passes through the umbra (central dark part) of the Moon’s shadow, resulting in totality for observers within a narrow band on Earth.
  • Annular: The Moon appears silhouetted against the Sun, with a ring of sunlight showing around it.
  • Partial: The Moon blocks only part of the Sun.

EPACT

A number from 1 to 30 that indicates the Moon’s age on January 1 at Greenwich, England; used in calculations for determining the date of Easter.

GOLDEN NUMBER

A number in the 19-year cycle of the Moon, used in calculations for determining the date of Easter. (Approximately every 19 years, the Moon’s phases occur on the same dates.) Add 1 to any given year and divide by 19; the remainder is the Golden Number. If there is no remainder, use 19.

ILLUMINATION

The Moon appears to be a circular disk which, at any specific time, is illuminated to some degree by the Sun’s light. When we refer to the percent illumination, we are referring to the percent of that circular disk which is lit up.

So, when it’ s a New Moon, the percent illuminated is 0; at First and Last Quarters it is 50%; and at Full Moon it is 100%. During the crescent phases the percent illuminated is between 0 and 50% and during gibbous phases it is between 50% and 100%.

See more about Moon Phases below.

MERIDIAN (PASSING THE MERIDIAN)

A meridian is a location’s longitude (a line that runs from the North Pole to the South Pole of Earth). When we use the word meridian, it’s usually referring to the moment that the Moon crosses or passes a location’s meridian; this marks the exact moment when the Moon reaches the highest position in the sky.

MOON ON EQUATOR

The Moon is on the celestial equator.

MOON RIDES HIGH/RUNS LOW

The Moon is highest above or farthest below the celestial equator.

MOONRISE AND MOONSET

When the Moon rises above or sets below the horizon. Specifically, it’s the moment that the upper edge of the Moon’s disk touches the horizon. Find your local Moon rise and set times.

MOON’S PHASES

The changing appearance of the Moon, caused by the different angles at which it is illuminated by the Sun. See our Moon Phase Calendar for local dates and times.

  • First Quarter: Right half of the Moon is illuminated.
  • Full: The Sun and the Moon are in op- position; the entire disk of the Moon is illuminated.
  • Last Quarter: Left half of the Moon is illuminated.
  • New: The Sun and the Moon are in conjunction; the Moon is darkened because it lines up between Earth and the Sun

MOON’S PLACE, ASTRONOMICAL

The position of the Moon within the constellations on the celestial sphere.

MOON’S PLACE, ASTROLOGICAL

The position of the Moon within the tropical zodiac, whose twelve 30° segments (signs) along the ecliptic were named more than 2,000 years ago after constellations within each area. Because of precession and other factors, the zodiac signs no longer match actual constellation positions.
You can purchase the Astrology Moon’s Place Calendar here.

OPPOSITION

The Moon or a planet appears on the opposite side of the sky from the Sun (elongation 180°).

PERIGEE (PERIG.)

The point in the Moon’s orbit that is closest to Earth.

 

Source: The Old Farmer’s Almanac

The Old Farmer’s Almanac for November 19th: NOVEMBER FULL BEAVER MOON

FULL MOON FOR NOVEMBER 2018

NOVEMBER FULL BEAVER MOON
In 2018, the Full Moon for November rises Thanksgiving night! Here’s all you need to know about the Full Beaver Moon (and how it got that name!), Moon phases, and best days.

MOON PHASES FOR NOVEMBER 2018

The full Moon crests on Friday, November 23 at 12:39 A.M. EST, which means that you will see the full Moon on Thursday night (November 22) in most time zones of North America. This also means that the full Moon occurs on Thanksgiving night!

Below are the Moon phase times (Eastern Time). Click here to see the Moon Phase dates and times for your location.

New Moon: November 7, 11:02 A.M. EST
First Quarter: November 15, 9:54 A.M. EST
Full Moon: November 23, 12:39 A.M. EST
Last Quarter: November 26, 7:19 P.M. EST

 

NOVEMBER FULL BEAVER MOON

November’s full Moon was called the Beaver Moon by both the Algonquin tribes and colonial Americans. The Native Americans used the monthly Moons and nature’s signs as a sort of calendar to track the seasons.

