Today’s Extra: Anger’s Surprising Upside

Anger’s Surprising Upside

Sometimes, a burst of anger can be productive and have health benefits.

Anger is usually considered a negative emotion — something that needs to be restrained or at least “managed.” Our aversion to anger makes sense. Persistent rage can take a toll on our mind and body, and on our relationships: Studies link chronic anger to depression, back pain, sexual dysfunction, and more; other studies find fiery outbursts can spark heart attacks and strokes.

All anger is not equal, however. There are destructive and productive forms of anger.

Anger-management expert John Schinnerer, PhD, who served as the psychological consultant for the animated Pixar film Inside Out, differentiates chronic irritability — a long-term outlook characterized by perceiving the world through a hostile, persecutory lens — and the momentary angry response, which we all exhibit from time to time.

Anger of the flash-in-the-pan variety is not only normal; it has some real benefits.

That burst of anger triggers a battery of physiological responses, including increased heart rate and blood pressure, which are crucial to keeping ourselves and our loved ones safe. If we learn that our child is being bullied or we catch a pickpocket snagging our wallet, reacting with anger can be both adaptive and productive.

Anger is helpful not just in moments of duress but also in the broader scheme of our relationships. For one thing, exasperation may compel us to say how we feel instead of bottling it in. And when we express those feelings respectfully (think taking a deep breath, saying our piece, then listening to what the other person has to say), our anger is helping to promote growth and change and may even contribute to a longer life.

Asserting anger productively requires some back and forth, but if we do it calmly and assertively, says Schinnerer, “it helps us speak up for what we need and let others know when our boundaries are being violated.”

Anger also deserves credit for providing a proverbial kick in the butt, especially in comparison to the paralyzing effect of other negative emotions.

Take sadness. Feeling blue generally leads us to view life through what psychologists call an “external locus of control,” or a belief that good or bad things occur because of factors beyond our control. Anger does the opposite, corresponding with an “internal locus of control” — the belief that we have a say in what happens to us.

“Being mad can [also] be good for society; it motivates us to work toward positive change,” notes Schinnerer. “Things like #MeToo or the civil rights movement wouldn’t exist without anger.”

Still, it’s important to distinguish between anger as an impetus for positive change and anger as a catalyst for heart disease, damaged relationships, or a fist-size hole in the wall.

To differentiate between normal, healthy anger and chronic irritability, Schinnerer encourages us to consider three elements of our anger:

  • Duration, or how long the emotion lasts.
  • Frequency, or how often it happens.
  • Intensity, or how strongly you experience it.

Intensity is especially important, explains Schinnerer, because it helps us think about anger in context.

“There’s a difference between being intensely angry about something like racial injustice or sexual harassment and flying off the handle every time you get caught in traffic. One way to maintain perspective is to ask yourself, ‘Will this matter in five years?’”

Ultimately, the key to using anger productively rather than destructively lies in being mindful of our feelings and finding a healthy way to release them before they get too big. Schinnerer encourages us to cultivate a habit of rating our anger as it arises, using a scale of 1 to 10.

“I tell clients to express themselves before they reach a 5. That way they speak up for what they need while they’re still relatively calm.”

When we channel our frustration instead of letting it fester, we can turn what seems like a negative emotion into something powerful and productive. Sometimes that may not amount to much more than a sternly worded email to customer service, but as long as we get it out somehow there’s no reason to fear angry feelings.

“It’s not about anger being good or bad,” explains Schinnerer. “It’s what you do with it that matters.”

PRODUCTIVE OR DESTRUCTIVE ANGER: FIVE WAYS TO TELL

  1. How does your anger affect others? Productive anger leads to positive outcomes like compromise, empathy, even intimacy. Destructive anger leads to others feeling afraid, disrespected, or hurt.
  2. On an anger scale of 1 to 10, can you differentiate between level 2 and level 9? This requires cultivating awareness around how anger feels in your body at every stage. (For instance, at a low level, your teeth might clench; at a medium level, your hands might shake; at a high level, it might be difficult to breathe).
  3. Do you consistently wait until you’re at a 5 (or higher) before you say how you feel? If you frequently let yourself stew — or stew then spew — your anger is likely more destructive than productive.
  4. Do you frequently blame others for your angry feelings — or the consequences? Anger can be empowering, but only if you take ownership of it.
  5. Do you accept anger as a natural, human emotion or do you push it away? If you feel ashamed of yourself every time you experience anger, you’re more likely to shut out the underlying messages your anger is trying to communicate (That isn’t fair! This doesn’t feel right!)

by Alexandra Smith, LPCC

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Today’s Holiday: Natchitoches Christmas Festival

Natchitoches Christmas Festival

Late November through New Year’s Eve

Named after a Native American tribe, Natchitoches (pronounced Nack-a-tish ) is the oldest permanent settlement in theLouisiana Purchase Territory. It is also home to one of the oldest community-based holiday celebrations in the country. Since1927, both townspeople and visitors have made the festival a fixture in their holiday routine.
The Natchitoches Christmas Festival keeps families entertained for over six weeks. The Festival of Lights, held the weekendbefore Thanksgiving, opens the season with a brilliant display of Christmas lights in the Downtown Historic District.Natchitoches coordinates with Shreveport-Bossier City, Louisiana, and six Texas cities to join together a Trail of Lights thatstretches between all the municipalities.
The Christmas Festival, which draws more than 100,000 people, is the premier event of the festival season. The ChristmasFestival is observed with a parade, an assortment of river bank booths, arts and crafts, and a traditional fireworks show overCane River Lake. The fireworks tradition dates as far back as the late 1930s.
The festivities continue up until the New Year’s Eve celebration, with guided tours of holiday homes, nightly excursions bystreetcar or carriages, and additional fireworks shows that are held each Saturday evening.
CONTACTS:
Natchitoches Convention and Visitor’s Bureau
781 Front St.
Natchitoches, LA 71457
800-259-1714; fax: 318-352-2415
http://www.christmasfestival.com

This Day In History for December 1: The Taman Shud Case

The Taman Shud Case: Mystery Man Found Dead on Somerton Beach

The Tamam Shud case, also known as the Mystery of the Somerton Man, is an unsolved case of an unidentified man found dead at 6:30 am, 1 December 1948, on Somerton beach, Glenelg, just south of Adelaide, South Australia. It is named after the Persian phrase tamám shud, meaning “ended” or “finished”, printed on a scrap of paper found months later in the fob pocket of the man’s trousers. The scrap had been torn from the final page of a copy of Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam, authored by 12th-century poet Omar Khayyám. Tamam was misspelt as Taman in many early reports and this error has often been repeated, leading to confusion about the name in the media.[note 1]

Following a public appeal by police, the book from which the page had been torn was located. On the inside back cover, detectives were able to read – in indentations from handwriting – a local telephone number, another unidentified number and a text that resembled an encrypted message. The text has not been deciphered or interpreted in a way that satisfies authorities on the case.

The case has been considered, since the early stages of the police investigation, “one of Australia’s most profound mysteries”.[2]There has been intense speculation ever since regarding the identity of the victim, the cause of his death and the events leading up to it. Public interest in the case remains significant for several reasons: the death occurred at a time of heightened international tensions following the beginning of the Cold War; the apparent involvement of a secret code; the possible use of an undetectable poison; and the inability of authorities to identify the dead man.

