ALL ABOUT THE MONTH OF JANUARY
CALENDAR NOTES FOR JANUARY 2019
January was originally the eleventh month, not the first, until at least 153 B.C. The month was named for the Roman god Janus, protector of gates and doorways. Janus is depicted with two faces, one looking into the past, the other into the future.
Janus am I; oldest of potentates;
Forward I look, and backward, and below
I count, as god of avenues and gates,
The years that through my portals come and go.
—Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, American poet (1807–82)
- January is National Hot Tea Month and National Clean Up Your Computer Month.
- January 1 is New Year’s Day. While you’re still recuperating from last night’s parties, read about some other new year’s traditions you might not know about.
- January 1 is also Handsel Monday. According to Scottish custom, the first Monday of the new year was the time to give children and servants a small gift (“handsel”), intended to bring good luck.
- The eve of January 5 brings Twelfth Night, an English folk custom that marked the end of Christmas merrymaking, and in ancient Celtic tradition, the end of the 12-day winter solstice celebration. On Twelfth Night, it was customary for the assembled company to toast each other from the wassail bowl.
- On January 6 falls Epiphany. According to the New Testament’s Gospels, on this date the Magi—the three wise men or kings—venerated and brought gifts to the infant Jesus. Bake a King Cake with a lucky bean inside!
- January 17 is Benjamin Franklin’s birthday. He was not only a world-renowned statesman, inventor, and scientist, but was also fascinated by agriculture. Here at the Old Farmer’s Almanac, we consider him the father of almanacs! How much do you know about Ben?
- January 21 is Martin Luther King Jr. Day (observed) this year and honors the principles of this civil rights leader and Nobel Prize Winner dedicated to nonviolence.
ASTRONOMY: TOTAL LUNAR ECLIPSE!
- On January 3, Earth will be at perihelion. (In other words, the Earth will be at the point in its orbit where it is closest to the Sun). The planet will be 91,403,554 miles from the Sun!
- January 20, 2019 brings the Great American Total Lunar Eclipse! This eclipse is visible from North America. The Moon will enter the penumbra at 9:35 P.M. EST on January 20 (6:25 P.M. PST on January 20) and leave the penumbra at 2:50 A.M. EST on January 21 (11:50 P.M. PST on January 20).
- The dark January skies are great for stargazing. Get more highlights in our January Sky Watch.
Moon Phases for January 2019
- New Moon: January 5, at 8:28 P.M. EST
- First Quarter: January 14, at 1:46 A.M. EST
- Full Wolf Moon: January 21, at 12:16 A.M. EST.
- Last Quarter: January 27, at 4:10 P.M. EST
- Relieve your dry skin with some homemade remedies.
- See our tips on how to stay warm this winter.
- Got snow? See our snowflake guide and find out if two snowflakes can be alike!
- Are you a cold-weather angler? Check out our ice fishing tips to make it a safe and enjoyable trip.
- Refresh your knowledge of winter weather terms to help keep you safe this winter.
January’s birthstone, the garnet, is thought to keep the wearer safe during travel.
JANUARY BIRTH FLOWER
January’s birth flowers are the carnation and snowdrop.
January’s Zodiac signs are:
- Capricorn: December 22–January 19
- Aquarius: January 20–February 18
FOLKLORE FOR THE SEASON
- Fog in January brings a wet spring.
- A favorable January brings us a good year.
- If grass grows in January, it will grow badly the whole year.
- A summerish January,
a winterish spring.
Have a lovely January!