Why this name? Back then, this was the month to set beaver traps before the swamps froze, to ensure a supply of warm winter furs.

The November full Moon was also called the Full Frost Moon by other Native American tribes.

BEST DAYS IN NOVEMBER 2018

Below are the best days for certain activities, based on the Moon’s sign and phase in November.

For Harvesting:

  • Aboveground crops: 11, 12
  • Belowground crops: 2, 3, 29, 30

For Setting Eggs: 

  • 22, 23, 24

For Fishing:

  • 7-23

MOON FACTS

  • Did you know: The spin-time of the Moon on its own axis is identical to the time it takes the Moon to revolve around Earth, which is why the Moon always keeps almost exactly the same face toward us.
  • How much would you weigh on the Moon? Just multiply your weight (it doesn’t matter if it’s in pounds or kilograms) by 0.165. You’d weigh about 80 percent less!

 

Source: The Old Farmer’s Almanac

The Old Farmer’s Almanac for November 19: DAILY CALENDAR FOR NOVEMBER 19TH, 2018

DAILY CALENDAR FOR NOVEMBER 19TH, 2018

The Old Farmer’s Almanac daily calendar gives you quick reference for the significant events on any day throughout the year.

Every Year

  • DISCOVERY DAY (PUERTO RICO)

1490s

  • 1493: CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS FIRST SIGHTED WHAT IS NOW PUERTO RICO

1750s

  • BORN 1752: GEORGE ROGERS CLARK (MILITARY LEADER)

1790s

  • 1794: JAY’S TREATY BETWEEN THE U.S. AND GREAT BRITAIN SIGNED

1820s

  • DIED 1828: FRANZ SCHUBERT (COMPOSER)

1830s

  • BORN 1831: JAMES GARFIELD (20TH U.S. PRESIDENT)

1860s

  • 1863: PRESIDENT ABRAHAM LINCOLN DELIVERED THE GETTYSBURG ADDRESS

  • 1869: HUDSON BAY CO. CEDED TERRITORY TO CANADA

1870s

  • 1873: “BOSS” TWEED SENTENCED TO 12 YEARS IN PRISON, NEW YORK CITY

1880s

  • DIED 1887: EMMA LAZARUS (POET)

1890s

  • 1895: FREDERICK BLAISDELL WAS GRANTED A PATENT FOR A PAPER-WRAPPED PENCIL

1900s

  • BORN 1905: TOMMY DORSEY (MUSICIAN)

1920s

  • BORN 1921: ROY CAMPANELLA (BASEBALL PLAYER)

  • 1928: FIVE-YEAR OLD TIME MAGAZINE PRESENTED A COVER PORTRAIT FOR THE FIRST TIME

1930s

  • BORN 1933: LARRY KING (RADIO & TELEVISION PERSONALITY)

  • BORN 1936: DICK CAVETT (TALK SHOW HOST)

  • BORN 1938: TED TURNER (BUSINESSMAN)

1940s

  • BORN 1942: CALVIN KLEIN (FASHION DESIGNER)

1950s

  • BORN 1956: EILEEN COLLINS (ASTRONAUT)

  • 1957: LEONARD BERNSTEIN APPOINTED MUSIC DIRECTOR OF THE NEW YORK PHILHARMONIC

  • 1959: FORD MOTOR CO. DISCONTINUED THE EDSEL

1960s

  • BORN 1961: MEG RYAN (ACTRESS)

  • BORN 1962: JODIE FOSTER (ACTRESS)

  • 1969: PELE, BRAZILIAN SOCCER STAR, SCORES HIS 1000TH GOAL, AT MARACANA STADIUM, RIO DE JANIERO.