In addition to intense public interest in Australia during the late 1940s and early 1950s, the Tamam Shud case also attracted international attention. South Australian Police consulted their counterparts overseas and distributed information about the dead man internationally, in an effort to identify him.[3] International circulation of a photograph of the man and details of his fingerprints yielded no positive identification.[4] For example, in the United States, the FBI was unable to match the dead man’s fingerprint with prints taken from files of domestic criminals. Scotland Yard was also asked to assist with the case, but could not offer any insights.[5]

In recent years new evidence has emerged, including an old identification card possibly identifying the Somerton Man as one H. C. Reynolds[6] and an ongoing DNA analysis of hair roots found on the plaster bust.[7]

Discovery of body

On 1 December 1948 at 6:30 am, the police were contacted after the body of a man was discovered on Somerton beach near Glenelg, about 11 kilometres (6.8 mi) southwest of Adelaide, South Australia. The man was found lying in the sand across from the Crippled Children’s Home, which was on the corner of The Esplanade and Bickford Terrace.[8] He was lying back with his head resting against the seawall, with his legs extended and his feet crossed. It was believed he had died while sleeping.[9] An unlit cigarette was on the right collar of his coat.[10] A search of his pockets revealed an unused second-class rail ticket from Adelaide to Henley Beach, a bus ticket from the city that could not be proved to have been used, a narrow aluminium American comb, a half-empty packet of Juicy Fruitchewing gum, an Army Club cigarette packet containing seven cigarettes of a different brand, and a quarter-full box of Bryant & May matches.[11]

Witnesses who came forward said that on the evening of 30 November, they had seen an individual resembling the dead man lying on his back in the same spot and position near the Crippled Children’s Home where the corpse was later found.[10][12] A couple who saw him at around 7 pm noted that they saw him extend his right arm to its fullest extent and then drop it limply. Another couple who saw him from 7:30 pm to 8 pm, during which time the street lights had come on, recounted that they did not see him move during the half an hour in which he was in view, although they did have the impression that his position had changed. Although they commented between themselves that he must be dead because he was not reacting to the mosquitoes, they had thought it more likely that he was drunk or asleep, and thus did not investigate further. One of the witnesses told the police she observed a man looking down at the sleeping man from the top of the steps that lead to the beach.[4][13] Witnesses said the body was in the same position when the police viewed it.[14]

Another witness came forward in 1959 and reported to the police that he and three others had seen a well-dressed man carrying another man on his shoulders along Somerton Beach the night before the body was found. A police report was made by Detective Don O’Doherty.[15]

According to the pathologist, John Burton Cleland, the man was of “Britisher” appearance and thought to be aged about 40–45; he was in “top physical condition”.[16] He was “180 centimetres (5 ft 11 in) tall, with grey eyes, fair to ginger-coloured hair,[17] slightly grey around the temples,[9] with broad shoulders and a narrow waist, hands and nails that showed no signs of manual labour, big and little toes that met in a wedge shape, like those of a dancer or someone who wore boots with pointed toes; and pronounced high calf muscles consistent with people who regularly wore boots or shoes with high heels or performed ballet.[18] He was dressed in a white shirt; a red, white and blue tie; brown trousers; socks and shoes; a brown knitted pullover and fashionable grey and brown double-breasted jacket of reportedly “American” tailoring.[19] All labels on his clothes had been removed,[17][20] and he had no hat (unusual for 1948) or wallet.[9] The body was clean-shaven and[9] carried no identification, which led police to believe he had committed suicide.[21] His teeth did not match the dental records of any known living person.[22] Coroner Cleland remarked that if the body had been carried to its final resting place then “all the difficulties would disappear”.[15]

An autopsy was conducted, and the pathologist estimated the time of death at around 2 a.m. on 1 December.[16]

The heart was of normal size, and normal in every way …small vessels not commonly observed in the brain were easily discernible with congestion. There was congestion of the pharynx, and the gullet was covered with whitening of superficial layers of the mucosa with a patch of ulceration in the middle of it. The stomach was deeply congested… There was congestion in the second half of the duodenum. There was blood mixed with the food in the stomach. Both kidneys were congested, and the liver contained a great excess of blood in its vessels. …The spleen was strikingly large … about 3 times normal size … there was destruction of the centre of the liver lobules revealed under the microscope. … acute gastritis hemorrhage, extensive congestion of the liver and spleen, and the congestion to the brain.

The autopsy showed that the man’s last meal was a pasty eaten three to four hours before death,[10] but tests failed to reveal any foreign substance in the body. The pathologist Dr. Dwyer concluded: “I am quite convinced the death could not have been natural … the poison I suggested was a barbiturate or a soluble hypnotic”. Although poisoning remained a prime suspicion, the pasty was not believed to be the source of the poison.[4] Other than that, the coroner was unable to reach a conclusion as to the man’s identity, cause of death, or whether the man seen alive at Somerton Beach on the evening of 30 November was the same man, as nobody had seen his face at that time.[19] The body was then embalmed on 10 December 1948 after the police were unable to get a positive identification. The police said this was the first time they knew that such action was needed.[23]

Discovery of suitcase

On 14 January 1949, staff at the Adelaide railway station discovered a brown suitcase with its label removed, which had been checked into the station cloakroom after 11:00 a.m. on 30 November 1948.[24] It was believed that the suitcase was owned by the man found on the beach. In the case were a red checked dressing gown; a size-seven, red felt pair of slippers; four pairs of underpants; pyjamas; shaving items; a light brown pair of trousers with sand in the cuffs; an electrician’s screwdriver; a table knife cut down into a short sharp instrument; a pair of scissors with sharpened points; a small square of zinc thought to have been used as a protective sheath for the knife and scissors and a stencillingbrush, as used by third officers on merchant ships for stencilling cargo.[25]

Also in the suitcase was a thread card of Barbour brand orange waxed thread of “an unusual type” not available in Australia—it was the same as that used to repair the lining in a pocket of the trousers the dead man was wearing.[25] All identification marks on the clothes had been removed but police found the name “T. Keane” on a tie, “Keane” on a laundry bag and “Kean” (without the last e) on a singlet, along with three dry-cleaning marks; 1171/7, 4393/7 and 3053/7.[26][27] Police believed that whoever removed the clothing tags either overlooked these three items or purposely left the “Keane” tags on the clothes, knowing Keane was not the dead man’s name.[25] With wartime rationing still enforced, clothing was difficult to acquire at that time. Although it was a very common practice to use name tags, it was also common when buying secondhand clothing to remove the tags of the previous owner/s. What was unusual was that there were no spare socks found in the case, and no correspondence, despite that the police found pencils and unused letter stationery.

A search concluded that there was no T. Keane missing in any English-speaking country[28] and a nationwide circulation of the dry-cleaning marks also proved fruitless. In fact, all that could be garnered from the suitcase was that the front gusset and featherstitching on a coat found in the case indicated it had been manufactured in the United States. The coat had not been imported, indicating the man had been to the United States or bought the coat from someone of similar size who had been.[17][29]

Police checked incoming train records and believed the man had arrived at the Adelaide railway station by overnight train from either Melbourne,[30] Sydney or Port Augusta.[4]They speculated he had showered and shaved at the adjacent City Baths (there was no Baths ticket on his body) before returning to the train station to purchase a ticket for the 10:50 a.m. train to Henley Beach, which, for whatever reason, he missed or did not catch.[25] He immediately checked his suitcase at the station cloak room before leaving the station and catching a city bus to Glenelg.[31] Although named the City Baths, the centre was not a public bathing facility but a public swimming pool. The railway station bathing facilities were adjacent to the station cloak room, which itself was adjacent to the station’s southern exit onto North Terrace. The City Baths on King William St. were accessed from the station’s northern exit via a lane way.[11][32] There is no record of the station’s bathroom facilities being unavailable on the day he arrived.

Inquest

An inquest into the death, conducted by coroner Thomas Erskine Cleland, commenced a few days after the body was found but was adjourned until 17 June 1949.[33] The investigating pathologist John Burton Cleland re-examined the body and made a number of discoveries. Cleland noted that the man’s shoes were remarkably clean and appeared to have been recently polished, rather than being in the state expected of the shoes of a man who had apparently been wandering around Glenelg all day.[5] He added that this evidence fitted in with the theory that the body might have been brought to Somerton beach after the man’s death, accounting for the lack of evidence of vomiting and convulsions, which are the two main effects of poison.[5]

Thomas Cleland speculated that as none of the witnesses could positively identify the man they saw the previous night as being the same person discovered the next morning, there remained the possibility the man had died elsewhere and had been dumped. He stressed that this was purely speculation as all the witnesses believed it was “definitely the same person” as the body was in the same place and lying in the same distinctive position. He also found there was no evidence as to who the deceased was.[34]

Cedric Stanton Hicks, Professor of physiology and pharmacology at the University of Adelaide, testified that of a group of drugs, variants of a drug in that group he called “number 1” and in particular “number 2” were extremely toxic in a relatively small oral dose that would be extremely difficult if not impossible to identify even if it had been suspected in the first instance. He gave the coroner a piece of paper with the names of the two drugs which was entered as Exhibit C.18.[8] The names were not released to the public until the 1980s as at the time they were “quite easily procurable by the ordinary individual” from a chemist without the need to give a reason for the purchase. (The drugs were later publicly identified as digitalis and ouabain, both of which are cardenolide-type cardiac glycosides). He noted the only “fact” not found in relation to the body was evidence of vomiting. He then stated its absence was not unknown but that he could not make a “frank conclusion” without it. Hicks stated that if death had occurred seven hours after the man was last seen to move, it would imply a massive dose that could still have been undetectable. It was noted that the movement seen by witnesses at 7 p.m. could have been the last convulsion preceding death.[35]