1970s

  • DIED 1976: SIR BASIL SPENCE (ARCHITECT)

1990s

  • 1999: JOHN CARPENTER BECAME THE FIRST CONTESTANT TO WIN $1,000,000 ON THE GAME SHOW WHO WANTS TO BE A MILLIONAIRE

2010s

  • DIED 2014: MIKE NICHOLS (DIRECTOR)

  • DIED 2017: DELLA REESE (SINGER AND ACTRESS)

 

Source: The Old Farmer’s Almanac

This Day in History for November 19: Prestige Oil Spill (2002)

Prestige Oil Spill (2002)

The Prestige oil spill occurred off the coast of Galicia, Spain, caused by the sinking of the 26 year old structurally deficient oil tanker MV Prestige in November 2002, carrying 77,000 tonnes of heavy fuel oil. During a storm, it burst a tank on November 13, and sank on November 19, 2002, about 130 miles (210 km) from the coast of Galicia. It is estimated that it spilled 17.8 million US gallons (420,000 bbl) (or a mass of 60,000 metric tonnes) of heavy fuel oil.[1] The spill polluted thousands of kilometers of coastline[2] and more than one thousand beaches on the Spanish, French and Portuguese coast, as well as causing great harm to the local fishing industry. The spill is the largest environmental disaster in the history of both Spain and Portugal. The amount of oil spilled was more than the Exxon Valdez incident and the toxicity considered higher, because of the higher water temperatures.

In 2007 the Southern District of New York dismissed a 2003 lawsuit by the Kingdom of Spain against the American Bureau of Shipping, the international classification society which had certified the Prestige as in compliance with rules and laws, because ABS was a “person” per the International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage and exempt from direct liability for pollution damage. The 2012 trial of the Galicia regional High Court did not find the merchant shipping company, nor the insurer, the London P&I Club nor any Spanish government official, but only the Captain of the ship guilty and gave him a nine-month suspended sentence for disobedience. By November 2017, the London P&I Club was fined to pay $1 billion.

Events

The Prestige was a 26-year-old

was a 26-year-old Greek-operated, single-hulled oil tanker, officially registered in the Bahamas, but with a Liberian-registered single-purpose corporation as the owner.

The ship had a deadweight tonnage, or carrying capacity, of approximately 81,000 tons, a measurement that put it at the small end of the Aframax class of tankers, smaller than most carriers of crude oil but larger than most carriers of refined products. It was classed by the American Bureau of Shippingand insured by the London Steam-Ship Owners’ Mutual Insurance Association, a shipowners’ mutual known as the London Club.

On November 13, 2002, the Prestige was carrying 77,000 metric tons of two different grades of heavy fuel oil, crude #4. It encountered a winter storm off Costa de la Muerte, the Coast of Death, in Galicia northwestern Spain. The Greek captain, Apostolos Mangouras, reported a loud bang from the starboard side and as the ship began to take on water from high waves the engines shut down and he called for help from Spanish rescue workers. The Filipino crew was evacuated with rescue helicopters and the ship drifted within four miles of the Spanish coast already leaking oil. A veteran captain, Serafin Diaz, was lowered onto the ship per the Spanish governments Industry Ministry, to navigate the ship off the Spanish coast northwest, and saw the gaping 50-foot hole on the starboard side. Mangouras argued the ship should be brought into port where the leaking oil might be confined but under the threat of the Spanish navy Mangouras relented. After pressure from the French government, the vessel was also forced to change its course and head south into Portuguese waters in order to avoid endangering France’s southern coast. Fearing for its own shore, the Portuguese authorities ordered its navy to intercept the ailing vessel and prevent it from approaching further.[1]

With the French, Spanish, and Portuguese governments refusing to allow the ship to dock, and after several days of sailing and towing, it split in half on November 19, 2002. It sank only about 250 kilometers or 130 miles from the Spanish coast, releasing over 17 million US gallons (64,000 m3) of oil into the sea. An earlier oil slick had already reached the coast. The captain of the Prestige was taken into custody, accused of not cooperating with marine salvage crews and of harming the environment.[1]

Leakage and environmental contamination

The Prestige oil spill is Spain’s worst ecological disaster.[3] After the sinking, the wreck continued to leak approximately 125 tons of oil a day, polluting the seabed and contaminating the coastline, especially along the territory of Galicia. The environmental damage was most severe on the coast of Galicia. The affected area is an important ecological region, supporting coral reefs and many species of sharks and birds, and the fishing industry. The heavy coastal pollution forced the region’s government to suspend offshore fishing for six months.[1]

Initially, the government thought just 17,000 tons of the tanker’s 77,000 tons of oil had been lost, and that the remaining 60,000 tons would freeze and not leak from the sunken tanker. In early 2003, it announced that half of the oil had been lost. As of August 2003, the figure had risen to about 63,000 tons, more than eighty percent of the tanker’s 77,000 tons of fuel oil have been spilled off Spain’s north-west coast.[4]

In March 2006, new oil slicks were detected near the wreck of the Prestige, slicks which investigators found to match the type of oil the Prestige carried. A study released in December 2006 led by José Luis De Pablos, a physicist at Madrid’s Center for Energetic and Environmental Research, concluded that 16,000 to 23,000 tons of oil remained in the wreck, as opposed to the 700 to 1300 tons claimed by the Spanish government; that bioremediation of the remaining oil failed; and that bacteria corroding the hull could soon produce a rupture and quickly release much of the remaining oil and create another catastrophic spill. The report urged the government to take “prompt” action.[5]

Experts[who?] predicted marine life could suffer from the pollution for at least ten years due to the type of oil spill, which contained light fractions with polyaromatic hydrocarbonsand could poison plankton, fish eggs and crustaceans with carcinogenic effects in fish and potentially humans as well.

Cleanup

In the subsequent months, thousands of volunteers joined the public company TRAGSA (the firm chosen by the regional government to deal with the cleanup) to help clean the affected coastline. The massive cleaning campaign was a success, recovering most portions of coastline from not only the effects of the oil spill but also the accumulated “regular” contamination. Galician activists founded the environmental movement Nunca Máis (Galician for Never Again), to denounce the passiveness of the conservative government regarding the disaster.A year after the spill, Galicia had more Blue Flags for its beaches (an award for those beaches with the highest standards in the European Union) than in the previous years.[citation needed]

In 2004, remotely operated vehicles (ROVs) like the one which originally explored the wreck of the RMS Titanic drilled small holes in the wreck and removed the remaining 13,000 m³ of cargo oil from the wreck, at 4000 meters below the sea surface. The ROVs also sealed cracks in the tanker’s hull, and slowed the leakage to a trickle of 20 litres a day. In total, 20 million US gallons (76,000 m3) of oil were spilled.[citation needed] The oil was then pumped into large aluminium shuttles, specially manufactured for this salvage operation. The filled shuttles were then floated to the surface. The original plan to fill large bags with the oil proved to be too problematic and slow. After the oil removal was completed, a slurry rich in microbiologic agents was pumped in the hold to speed up the breakdown of any remaining oil. The total estimated cost of the operation was over €100 million.[citation needed]

Aftermath

Investigation

The massive environmental and financial costs of the spill resulted in an inquiry into how a structurally deficient ship was able to travel out to sea. The Prestige had set sail from St. Petersburg, Russia, without being properly inspected. It traveled to the Atlantic via the shallow and vulnerable Baltic Sea. A previous captain in St. Petersburg, Esfraitos Kostazos, who complained to the owners about numerous structural deficiencies within the ship was rebuffed, later resigned in protest, and rather than repairing the defects, he was replaced with Mangouras.[1]

The ownership of the Prestige was unclear, making it difficult to determine exactly who was responsible for the oil spill and exposing the difficulties in regulations posed by flags of convenience.[1]

Spanish investigators found that the failure in the hull of the Prestige had been predicted already: her two sister ships, Alexandros and Centaur, had been submitted to extensive inspections under the “Safe Hull” program in 1996. The organization in charge of the inspections, the American Bureau of Shipping, found that both Alexandros and Centaur were in terminal decline. Due to metal fatigue in their hulls, modeling predicted that both ships would fail between frames 61 and 71 within five years. AlexandrosCentaur and a third sister-ship, Apanemo, were scrapped between 1999 and 2002. Little more than five years after the inspection, Prestige‘s hull failed between frames 61 and 71.[6]