Early in the inquiry, Cleland stated “I would be prepared to find that he died from poison, that the poison was probably a glucoside and that it was not accidentally administered; but I cannot say whether it was administered by the deceased himself or by some other person.”[34] Despite these findings, he could not determine the cause of death of the Somerton Man,[36] and after the inquest, a plaster cast was made of the man’s head and shoulders.[33] The lack of success in determining the identity and cause of death of the Somerton Man had led authorities to call it an “unparalleled mystery” and believe that the cause of death might never be known.[28]

Connection to the Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam

Around the same time as the inquest, a tiny piece of rolled-up paper with the words “Tamam Shud” printed on it was found in a fob pocket sewn within the dead man’s trouser pocket.[37] Public library officials called in to translate the text identified it as a phrase meaning “ended” or “finished” found on the last page of the Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam.[37] The paper’s verso side was blank. Police conducted an Australia-wide search to find a copy of the book that had a similarly blank verso. A photograph of the scrap of paper was released to the press.[37]

Following a public appeal by police, the copy of the Rubaiyat from which the page had been torn was located. A man showed police a 1941 edition of Edward FitzGerald’s (1859) translation of the Rubaiyat, published by Whitcombe and Tombs in Christchurch, New Zealand.[note 2] Detective Sergeant Lionel Leane, who led the initial investigation, often protected the privacy of witnesses in public statements by using pseudonyms;[15] Leane referred to the man who found the book by the pseudonym “Ronald Francis” and he has never been officially identified.[15] “Francis” had not considered that the book might be connected to the case until he had seen an article in the previous day’s newspaper. On the inside back cover of the book, detectives identified indentations from handwriting. These included a telephone number, an unidentified number, and a text that resembled an encrypted message. According to statements by police, the book was found in the rear footwell of a car, at about the same time that the body of the unidentified man had been found.

There is some uncertainty about the circumstances under which the book was found. One newspaper article refers to the book being found about a week or two before the body was found.[39] Former South Australian Police detective Gerry Feltus (who dealt with the matter as a cold case), reports that the book was found “just after that man was found on the beach at Somerton”.[40] The timing is significant as the man is presumed, based on the suitcase, to have arrived in Adelaide the day before he was found on the beach. If the book was found one or two weeks before, it suggests that the man had visited previously or had been in Adelaide for a longer period. Most accounts state that the book was found in an unlocked car parked in Jetty Road, Glenelg – either in the rear floor well, or on the back seat.[note 3]

The theme of the Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam is that one should live life to the fullest and have no regrets when it ends. The poem’s subject led police to theorise that the man had committed suicide by poison, although there was no other evidence to back the theory.[39] The book was missing the words “Tamám Shud” on the last page, which had a blank reverse, and microscopic tests indicated that the piece of paper was from the page torn from the book.[42] Also, In the back of the book were faint indentations representing five lines of text, in capital letters. The second line has been struck out – a fact that is considered significant, due to its similarities to the fourth line and the possibility that it represents an error in encryption.

WRGOABABD
MLIAOI
WTBIMPANETP
MLIABOAIAQC
ITTMTSAMSTGAB[30]

In the book it is unclear whether the first line begins with an “M” or “W”, but it is widely believed to be the letter W, owing to the distinctive difference when compared to the stricken letter M. There appears to be a deleted or underlined line of text that reads “MLIAOI”. Although the last character in this line of text looks like an “L”, it is fairly clear on closer inspection of the image that this is formed from an ‘I’ and the extension of the line used to delete or underline that line of text. Also, the other “L” has a curve to the bottom part of the character. There is also an “X” above the last ‘O’ in the code, and it is not known if this is significant to the code or not. Initially, the letters were thought to be words in a foreign language[39] before it was realised it was a code. Code experts were called in at the time to decipher the lines but were unsuccessful.[43] In 1978, following a request from ABC-TV journalist Stuart Littlemore, Department of Defence cryptographers analysed the handwritten text. The cryptographers reported that it would be impossible to provide “a satisfactory answer”: if the text was an encrypted message, its brevity meant that it had “insufficient symbols”, from which a clear meaning could be extracted, and the text could be the “meaningless” product of a “disturbed mind”.[44]

An unlisted telephone number was also found in the back of the book,[42] belonging to a nurse named Jessica Ellen “Jo” Thomson (1921–2007) – born Jessie Harkness in the Sydney suburb of Marrickville – who lived in Moseley St, Glenelg, about 400 metres (1,300 ft) north of the location where the body was found.[45] When she was interviewed by police, Thomson said that she did not know the dead man or why he would have her phone number and choose to visit her suburb on the night of his death. However, she also reported that, at some time in late 1948, an unidentified man had attempted to visit her and asked a next door neighbour about her.[43] In his book on the case, Gerry Feltus stated that when he interviewed Thomson (2002), he found that she was either being “evasive” or she “just did not wish to talk about it”. Feltus believed Thomson knew the Somerton man’s identity.[46] Thomson’s daughter Kate, in a television interview (2014) with 60 Minutes, also said that she believed her mother knew the dead man.

In 1949, Jessica Thomson requested that police not keep a permanent record of her name or release her details to third parties, as it would be embarrassing and harmful to her reputation to be linked to such a case.[43] The police agreed – a decision that hampered later investigations.[4] In news media, books and other discussions of the case, Thomson was frequently referred to by various pseudonyms, including the nickname “Jestyn” and names such as “Teresa Johnson née Powell”. Gerry Feltus (2010) claimed he was given permission by Thomson’s family to disclose her names and that of her husband, Prosper Thomson.[46] Nevertheless, the names Feltus used in his book were pseudonyms.[47] Feltus also stated that her family did not know of her connection with the case, and he agreed not to disclose her identity or anything that might reveal it. Her real name was considered important as the possibility exists that it may be the decryption key for the purported code.[48]

When she was shown the plaster cast bust of the dead man by Detective Sergeant Leane, Thomson said she could not identify the person depicted.[49] According to Leane, he described her reaction upon seeing the cast as “completely taken aback, to the point of giving the appearance that she was about to faint”.[50] In an interview many years later, Paul Lawson – the technician who made the cast and was present when Thomson viewed it – noted that after looking at the bust she immediately looked away and would not look at it again.[51]

Thomson also said that while she was working at Royal North Shore Hospital in Sydney during World War II,[43] she had owned a copy of the Rubaiyat. In 1945, at the Clifton Gardens Hotel in Sydney, she had given it to an army lieutenant named Alf Boxall, who was serving at the time in the Water Transport Section of the Royal Australian Engineers.[note 4] Thomson told police that, after the war ended, she had moved to Melbourne and married. She said that she had received a letter from Boxall and had replied, telling him that she was now married.[43] (Subsequent research suggests that her future husband, Prosper Thomson, was in the process of obtaining a divorce from his first wife in 1949, and that he did not marry Jessica Harkness until mid-1950.[note 5] There is no evidence that Boxall had any contact with Harkness after 1945.[53]

As a result of their conversations with Thomson, police suspected that Boxall was the dead man. However, in July 1949, he was found in Sydney and the final page of his copy of the Rubaiyat (reportedly a 1924 edition published in Sydney) was intact, with the words “Tamam Shud” still in place.[49][54] Boxall was now working in the maintenance section at the Randwick Bus Depot (where he had worked before the war) and was unaware of any link between the dead man and himself.[55] In the front of the copy of the Rubaiyat that was given to Boxall, Jessica Harkness (as she was at the time) had signed herself “JEstyn” [sic] and written out verse 70:

Indeed, indeed, Repentance oft before
I swore—but was I sober when I swore?
And then and then came Spring, and Rose-in-hand
My thread-bare Penitence a-pieces tore.[44]

Spy theories

There has been persistent speculation that the dead man was a spy, due to the circumstances and historical context of his death. One such theory concerns Alf Boxall, who was reportedly involved in intelligence work during and immediately after World War II. In a 1978 television interview Stuart Littlemore asks: “Mr Boxall, you had been working, hadn’t you, in an intelligence unit, before you met this young woman [Jessica Harkness]. Did you talk to her about that at all?” In reply, Boxall says “no”, and when asked if Harkness could have known, Boxall replies “not unless somebody else told her.” When Littlemore suggests in the interview that there may have been an espionage connection to the dead man in Adelaide, Boxall replies: “It’s quite a melodramatic thesis, isn’t it?”[44] Boxall’s army service record suggests that he served initially in the 4th Water Transport Company, before being seconded to the North Australia Observer Unit (NAOU) – a special operations unit – and that during his time with NAOU, Boxall rose rapidly in rank, being promoted from Lance Corporal to Lieutenant within three months.[56]