The Spanish government was criticized for its decision to tow the ailing wreck out to sea — where it split in two — rather than in to a port. The refusal to allow the ship to take refuge in a sheltered port has been called a major contributing factor to the scale of the disaster.[3] World Wildlife Fund’s senior policy officer for shipping Simon Walmsley believed most of the blame lay with the classification society. “It was reported as being substandard at one of the ports it visited before Spain. The whole inspection regime needs to be revamped and double-hulled tankers used instead,” he said. The US and most other countries were planning to phase out single-hulled tankers by 2012.[4]

Cleanup cost

A report by the Galicia-based Barrie de la Maza economic institute in 2003 criticised the Spanish government’s handling of the catastrophe. It estimated the cost of the clean-up to the Galician coast alone at €2.5 billion.[4]

The 2013 court ruling put the cost of the disaster at 368 million euros ($494 million) to the Spanish state, 145 million euros to the Spanish region of Galicia and 68 million euros to France.[dead link][7] The clean-up of the Exxon Valdez cost US$3 billion (almost €2.2 billion).

Since the disaster, oil tankers similar to the Prestige have been directed away from the French and Spanish coastlines. The European Commissioner for Transport at the time, Spaniard Loyola de Palacio, pushed for the ban of single-hulled tankers.

Legal consequences

The immediate legal consequence of the disaster was the arrest of the captain, Captain Mangouras. Captain Mangouras sought refuge for his seriously damaged vessel in a Spanish port. The acceptance of such a request has deep historic roots. Spain refused and launched the criminal charges against Mangouras that he refused to comply immediately with the Spanish demand to restart the engines and steam offshore. Bringing the ship into port and booming around her to contain the leaking oil would have been less harmful than sending her back to sea and almost inevitable sinking.[8]

In May 2003, the Kingdom of Spain brought civil suit in the Southern District of New York against the American Bureau of Shipping (ABS), the Houston-based international classification society which had certified the “Prestige” as “in class” for its final voyage. The “in class” status states that the vessel is in compliance with all applicable rules and laws, not that it is or is not safe. For the world maritime industry, a key issue raised by the incident was whether classification societies could be held responsible for the consequences. International maritime trade publications including TradeWinds, Fairplay and Lloyd’s List regularly presented the dispute as a possibly precedent-setting one which could prove fateful for international classification societies, whose assets are dwarfed by the scale of claims to which they could become subject. On 2 January 2007, the docket in that lawsuit (SDNY 03-cv-03573) was dismissed. The presiding judge ruled that ABS is a “person” as defined by the International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage (CLC) and, as such, is exempt from direct liability for pollution damage. Additionally, the Judge ruled that, since the United States was not a signatory to the International CLC, the US Courts lack the necessary jurisdiction to adjudicate the case. Spain’s original damage claim against ABS was some $700 million.[citation needed]

The Galicia regional High Court set the Prestige oil spill trial date for October 16, 2012, against officers, the insurer London Club, International Fund for Compensation for Oil Pollution Damage, the ship’s owner, Liberia-based Mare Shipping Inc with its director general. The harbor master of A Coruña at the time, Ángel del Real, and a Galician government delegate, Arsenio Fernández de Mesa, had also been charged with “aggravating the disaster by ignoring technical advice”.[3] the hearing began on 16 June 2012 and expected to adjourn in November, the tenth anniversary of the disaster. The trial was held in a specially constructed courtroom in A Coruña’s exhibition complex. It considered evidence from 133 witnesses and 98 experts.[3][2] Plaintiffs asked the Greek captain to be sentenced up 12 years, and demanded more than 4 billion euros ($5.0 billion) in damages overall.[9]

In November 2013, the three Galicia High Court judges concluded, it was impossible to establish criminal responsibility, and Captain Apostolos Mangouras, Chief Engineer Nikolaos Argyropoulos and the former head of Spain’s Merchant Navy, Jose Luis Lopez, were found not guilty of crimes against the environment. The captain was however accused of disobeying government authorities who wanted the tanker as far from the coast as possible. According to the court, that decision was correct and Mangouras, 78 at the time, was found guilty of disobedience and given a nine-month suspended sentence.[10] The Spanish government decided to launch an appeal to the ruling against the exemption from civil liability of the captain.[11]

On 26 January 2016, Spain’s Supreme Court convicted Captain Mangouras of recklessness resulting in catastrophic environmental damage, and sentenced him to two years in prison.[12] On 15 November 2017, London Club was ordered to pay a $1 billion fine over the oil spill.[13]

See also

References[edit]

  1. Jump up to:a b c d e f Frontline/World Spain, the Lawless Sea PBS, January 2004, retrieved November 14, 2013
  2. Jump up to:a b “Spain Prestige oil spill disaster case in court”BBC News. 16 October 2012. Retrieved 2016-02-04.
  3. Jump up to:a b c d Prestige oil spill trial date set 10 years after Galicia coast blighted El País, 21 June 2012
  4. Jump up to:a b c d Gaia Vince Prestige oil spill far worse than thought New Scientist, August 27, 2003
  5. Jump up^ Science, Vol. 314, December 22, 2006, p. 1861.
  6. Jump up^ Mercado, Francisco, “El fallo estructural que hundió al ‘Prestige’ era conocido desde 1996” El Pais, June 9, 2008, retrieved June 9, 2008
  7. Jump up^ AFP, 21 November 2013
  8. Jump up^ “Monitoring | Media reports | Press condemns tanker disaster”. BBC News. 2002-11-20. Retrieved 2014-07-15.
  9. Jump up^ Trial over Spain Prestige oil disaster ends. Phys.org July 10, 2013
  10. Jump up^ Reuters Spain Court Clears Captain, Merchant Navy in Prestige Oil Spill RigZone, 13 November 2013
  11. Jump up^ Spain to appeal for damages over Prestige oil spill Phys.org, Science X network, November 18, 2013
  12. Jump up^ Reuters (28 January 2016). “Captain of sunken prestige oil tanker sentenced to prison over 2002 wreck”shipsandports.com.ng. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
  13. Jump up^ “British insurer faces $1B fine for Prestige oil spill”upi.com. United Press International, Inc. 15 November 2017. Retrieved 16 November 2017.

External links[edit]

Inspiration for the Day – Listening to Our Bodies

 

 

Listening to Our Bodies

by Madisyn Taylor

Your body has all the answers to restore itself to the best it can be.

When our body, mind, and spirit are in balance, we experience good health. But sometimes we get caught up in life’s parade of change and movement, and things get out of balance. Just as there are seasons in nature, our bodies go through times of cleansing and times of activity. Illness is one way our bodies restore the balance they seek, as it cleanses the buildup of unwanted manifestations of negative energy in our system. When we are not feeling our best, we can go beyond addressing the physical symptoms to listen to our bodies as they tell us the changes needed to restore balance.

Our bodies give us signals, but if we don’t listen when they tell us that they are tired or stressed, then the imbalance increases and a stronger message is required, one that is generally expressed by illness or dis-ease. The first step to regaining equilibrium involves slowing down, eating healthy food, getting more rest, and taking soothing remedies. Once we have nurtured ourselves with these things, we can begin to examine our illness for the message. A heavy head may be a sign that we have been thinking negatively, harboring anger, resentment, or guilt. A sore throat may be telling us that we have been speaking without integrity–gossip, insults, twisting the truth, or even speaking ill of ourselves–which can knock us off balance. A sore throat and swollen glands can also mean you are cleansing and processing some powerful emotions at present. Stomach problems could mean that we are having trouble accepting or “digesting” something. Only you have the knowledge of your thoughts and choices that will allow you to decipher the messages from your body. All it takes is time and attention.

When we take the time to listen to our bodies, we can learn how to restore our balance and improve our lives. By honoring the messages of our bodies, we can turn a time of illness into a constructive time of restoration, healing, and revitalization.

 

Source: Daily OM

The Daily Horoscopes for Monday, November 19th

 

The Daily Horoscopes for Monday, November 19th

Claire Petulengro, Astrologer

From The Astrology Room

 

ARIES (March 21st-April 20th)
The very problems you were ready to give up on yesterday are the ones which you can solve today. Try not to walk to the beat of others, or you will only go off course from where you were this time last month. Stick to your dreams if you really want them to become a reality.