Post-inquest

In 1949, the body of the unknown man was buried in Adelaide’s West Terrace Cemetery, where The Salvation Army conducted the service. The South Australian Grandstand Bookmakers Association paid for the service to save the man from a pauper’s burial.[57]

Years after the burial, flowers began appearing on the grave. Police questioned a woman seen leaving the cemetery but she claimed she knew nothing of the man.[19] About the same time, Ina Harvey, the receptionist from the Strathmore Hotel opposite Adelaide railway station, revealed that a strange man had stayed in Room 21 or 23 for a few days around the time of the death, checking out on 30 November 1948. She recalled that he was English speaking and only carrying a small black case, not unlike one a musician or a doctor might carry. When an employee looked inside the case he told Harvey he had found an object inside the case he described as looking like a ‘needle.’[15][19]

On 22 November 1959 it was reported that an E.B. Collins, an inmate of New Zealand’s Wanganui Prison, claimed to know the identity of the dead man.[17]

There have been numerous unsuccessful attempts in the 60 years since its discovery to crack the letters found at the rear of the book, including efforts by military and naval intelligence, mathematicians, and amateur code crackers.[58] In 2004, retired detective Gerry Feltus suggested in a Sunday Mail article that the final line “ITTMTSAMSTGAB” could stand for the initials of “It’s Time To Move To South Australia Moseley Street…” (the former nurse lived in Moseley Street which is the main road through Glenelg).[4] A 2014 analysis by computational linguist John Rehling strongly supports the theory that the letters consist of the initials of some English text, but finds no match for these in a large survey of literature, and concludes that the letters were likely written as a form of shorthand, not as a code, and that the original text can likely never be determined.[59]

The Australian Broadcasting Corporation, in its documentary series Inside Story, in 1978 produced a programme on the Tamam Shud case, entitled The Somerton Beach Mystery, where reporter Stuart Littlemore investigated the case, including interviewing Boxall, who could add no new information on the case,[49] and Paul Lawson, who made the plaster cast of the body, and who refused to answer a question about whether anyone had positively identified the body.[44]

In 1994 John Harber Phillips, Chief Justice of Victoria and Chairman of the Victorian Institute of Forensic Medicine, reviewed the case to determine the cause of death and concluded that “There seems little doubt it was digitalis.”[60] Phillips supported his conclusion by pointing out that the organs were engorged, consistent with digitalis, the lack of evidence of natural disease and “the absence of anything seen macroscopically which could account for the death”.[60]

Former South Australian Chief Superintendent Len Brown, who worked on the case in the 1940s, stated that he believed that the man was from a country in the Warsaw Pact, which led to the police’s inability to confirm the man’s identity.[61]

The South Australian Police Historical Society holds the bust, which contains strands of the man’s hair.[10][61] Any further attempts to identify the body have been hampered by the embalming formaldehyde having destroyed much of the man’s DNA.[61] Other key evidence no longer exists, such as the brown suitcase, which was destroyed in 1986. In addition, witness statements have disappeared from the police file over the years.[10]

Reported identifications

A plaster cast of the unknown man’s head and chest taken by the police in 1949

A number of possible identifications have been proposed over the years. An Adelaide newspaper, The Advertiser, on reporting the discovery of the body, gave the possible identification as “E.C. Johnson, about 45, of Arthur St, Payneham”.[62] The following day, 3 December 1948, Johnson identified himself at a police station.[63][64] That same day, another Adelaide newspaper, The News, published a photograph of the dead man on its front page,[65] leading to additional calls from members of the public about the possible identity of the dead man. By 4 December, police had announced that the man’s fingerprints were not on South Australian police records, forcing them to look further afield.[66] On 5 December, The Advertiser reported that police were searching through military records after a man claimed to have had a drink with a man resembling the dead man at a hotel in Glenelg on 13 November. During their drinking session, the mystery man supposedly produced a military pension card bearing the name “Solomonson”.[67]

In early January 1949, two people identified the body as that of 63-year-old former wood cutter Robert Walsh.[68] A third person, James Mack, also viewed the body, initially could not identify it, but an hour later he contacted police to claim it was Walsh. Mack stated that the reason he did not confirm this at the viewing was a difference in the colour of the hair. Walsh had left Adelaide several months earlier to buy sheep in Queensland but had failed to return at Christmas as planned.[69] Police were skeptical, believing Walsh to be too old to be the dead man. However, the police did state that the body was consistent with that of a man who had been a wood cutter, although the state of the man’s hands indicated he had not cut wood for at least 18 months.[70] Any thoughts that a positive identification had been made were quashed, however, when Elizabeth Thompson, one of the people who had earlier positively identified the body as Walsh, retracted her statement after a second viewing of the body, where the absence of a particular scar on the body, as well as the size of the dead man’s legs, led her to realise the body was not Walsh.[71]

By early February 1949, there had been eight different “positive” identifications of the body,[72] including two Darwin men who thought the body was of a friend of theirs,[73] and others who thought it was a missing station worker, a worker on a steamship[74] or a Swedish man.[72] Detectives from the state of Victoria initially believed the man was from there because of the similarity of the laundry marks to those used by several dry-cleaning firms in Melbourne.[75] Following publication of the man’s photograph in Victoria, 28 people claimed to know his identity. Victorian detectives disproved all the claims and said that “other investigations” indicated it was unlikely that he was a Victorian.[76]

A seaman by the name of Tommy Reade from the SS Cycle, in port at the time, was thought to be the dead man, but after some of his shipmates viewed the body at the morgue, they stated categorically that the corpse was not that of Tommy Reade.[77]

By November 1953, police announced they had recently received the 251st “solution” to the identity of the body from members of the public who claimed to have met or known him. But, they said that the “only clue of any value” remained the clothing the man wore.[78]

In 2011, an Adelaide woman contacted biological anthropologist Maciej Henneberg about an identification card[79] of an H. C. Reynolds that she had found in her father’s possessions. The card, a document issued in the United States to foreign seamen during World War I, was given to Henneberg in October 2011 for comparison of the ID photograph to that of the Somerton man. While Henneberg found anatomical similarities in features such as the nose, lips and eyes, he believed they were not as reliable as the close similarity of the ear. The ear shapes shared by both men were a “very good” match, although Henneberg also found what he called a “unique identifier;” a mole on the cheek that was the same shape and in the same position in both photographs.”Together with the similarity of the ear characteristics, this mole, in a forensic case, would allow me to make a rare statement positively identifying the Somerton man.”[80]

The ID card, numbered 58757, was issued in the United States on 28 February 1918 to H.C. Reynolds, giving his nationality as “British” and age as 18. Searches conducted by the US National Archives, the UK National Archives and the Australian War Memorial Research Centre have failed to find any records relating to H.C. Reynolds. The South Australia Police Major Crime Branch, who still have the case listed as open, will investigate the new information.[80][needs update] Some independent researchers believe the ID card belonged to one Horace Charles Reynolds, a Tasmanian man who died in 1953 and therefore could not have been the Somerton Man.[81][self-published source?]