TAURUS (April 21st-May 21st)
There is a new and improved air of confidence about you, which is sure to make you the sign that the rest of the zodiac are talking about. Careful about encouraging those who you know will be a bad influence on you. Remember what happened in September Taurus?

GEMINI (May 22nd-June 21st)
They may have been gone for a while now, but since a certain person left your life, I can see that it has taken you until now to realise it and to work out what it means to both your short term and your long term future.

CANCER (June 22nd-July 23rd)
Don’t play games in love as a certain person has had as much as they can take of your mixed signals and could end up throwing the towel in if you are not careful. Friends could also turn into lovers for those of you who have already been stirred by a friendly face.

LEO (July 24th-August 23rd)
Don’t let the problems which are occurring in the workplace cross over into your home life, or you will only end up stuck and frustrated (not to mention lonely). You would be far better to use today to work on some peace-making projects you can begin, don’t you think?

VIRGO (August 24th-September 23rd)
You’re on a mission to sort something out which has been bugging you for a really long time now. Try to trust your own judgment instead of rushing to dance to the beat others set. Geminis link to a change in work which will soon be obvious you need to make.

LIBRA (September 24th-October 23rd)
Try not to judge others when they have their opinion, as I see and you don’t yet, that you can’t possibly have all the facts you need to make an educated guess on what should happen next.

SCORPIO (October 24th-November 22nd)
An overload of information is making it too difficult for you to make what could potentially be the most important decision of your life. Knowing how far is too far to go is half the battle you will face.

SAGITTARIUS (November 23rd-December 21st)
Be nice in business this week, as it really can make all the difference between you getting what you want and what others think is more suited to you. Never were you a sign to revolt from a challenge, so do what you do best and rise like a phoenix from the flames.

CAPRICORN (December 22nd-January 20th)
Do you really know what you are doing in business at this time, or are you simply winging it Capricorn? I don’t think you really know, do you? Just try to remember that in order to be true to those around, you also have to be true to yourself. Beginning now!

AQUARIUS (January 21st-February 19th)
Be yourself Aquarius. Didn’t you know that the world worships an original. Knowing how far others will go for you in personal affairs really is half the battle this week. Make sure you are true to who you are. It’s what can and will make your life amazing.

PISCES (February 20th-March 20th)
You think that you can’t talk to a close one about what is going on, but you are wrong. The very thing they want from you is for you to open up so that they can be involved in all you are thinking and doing. Dressing well gives you the confidence to knock on new doors.

 

For Claire’s in-depth horoscope for this week, call 0905 072 0237
Calls cost 77p/min from a BT landline

To book a private tarot, horoscope or clairvoyant reading with Claire over the telephone, click here.
Phone consultations cost UK£55, US$83 for 20mins, UK£90, US$135 for 40mins.

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Epic of Ishtar and Izdubar: Ishtar and Her Maids in the Favorite Haunt of Izdubar (Part 5); Assyrian

The king while hunting where a forest grows,
Around sweet hyacinths and budding rose,
Where a soft zephyr o’er them gently flows
From the dark “sik-ka-ti”[1] where Kharsak[2] glows;
And Sedu[3] softly dances on the leaves,
And a rich odorous breath from them receives;
Where tulips peep with heliotrope and pink,
With violets upon a gleaming brink
Of silver gliding o’er a water-fall
That sings its purling treasures o’er a wall
Of rugged onyx sparkling to the sea:
A spot where Zir-ri[4] sport oft merrily,
Where Hea’s[5] arm outstretched doth form a bay,
Wild, sheltered, where his sea-daughters play;
A jasper rock here peeps above the waves
Of emerald hue; with them its summit laves.

Around, above, this cool enchanting cove
Bend amorous, spicy branches; here the dove
Oft coos its sweetest notes to its own mate,
And fragrance pure, divine, the air doth freight,
To sport with gods no lovelier place is found,
With love alone the mystic woods resound.

Here witching Zi-na-ki[6] oft drag within
The waves unwilling Zi-si;[7] here the din
Of roars of sullen storms is never known
When tempests make the mighty waters groan;
Nor sound of strife is heard, but rippling rills,
Or softest note of love, the breezes fills.