Abbott investigation

In March 2009 a University of Adelaide team led by Professor Derek Abbott began an attempt to solve the case through cracking the code and proposing to exhume the body to test for DNA.[82] His investigations have led to questions concerning the assumptions police had made on the case. Abbott also tracked down the Barbour waxed cotton of the period and found packaging variations. This may provide clues to the country where it was purchased.[48]

Decryption of the “code” was being started from scratch.[when?] It had been determined the letter frequency was considerably different from letters written down randomly; the frequency was to be further tested to determine if the alcohol level of the writer could alter random distribution. The format of the code also appeared to follow the quatrainformat of the Rubaiyat, supporting the theory that the code was a one-time pad encryption algorithm. Copies of the Rubaiyat, as well as the Talmud and Bible, were being compared to the code using computers to get a statistical base for letter frequencies. However, the code’s short length meant the investigators would require the exact edition of the book used. With the original copy lost in the 1960s, researchers have been looking for a FitzGerald edition without success.[48]

An investigation had shown that the Somerton Man’s autopsy reports of 1948 and 1949 are now missing and the Barr Smith Library’s collection of Cleland’s notes do not contain anything on the case. Maciej Henneberg, professor of anatomyat the University of Adelaide, examined images of the Somerton man’s ears and found that his cymba (upper ear hollow) is larger than his cavum (lower ear hollow), a feature possessed by only 1–2% of the Caucasian population.[83] In May 2009, Derek Abbott consulted with dental experts who concluded that the Somerton Man had hypodontia (a rare genetic disorder) of both lateral incisors, a feature present in only 2% of the general population. In June 2010, Abbott obtained a photograph of Jessica Thomson’s eldest son Robin, which clearly showed that he – like the unknown man – had not only a larger cymba than cavum but also hypodontia. The chance that this was a coincidence has been estimated as between one in 10,000,000 and one in 20,000,000.[84]

The media have suggested that Robin Thomson, who was 16 months old in 1948 and died in 2009, may have been a child of either Alf Boxall or the Somerton Man and passed off as Prosper Thomson’s son. DNA testing would confirm or eliminate this speculation.[82] Abbott believes an exhumation and an autosomal DNA test could link the Somerton man to a shortlist of surnames which, along with existing clues to the man’s identity, would be the “final piece of the puzzle”. However, in October 2011, Attorney General John Rau refused permission to exhume the body, stating: “There needs to be public interest reasons that go well beyond public curiosity or broad scientific interest.”

Feltus said he was still contacted by people in Europe who believed the man was a missing relative but did not believe an exhumation and finding the man’s family grouping would provide answers to relatives, as “during that period so many war criminals changed their names and came to different countries”.[85]

In July 2013 Abbott released an artistic impression he commissioned of the Somerton man, believing this might finally lead to an identification. “All this time we’ve been publishing the autopsy photo, and it’s hard to tell what something looks like from that”, Prof Abbott said.[86]

According to a 2015 feature in California Sunday, Derek Abbott married Rachel, the daughter of Roma Egan and Robin Thomson, in 2010.[87]

In December 2017, Abbott announced three “excellent” hairs “at the right development stage for extracting DNA” had been found on the plaster cast of the corpse, and had been submitted for analysis to the Australian Centre for Ancient DNA at the University of Adelaide. Processing the results could reportedly take up to a year.[88]

In February 2018, the University of Adelaide team obtained a high definition analysis of the mitochondrial DNA from the hair sample from Somerton Man. They found that he and his mother belonged to haplogroup H4a1a1a, which is possessed by only 1% of Europeans.[89]

60 Minutes investigation

In November 2013 relatives of “Jestyn” gave interviews to the television current affairs program 60 Minutes.[90] Kate Thomson, the daughter of Jessica and Prosper Thomson, said that her mother was the woman interviewed by the police and that her mother had told her she had lied to them – Jessica did know the identity of the “Somerton Man” and his identity was also “known to a level higher than the police force”.[47] Her father had died in 1995 and mother had died in 2007. Kate Thomson suggested that her mother and the “Somerton Man” may both have been spies, noting that Jessica Thomson taught English to migrants, was interested in communism, and could speak Russian, although she would not disclose to her daughter where she had learned it, or why.[47]

Robin Thomson’s widow, Roma Egan, and their daughter Rachel Egan, also appeared on 60 Minutes suggesting that the “Somerton Man” was Robin Thomson’s father and, therefore, Rachel’s grandfather. The Egans reported lodging a new application with the Attorney-General of South Australia, John Rau, to have the Somerton Man’s body exhumed and DNA tested.[47] Derek Abbott also subsequently wrote to Rau in support of the Egans, saying that exhumation for DNA testing would be consistent with federal government policy of identifying soldiers in war graves, to bring closure to their families. Kate Thomson opposed the exhumation as being disrespectful to her brother.[47][90]

Timeline

  • circa 1905: Somerton Man is born, according to the coroner’s report.
  • April 1906: Alfred Boxall born in London, England.
  • 16 October 1912: Prosper Thomson is born in central Queensland.[91]
  • 28 February 1918 H. C. Reynolds identity card issued.
  • 1921: Jessie Harkness is born in Marrickville, New South Wales.[92]
  • 1936: Prosper Thomson moves from Blacktown in Sydney to Melbourne, marries and lives in Mentone, Victoria, a south east Melbourne suburb.[91]
  • August 1945: Jessica Harkness gives Alf Boxall an inscribed copy of the Rubaiyat over drinks at the Clifton Gardens Hotel, Sydney prior to his being posted overseas on active service. The inscription is signed “JEstyn”.
  • circa October 1946: Jessica Harkness’s son Robin is conceived (assuming a normal duration pregnancy).
  • Late 1946: Harkness moves to Mentone, Victoria to temporarily live with her parents.[93] (The same Melbourne suburb in which Prosper Thomson had established himself and his then new wife ten years before.)
  • Early 1947: Harkness moves to a suburb of Adelaide and changes her surname to Thomson, the name of her future husband.
  • July 1947: Robin Thomson is born.[93]
  • 15 January 1948: Alf Boxall arrives back in Sydney from his last active duty and is discharged from the army in April 1948.[93]
  • July 1948: “Prosper McTaggart Thomson, hire car proprietor, of Moseley Street, Glenelg” appears in Adelaide Local Court as defendant in a car sale dispute, dating from November 1947, establishing Prosper Thomson as active in Adelaide from 1947.[94]
  • 30 November 1948. 8:30 a.m. to 10:50 am: The Somerton Man is presumed to have arrived in Adelaide by train. He buys a ticket for the 10:50 a.m. train to Henley Beach but does not use it. This ticket was the first sold of only three issued between 6:15 a.m. and 2 p.m. by this particular ticket clerk for the Henley Beach train.
  • Between 8:30 a.m. to 10:50 am: There is no satisfactory explanation for what The Somerton Man did during these hours. There is no record of the station’s bathroom facilities being unavailable and no ticket in his pocket to suggest he had visited the Public Baths, outside of the station.
  • Between 11:00 a.m. and 11:15 a.m: Checks a brown suitcase into the train station cloak room.
  • after 11:15 am: Buys a 7d bus ticket on a bus that departed at 11:15 a.m. from the south side of North Tce (in front of the Strathmore Hotel) opposite the railway station. He may have boarded at a later time elsewhere in the city as his ticket was the sixth of nine sold between the railway station and South Tce; however, he only had a 15-minute window from the earliest time he could have checked his suitcase (the luggage room was around 60 metres from the bus stop). It is not known which stop he alighted at; the bus terminated at Somerton at 11:44 am and enquiries indicated that he “must have” alighted at Glenelg, a short distance from the St. Leonard’s hotel.[95] This stop is less than 1 kilometre (3,300 ft) north of the Moseley St address of Jessica Thomson, which was itself 400 metres from where the body was found.
  • 7 p.m.–8 p.m.: Various witness sightings.
  • 10 p.m.–11 p.m.: Estimated time he had eaten the pasty based on time of death.
  • 1 December 2 a.m.: Estimated time of death. The time was estimated by a “quick opinion” on the state of rigor mortis while the ambulance was in transit. As a suspected suicide, no attempt to determine the correct time was made. As poisons affect the progression of rigor, 2 a.m. is probably inaccurate.
  • 6:30 am: Found dead by John Lyons and two men with a horse.
  • 14 January 1949: Adelaide Railway Station finds the brown suitcase belonging to the man.
  • 6–14 June: The piece of paper bearing the inscription “Tamám Shud” is found in a concealed fob pocket.
  • 17 and 21 June: Coroner’s inquest[96]
  • 22 July: A man hands in the copy of the Rubaiyat he had found on 30 November (or perhaps a week or two earlier) containing an unlisted phone number and mysterious inscription. Police later match the “Tamám Shud” paper to the book.
  • 26 July: The unlisted phone number discovered in the book is traced to a woman living in Glenelg (Jessica Thomson, previously Harkness). Shown the plaster cast by Paul Lawson, she did not identify that the man was Alf Boxall, or any other person. Lawson’s diary entry for that day names her as “Mrs Thompson” and states that she had a “nice figure” and was “very acceptable” (referring to the level of attractiveness) which allows the possibility of an affair with the Somerton man. She was 27 years old in 1948. In a later interview Lawson described her behaviour as being very odd that day. She appeared as if she was about to faint.[97] Jessica Harkness requests that her real name be withheld because she didn’t want her husband to know she knew Alf Boxall. Although she was in fact not married at this time, the name she gave police was Jessica Thomson with her real name not being discovered until 2002.[46]
  • 27 July: Sydney detectives locate and interview the very much alive Alf Boxall.
  • Early 1950: Prosper Thomson’s divorce is finalised.
  • May 1950: Jessica and Prosper Thomson are married.
  • 1950s: The Rubaiyat is lost.
  • 18 May 1953: death of Horace Charles Reynolds, Tasmanian man born in 1900 and regarded by some investigators as the owner of the “H.C. Reynolds” ID card.[81]
  • 14 March 1958: The coroner’s inquest is continued. The Thomsons and Alf Boxall are not mentioned. No new findings are recorded and the inquest is ended with an adjournment sine die.[98]
  • 1986: The Somerton Man’s brown suitcase and contents are destroyed as “no longer required”.
  • 1994: The Chief Justice of Victoria, John Harber Phillips, studies the evidence and concludes that poisoning was due to digitalis.
  • 26 April 1995: Prosper Thomson dies.
  • 17 August 1995: Alf Boxall dies.
  • 13 May 2007: Jessica Thomson dies.
  • March 2009: Robin Thomson dies.