And here the king in blissful dreams oft lies
‘Mid pure ambrosial odors, and light flies
The tune in bliss; away from kingly care,
And hollow splendor of the courtly glare;
Away from triumphs, battle-fields afar,
The favorite haunt of huntsman Izdubar.

The Queen of Love the glowing spot surveys,
And sees the monarch where he blissful lays;
And watching till he takes his bow and spear
To chase the wild gazelles now browsing near,
She, ere the king returns, near by arrives
With her two maids; with them for love connives,
Joy and seduction thus voluptuous fly
Her Samkhatu,[8] Kharimtu[9] from the sky,
As gently, lightly as a spirit’s wing
Oft carries gods to earth while Sedu sing.
Thus, they, with lightest step, expectant stood
Within this lovely spot beneath the wood.

Their snowy limbs they bare, undraped now stand
Upon the rock at Ishtar’s soft command.
Like marble forms endued with life they move,
And thrill the air with welcome notes of love.
The “its-tu-ri Same mut-tab-ri”[10] sang
Their sweetest notes, and the “Khar-san-u”[11] rang
With songs of thrushes, turtle-doves and jays,
And linnets, with the nightingale’s sweet lays,
Goldfinches, magpies and the wild hoopoes;
With cries of green-plumed parrots and cuckoos,
Pee-wits and sparrows join the piercing cries
Of gorgeous herons, while now upward flies
The eagle screaming, joyful spreads his wings
Above the forest; and the woodchuck rings
A wild tattoo upon the trees around;
And humming-birds whirr o’er the flowering ground
In flocks, and beat the luscious laden air
With emerald and gold, and scarlet, where
These perfect forms with godly grace divine,
In loveliness upon the rock recline.
Sweet joy is slender formed, with bright black eyes
That sparkle oft and dance with joy’s surprise;
Seduction, with her rare voluptuous form,
Enchanteth all till wildest passions warm
The blood and fire the eye beneath her charm;
All hearts in heaven and earth she doth disarm.
The Queen with every perfect charm displayed
Delights the eye, and fills the heart, dismayed
With fear, lest the bright phantom may dissolve
To airy nothingness, till fierce resolve
Fills each who her beholds, while love doth dart
From liquid eyes and captivates the heart.
She is the queen who fills the earth with love
And reigns unrivalled in her realms above.

Beware, ye hearts! beware! who feel the snare
Of Ishtar, lest ye tread upon the air;
When ye her rosy chain of fragrance wear,
When blindness strikes the eye, and deaf the ear
Becomes, and heartstrings only lead you then,
Till ye return to common sense again;
Enthralled mayhap and captive led in chains,
Ye then will leisure have to bear your pains;
Or if perchance a joy hath come to thee,
Through all thy joyous life, then happy be!

[Footnote 1: “Sik-ka-ti,” narrow mountain gorges.]—-[Footnote 2: “Khar-sak,” the Deluge mountain, where the ark rested.]—-[Footnote 3: “Se-du,” a spirit of the earth, and rivers.]—-[Footnote 4: “Zir-ri,” the spirits of the rivers, water-nymphs.]—-[Footnote 5: “Hea,” the god of the ocean.]—-[Footnote 6: “Zi-na-ki,” pronounced “zee-na-kee,” spirits of purity.]—-[Footnote 7: “Zi-si,” corn-gods, or spirits of the corn.]—-[Footnote 8: “Sam-kha-tu,” one of the maids of Ishtar, “Joy.”]—-[Footnote 9: “Kha-rima-tu,” one of the maids of Ishtar, “Seduction.”]—-[Footnote 10: “Its-tu-ri Same mut-tab ri,” “the winged birds of heaven.”]—-[Footnote 11: “Khar-san-u,” forest.]

THE COMMENTARY GAZETTE®

SOURCE: Babylonian and Assyrian Literature, (Alc-1, Tab-1, Col-5) (1901); Translated by Leonidas Le Cenci Hamilton, M.A.
CONTRIBUTOR: John Hague