Notes

  1. ^ While the words that end The Rubaiyat are “Tamám Shud” (تمام شد), it has often been referred to as “Taman Shud” in the media, because of a spelling error in early newspaper coverage or police reports which has persisted.[citation needed] In Persianتمام tamám is a noun that means “the end” and شد shud is an auxiliary verb indicating past tense, so tamam shud means “ended” or “finished”.[1]
  2. ^ This particular edition of the Rubaiyat has a different translation compared to most other FitzGerald translations. This, now rare, edition was published in New Zealand in 1941.[38]
  3. ^ However, a bus conductor named Leslie Francis Wytkin (or Wytkins) handed in a copy of the Rubaiyat to the Metropolitan Tramways Trust, at around the same time; it is not clear whether this was the same copy of the Rubaiyat, or an extraneous find, and/or if Wytkin was “Francis”.[41]
  4. ^ Boxall was born in London on 16 April 1906, enlisted in the Australian Army on 12 January 1942 and was not discharged until 12 April 1948.“World War II Nominal Roll, “Boxall, Alfred”. Australian War Memorial. Retrieved 8 December 2008.
  5. ^ In July 1947, Jessica “Jestyn” Harkness gave birth to her son Robin in Melbourne, at which point she was not married. Shortly afterwards she moved to Adelaide and was listed in telephone directories under the surname of her future husband, Prosper Thomson. They may or may not have been cohabiting. Accounts of conversations between Jessica Thomson and police suggest she told them that she was “married” or “recently married”. There is no evidence that police knew in 1949 that she was not married.[52] However, the police may have been aware of her domestic arrangements; it was the kind of information that would normally have been of interest to them. After Prosper Thomson’s divorce from his first wife had been finalised (in early 1950), Jessica and Prosper Thomson were married in May 1950.
  6. ^ Mangnoson was born in Adelaide on 4 May 1914 and served as a Private in the Australian Army from 11 June 1941 until his discharge on 7 February 1945. World War II Nominal Roll, “Mangnoson, Keith Waldemar”. Retrieved 2 March 2009
  7. ^ McRae was born on 11 May 1915 in Goodwood, South AustraliaWorld War II Nominal Roll, “McRae, Neil”. Retrieved 2 March 2009

Inspiration of the Day for Dec. 1: Grounding Ourselves

Grounding Ourselves

BY MADISYN TAYLOR

As a human being living on earth, it is important to learn to ground yourself in relation to your earth mother.

We often hear people telling us to ground ourselves, but we may not be sure what that means and how we might do it. Grounding ourselves is a way of bringing ourselves literally back to earth. Some of us are more prone than others to essentially leaving our bodies and not being firmly rooted in our bodies. There’s nothing terribly wrong with this, but while we are living on the earth plane it is best to stay grounded in the body.

One of the easiest ways to ground ourselves is to bring our attention to our breath as it enters and leaves our bodies. After about 10 breaths, we will probably find that we feel much more connected to our physical selves. We might then bring our awareness to the sensations in our bodies, moving from our head down to our feet, exploring and inquiring. Just a few minutes of this can bring us home to bodies and to the earth, and this is what it means to ground ourselves.

We can go further by imagining that we have roots growing out of the bottoms of our feet, connecting us to the earth. The roots flow with us so we can we always move, but at the same time they keep us grounded. We receive powerful energy from the earth just as we do from the forms of energy we associate with the sky, and our body is a tool that brings these two energies together in a sacred union. When we are grounded, we essentially become a strong container in which our spirits can safely and productively dwell. This is why grounding ourselves every day, especially at the beginning of the day, is such a beneficial practice. Fortunately, it’s as simple as bringing our conscious awareness to our bodies and the earth on which we walk.

 

Source: The Daily OM

WHERE DOES YOUR SUN SIGN LIKE TO VACATION

WHERE DOES YOUR SUN SIGN LIKE TO VACATION


 

Aries
Aries can only take so much sitting still; of course, everyone needs to do some form of relaxation, but after a few days lazing around, there better be a variety of adventure activities on the to-do-list. Get away from the city buzz and take the family to Bear Mountain for some hiking. Kent in Connecticut is filled with history, camping, kayaking, visits to the vineyards and much more. Or like Aries gal Sarah Jessica Parker, go on an adventure trip exploring and taking in the delights of Mexico.

Taurus
Lazy days, good company, home comforts, and scrumptious cuisine will keep Taurus’ feet on the ground and a smug smile on their face. Take a trip to visit Hyde Park in Duchess County where President Franklin D. Roosevelt lived and be awed by the many mansions in the area. Visit the Stone Barns Center for Food and Agriculture in Pocantico Hills, Westchester. Or go to where funnyman Jerry Seinfeld likes to spend his vacations, at his home away from home, Long Island.

Gemini
When the Gemini twins are not engaging in conversation they love to sit back and people watch. Go on a mystery tour to somewhere that provides incidences that supply a year full of unbelievable storytelling. New Jersey is a treasure trove of attractions ranging from beaches, bird watching, 18 different lighthouses, state parks, and for those who are feeling lucky, there’s gambling in Atlantic City. If you can afford to mix with the highflyers, walk in the footsteps of Donald Trump, and go and play gold at Mamaroneck, NY, at the Winged Foot Golf club.

Cancer
Sun, sea, and sand are just what the doctor ordered for this water sign. Exclusive hotels and lavish resort-style accommodations, but also, somewhere laidback so you can get away from the stress of the normal everyday hustle and bustle. Throw in a world standard spa treatment room and you’re happy. Hang out at the Hamptons and if the sun gets too hot to handle, take a trip to the shops or indulge in a spa treatment or two. Along with Cancerian, Lindsay Lohan’s family, taking in the sun and sites on Miami Beach is another Cancerian favorite Location.

Leo
Luxury-loving Leo looks for vacation hot spots that exude class and opulence. It also helps if there’s more than a scattering of A-listers buying up big in the shops. And if the paparazzi are hot on their trail, all the better. If it’s not featured in latest and greatest magazines, it’s not for Leo. Of course, the Hamptons immediately come to mind, East Hampton, but let’s not forget Vegas – all that glitz and excitement lights up Leo’s eyes. Or go for a vacation where Leo-gal Kim Cattrall’s Sex and the City character spends her time, at Malibu.

Virgo
Virgo may seem like the innocent type, but in reality, under that not a hair out of place façade, they like to soak up the ambiance and history of a location by day and hit the fast and furious nightlife after the sun goes down. Atlantic City provides plenty of fun and excitement day and night. Or, in Connecticut, there’s plenty of shopping, dining and spa treatments at Foxwood’s Casino or Mohegan Sun resorts. If money is no object, hop on a plane and visit Monaco where Virgo-girl Beyonce and Jay-Z have been seen on vacation.

Libra
Exquisite food to tempt the taste buds, places to indulge in some cultural history, a hammock to spend lazy and romantic afternoons and a Libra is content as a pussycat in the Sun. Take a trip down memory lane and visit Woodstock to get lost in the ambiance of art and music. Or visit Peters Valley Craft Center in NJ., to enjoy the variety of arts as well as learn some new skills. Or, you can always spend your vacation like Libran Kelly Ripa does, and chill out in the Bahamas.

Scorpio
It’s nothing but the best for Scorpio. Dancing the night away at nightclubs is a must-do-activity to release stress, and unleashing the credit cards in stores that sell everything you want and nothing you need is the best form of therapy for Scorpio. Check into the MGM Grand on the Vegas strip for an unforgettable vacation, visit the golden sands of Palm Beach, Fl., or stay closer to home and be a tourist in your own city. Or visit the places Scorpio Hillary Rodham Clinton has vacationed, like Jamaica.

Sagittarius
Sagittarians are worldly beings. For a vacation location to blip on your radar, make it exciting, different, interesting and worthy of your superior intelligence. These philosophical and celestial beings enjoy star watching at night, and being active through the day. Experiencing and learning new things is high on the Sag list. Enter a space of bliss with the Tibetan monks by visiting or spending a week-long retreat at the Namgyal Monastery in Ithaca, NY. If you’re cashed up, travel around the world like Sag-girl Tyra Banks does and vacation anywhere from Italy to Sydney.

Capricorn
Do they go on vacation? When they do, class-conscious Capricorns go for quality and value. Taking a vacation is a big deal for Capricorn. It takes a lot of energy and organization just to get away from the office, and even when you do, the computer or at least the tablet is a standard piece of luggage. Being out of touch means being out of control and that is not likely to happen. Rent a five-star property at somewhere like Bridgehampton, that’s far enough to get away from it all and close enough to get involved in the high life. Or like Cap girl Katie Couric spend your vacations in Europe.

Aquarius
Privacy-seeking Aquarians look to hang out at places that pride themselves on a reputation for guarding the privacy of their guests. This can be anything from booking a rustic cabin in Pennsylvania or escaping to the Pocono Mountains to indulge in anything from water activities, tennis, horseback riding, shows concerts, and of course, shopping! If none of this sounds appealing, follow in Aquarian Paris Hilton’s footsteps and book a vacation to the happening location of Hawaii.

Pisces
This sensitive water sign seeks locations that represent heaven on earth. When recharging your batteries, it’s the soothing sound of water lapping on the beach, or somewhere that’s mystical, a good supply of booze and someone who’s open to serving you every minute, even if you do have to pay for it. Travel to the top end of NY to witness the awesome energy of Niagara Falls, or take a cruise to Mystic Seaport in Connecticut. Like the movie Piscean Queen Latifah starred in, Last Holiday, anything can happen on vacation!

Jessica Angel

Get a Jump On Tomorrow, Your Horoscopes for Sunday, Dec. 2

Get a Jump On Tomorrow…..

Your Horoscopes for Sunday, Dec. 2

Jennifer Angel

What will 2019 bring for you? Book a year ahead psychic astrology reading with Jennifer

Venus moves to Scorpio to join Mercury – a day to speak from your heart

Aries MARCH 21-APRIL 19
As Venus moves to Scorpio, it’s a time that inspires you to set goals for next year, especially for your personal life. Spend the weekend learning more about some of the things that could help you progress. Don’t be afraid to try something new, it could result in you meeting interesting people and having remarkable experiences. Life’s full of opportunities that are yours for the taking.

Taurus APRIL 20-MAY 20
If you find yourself constantly the one dealing with another’s crises, even if they are not your concern, it can still be unsettling. Some people love to be in the center of a drama and thrive on it; you, on the other hand, do not. Perhaps it’s time to weigh the benefits of this kind of tumultuous association and decide to part company.

Gemini MAY 21-JUNE 20
There’s still a lot you have to do before year’s end. With Venus moving to your work area, life’s about to get hectic and you’ll need to organize your schedule to keep up with all the demands. To begin 2019 efficiently, tie up all the remaining loose ends this year. But don’t knock yourself out trying; focus on your highest priorities.

Cancer JUNE 21-JULY 22
There can be changes at work, and if so, then use the weekend to think through which of the people want the best for you and which don’t. You’ll instinctively know when someone stretches the truth. Don’t expend your energy on them; use it to figure out a way you can best start working toward the career you want in a few years’ time.

Leo JULY 23-AUG. 22
This weekend can highlight what’s most important, especially when it concerns money but, since it is changeable energy, be ready to suddenly revise your plans. You thrive when you learn new things; sadly, not everyone can offer you the intellectual challenge you seek. But when you find people who fulfill your needs, your life can flourish.

Virgo AUG. 23-SEPT. 22
Don’t get caught in the holiday shopping fever madness. You may not be able to control all financial matters, but it’s wise to avoid impulsive spending. The planetary energy in your family zone this weekend can set off a long overdue dialogue that can be very freeing when you get to the bottom of a situation.

Libra SEPT. 23-OCT. 22
When you meet someone new, try to figure out if that person appreciates you as the sincere honest person you are or sees only what you have to offer. Being astute, it shouldn’t take you long. Don’t spend this weekend worrying about work. With Venus and Uranus turning their light on your love zone, prepare to enjoy a romantic encounter.

Scorpio OCT. 23-NOV. 21
No matter how much money you currently have, it’s not an endless supply. During the holidays, you might find yourself maxing out your credit cards, which could be a big mistake. With Venus moving to your sign, this is a very important time for you financially and the best choice would most likely be to aim for moderation.

Sagittarius NOV. 22-DEC. 21
This weekend, try to de-stress from recent events. The connection between Venus and Uranus can cause relationships to become unsettled, and that’s on your mind, too. All things considered, you deserve to have some fun. But be ready to face new challenges as well.

Capricorn DEC. 22-JAN. 19
Nobody comes close to having your common sense; you resolve problems quickly and easily, gaining the respect from all involved. However, as several things influence your chart now, you could find your normal logic is replaced with an emotional viewpoint when it comes to both work and family.

Aquarius JAN. 20-FEB. 18
It’s alright to do something impetuous this weekend, after all it is the holiday season, and a perfect time to go out and network. Not every moment of your life needs to be planned, where’s the fun in that! Put your best self out there on the social zone and you can make contacts now to follow up in the new year.

Pisces FEB. 19-MARCH 20
There’s a chance for you to get a fresh start with relationships during this time. The energy also can make you more impulsive than usual, so try to keep your urge for spontaneity in check. Keep in mind that rash decisions can have long-lasting repercussions

Where You Born on Saturday, December 1

TRUE LOVE
Happy Birthday!

Let’s hear it for the zodiac’s adventurous Archer


With your jovial personality, it’s no wonder you were born at the happiest time of the year!

If you were born on December 1, you could light up any room! There’s a kindness to you that electrifies and warms those around you. You have a fun, bubbly sense of humor that can range from sharp and sarcastic to silly and slapstick. While you normally only show your sweet side, you’ll occasionally get a bad case of the blues. It’s very important for you to take care of yourself and prioritize your own health and needs before dishing out smiles to everyone else!

At your best: Vibrant, extroverted, caring
At your worst: Confused, depressed, frazzled

More About Sagittarius

It’s your birthday and you’re ready to shout it from the rooftops! It’s not that you’re looking for adoration or a bunch of gifts — nah, that’s not your style. You, Sagittarius, are simply so darned happy and grateful to be on this planet and you want to celebrate the fact that you have another year of adventures to look forward to. For you, life is, has and always will be about the journey. With each birthday comes the opportunity to make that journey even more phenomenal.

A Progressive Party

Exploring your intellectual, physical and spiritual horizons are what make life worth living in your eyes. As a result, you’re always seeking a new way to grow whether through travel, study or a pie in the sky adventure. In addition, you tend to eagerly pursue insight the way other signs go after fame or riches. On your birthday you will most appreciate words of wisdom from a mentor you respect.

You’re zealous, optimistic and brutally honest. You may be short on tact however — especially when someone asks your opinion … or gets you a birthday gift you don’t like. You’re not one to sugarcoat the truth, and for some, that pill is hard to swallow! You might also have a self-righteous streak if you believe unflinchingly in one of your ideologies. Remember that everyone is allowed to have an opinion, and if it’s not in line with yours, it doesn’t automatically mean it’s wrong. On the bright side, you’re filled with faith and a happy go lucky attitude. You know things will always work out and that no matter what life throws at you, you’ll always land on your feet.

 

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The Daily Horoscopes for Saturday, December 1

The Daily Horoscopes for Saturday, December 1

 Jennifer Angel

What will 2019 bring for you? Book a year ahead psychic astrology reading with Jennifer

– Mercury enters Scorpio and gives you the courage to speak your truth.  

 

Aries MARCH 21-APRIL 19
You have a great deal of common sense; you resolve problems quickly and easily, which gains the respect from peers. But that’s with business, and when it’s about love, it’s as if the game rules have changed. Love can be exciting and frustrating, all at the same time. Be flexible.

Taurus APRIL 20-MAY 20
It may be the weekend, but if an opportunity arises for business, and something that can help boost your bank account, then your focus will quickly shift from your personal affairs to business. Venus and Uranus interact, and when Uranus is involved, things can be unpredictable.

Gemini MAY 21-JUNE 20
There’s still a lot you have to do before year’s end. With Mars in your work area, life is hectic, and you’ll need to organize your schedule to keep up with all the demands. To close off 2018, focus on priorities, budget your bank balance, and get ready for a new year.

Cancer JUNE 21-JULY 22
Venus and Uranus can present and opportunity to do something special for family. But if it costs money, then remember, no matter how much money you currently have, it’s not an endless supply, so don’t be tempted to spend more than you are comfortable with.

Leo JULY 23-AUG. 22
Saturn in your day-to-day area of productivity, interacts with Mars in your 2nd money house. Pay attention to how you spend your time and what you focus on. When it’s about money, you don’t want to be distracted.

Virgo AUG. 23-SEPT. 22
This weekend, try to de-stress from recent events. An astral interaction between Venus and Uranus can give you an opportunity to get a relationship back on track, but it’s likely you will be the one to make the first move. Reach out by starting a conversation.

Libra SEPT. 23-OCT. 22
Thanks to a connection between Venus and Uranus this weekend, there’s a chance for you to get a fresh start with relationships. The energy also can make you more impulsive than usual, so keep your spontaneity in check. Rash decisions can have long-lasting repercussions.

Scorpio OCT. 23-NOV. 21
If you find yourself constantly the one dealing with another’s crises, even if they are not your concern, it can still be unsettling. And with Venus in your sign it’s time for you to look after your own needs. Leave others to sort out their own issues.

Sagittarius NOV. 22-DEC. 21
The Sun, in your sign, interacts with motivational Mercury the communication planet and opens a doorway to learn something new, possibly about a different culture or language. Mix with friends who can offer you an intellectual challenge. When you connect with people you resonate with, your life can improve.

Capricorn DEC. 22-JAN. 19
A new opportunity for work can come through now, and luckily, you have the weekend to get prepared, because chances are, you won’t have a lot of time to do so. When opportunity knocks you need to act quickly, especially with the influence of combined Venus Uranus energy.

Aquarius JAN. 20-FEB. 18
Venus interacts with Uranus and inspires you to set goals for next year. Spend the weekend learning reviewing and learning about options that can help you progress. It may be time to try something new, it could result in you meeting interesting people and having remarkable experiences.

Pisces FEB. 19-MARCH 20
With Mars in your sign, and connecting with Saturn, you could find yourself looking for people who have substance this weekend. It’s also party season and a perfect time to go out and network. Put your best self out there; make contacts now to follow up in the new year.

–Jennifer Angel

Your Monthly Horoscopes for December 2018

Your Monthly Horoscopes for December

Claire Petulengro, Astrologer

From The Astrology Room

 

ARIES (March 21st-April 20th)

I’m not telling you to be selfish Aries, but what I am saying is that there comes a time in everyone’s life when you have to be a little selfish in order to convince those around you to support what you really want. There has been a difficult atmosphere in the home for too long now and dramatic actions you take to make the changes which are needed were never going to sit well with everyone. You’re turning a corner and what you decide to do with your Christmas proves this. Remember to buy a little something for those who were fifty fifty on seeing you.

TAURUS (April 21st-May 21st)

I know you are thinking you are wasting your time on trying to get a relationship to work, as it feels as if it has brought you nothing but negativity. However, you need to ask yourself if you have been asking the person concerned to change for you, or for themselves. It is the latter which will get the best results for the two of you. Talks you have in business could well end up with a contract with your name on it, which will need to be signed before Christmas. Follow your instincts, no matter what others say.

GEMINI (May 22nd-June 21st)

There is a jealous side to your nature which is coming to the fore that you really need to nip in the bud. Try to take a step back and look at the facts, instead of just the emotions, which has been the case so far. The written word can both earn and lose you money over the coming weeks. The key to your success is not believing what others tell you without seeing all the facts. Fellow Geminis link to the much-needed steam you will want to blow off over the festive period. You end this year feeling more like you again and with your future in your sights.

CANCER (June 22nd-July 23rd)

Are you buying things for the sake of it Cancer? Or should I ask if you are trying to do everything you can to avoid dealing with the real subject in question here. I know that you got yourself stuck in some unpleasant situations this year, but I also know the past is behind you. Although they were painful lessons, you did indeed learn them and take them in. An apology is coming your way which will both surprise and please you. Life is starting to feel more in your control again and not a moment too soon either.

LEO (July 24th-August 23rd)

Your ruling planet the Sun helps you to tie up the many loose ends which November left you with. You no longer worry about doing what is right for others, but you see that you are the one who is going to have to live your life and so will have to live with the decisions you make in it. Although there are a few predictable tensions over the festive period, all in all you will be pleased to see how much more mature and together certain faces around you seem to be. You’re living life again, instead of just existing my friend.

VIRGO (August 24th-September 23rd)

There has been a bit of a caught in a rut feel to your reading which has led you to lash out at those who were only trying to help and not hinder your progress. You start to feel more and more like yourself again from the 17th when you start to mix more with those that you choose to spend time with, rather than those whose company you were forced to be in. The things you write down or sign at this time can make your life a more secure place to be and can ensure you enter 2019 with the confidence you were unfortunately lacking this time last year.

LIBRA (September 24th-October 23rd)

Venus your ruling planet is going to be throwing your love life into confusion and you may want to try to hold off making all major decisions until the new year. You see, you may not realise it Libra, but what you have decided for a while now, will come as somewhat of a shock to those around you. Giving them more time is the key to getting them on board with your ideas. Children prove costly and the younger generation in general prove hard work. Knowing what guidelines and boundaries you can and should create is half the battle.

SCORPIO (October 24th-November 22nd)

I know you have felt vulnerable and not as strong as you usually do, but this is only the stars trying to make sure that what you say you want is how you really feel and not just someone else’s words and thoughts coming out of your mouth. Foreign names and even accents make this Christmas a better one than you have had in years. Talks with family help you to make your routine one with everyone’s interests more in mind. Sometimes Scorpio, it takes coming off the track to realise how easy it is to get back on it and stay on it.

SAGITTARIUS (November 23rd-December 21st)

You know you’ve got a lot of hard work to do, so why are you ignoring this fact? To put such pressures on yourself in the last month of the year is both cruel and vicious. It’s not like you want to make your life harder for yourself. Remember my friend that you have to take the first step to see the whole staircase. Try to have courage and avoid believing stories with no facts behind them over the Christmas period. Family prove hard work, but you can win them round if you admit what is really going on in your life.

CAPRICORN (December 22nd-January 20th)

You really have dived head first into a situation which the rest of the zodiac would probably never even consider. This is why you are such a diverse and memorable sign. You know that life is for living and you don’t always care what everyone else thinks of your decisions and actions. As long as you set the standards you know you want to live by, then you will be fine. Just don’t push faces you want to see onto close ones who you know don’t feel the same, or you will not leave any room for things to move forward.

AQUARIUS (January 21st-February 19th)

If you share others information with those around you then you must agree that it’s only fair if others do the same. Come on Aquarius, you have to admit to me that even though you have had a lot of dramas occur in 2018, you did not enjoy a single one of them. Try to work on the life you want to have, rather than the one you are trying to leave behind. Places you plan to visit are a sure indication of who you really want to spend your time with. Females in your life prove more problematic than usual. Be sure and ready to compliment them to win favour.

PISCES (February 20th-March 20th)

Your feelings are sure to be written all over your face so try not to mix with those you find frustrating, or it could end up making this Christmas one of your messiest yet. Money is a subject you are trying to avoid, but I know that by facing your worries before the 14th that you can and will get all of the help you need plus more. Educational areas of your life will be talked about, but I see you do not have all the information possible at your fingertips. You may have to redo something you have already done. Ring now to hear why I am so very sure this is going to be of a benefit to you my friend.

For Claire’s in-depth horoscope for the month ahead, call 0905 072 0248
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