World War Two: Marines; Midway

The final battle for Corregidor was, in reality, a mopping up operation. The Japanese had already swept on to grab the riches of Southeast Asia, from Java (March 9) to Rangoon, Burma (March 8). They could have left Corregidor’s holed-up defenders to starve. By the time Corregidor surrendered, the Japanese tide had crested. Two great sea battles stopped them. On May 4-8 American and Japanese air craft carriers fought the battle of the Coral Sea at the southern of the Japanese offensive. Lexington was lost and Yorktown damaged, but the Americans drove off the enemy force advancing against Port Moresby on the southeast coast of New Guinea, opposite northern Australia.

Far to the north, the Battle of Midway, June 3-5, finished the last Japanese offensive in the Pacific. The Japanese lost four big carriers; and with its air cover destroyed, the enemy amphibious force heading for Midway turned back. After that victory the U.S. Navy was ready to go on the attack.

By Pearl harbor Day, the marine Corps had grown to two divisions and 65,000 men. It had 13 aviation squadrons and 251 aircraft of all types. Just six days earlier, Admiral Harold R. Stark, the Chief of Naval Operations, had opposed the formation of a third Marine division and the use of dive bombers by the Marines.

In the forefront of the Corps were its static Defense Battalions, each organized on the average with 952 Marines but tailored for the job assigned. The 5th Defense Battalion was on Iceland, where it had arrived with the 1st Provisional Marine Brigade (6th Marines reinforced) in July. The 3rd and 4th and part of the 1st Defense Battalions were in Hawaii. The rest of the 1st was divided over tiny Wake Johnston and Palmyra islands. The 7th Defense Battalion guarded Samoa for to the south and the 6th, Midway in the north. These islands west of Hawaii now formed Americas Pacific Frontline.

On January 223, 1942, the 2nd Marine Brigade (4,798 Marines) arrive to build Samoa into the main Marine base in the Pacific. With the coming of the 3rd Marine Brigade and MAG-13, 10,000 Marine ground troops were in the Samoa area by the end of May. It became a combat training center and staging base for future amphibious operations in the Solomon Islands.

On the night of December 7, 1941, two Japanese destroyers ( Ushio and Sazanami) had shelled Midways sir base to cover their carriers withdrawal from Hawaii. One round zipped into the Sand Island’s power plant’ air vent and exploded inside the concrete building. First Lieutenant George H Cannon, the St. Louis born commander of Battery H, 6th Defense Battalion, was severely wounded; but he refused to be evacuated until the other wounded had been cared for and Corporal Harlod R. Hazelwood had the switchboard operating again. Cannon died from loss of blood a few minutes after reaching the side station and was the first Marine in World war Two to be awarded the Medal of Honor. Hazelwood was awarded the Navy Cross. In the 23 minute attack, four men were killed and 19 wounded.

In the next three weeks, Midway was reinforced by VMSB-231, which made its historic flight directly from Oahu; by VMF-221, which flew off the deck of the carrier Saratoga after she had been pulled back from Wake, and by elements of the 4th Defense Battalion.

In May 1942, Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, commander of the U.S. Pacific Fleet expected–because the U.S. had broken the Japanese code–a Japanese attempt to capture Midway and Destroy the American fleet. The atoll was sent most of the 3rd Defense Battalion, two rifle companies of the 2nd Raider Battalion, five light tanks and vital search radars. The newly organized MAG-22 received dive bombers and fighters, which were soon to prove obsolete for this war; and by month’s end, Midway was jammed with more than 100 Marine, Army and Navy planes.

At 0616 on Thursday, June 4, the Midway Marines began their part in the decisive Battle of Midway, which was to become chiefly as struggle between the aircraft of opposing carrier forces. The Japanese fleet sent 108 planes against Midway; and 25 Marine fighters pilots led by Major Floyd B. Parks and Captain John F. Cary tackled the incoming dive bombers. In the opening encounter, the faster, more maneuverable Zero shot down nine of the twelve Marine pilots. A second group of 13 Marine fighters led by Captain Kirk Armistead followed up the attack. Both groups made their kills, but all in all, 15 of the 15 Marine piolets, including Major Parks , were killed. At 0630 the enemy carrier planes struck the atoll through heavy antiaircraft fire and did wide spread damage in a violent half hour.

Marine dive bombers attacked the Japanese carriers far north of the island after an unsuccessful attempt by and navy planes from Midway. The first Marine striking unit, led by Major Lofton R. Henderson, scored no hits; and only half of its 16 planes got back to Midway. (Henderson was shot down, and the airfield on Guadalcanal was named in his honor two months later) Then, 15 B-17’s took a crack at the enemy fleet, and failed. A second wave of 11 Marine bombers, led by Major Benjamin W. Norris, also missed and lost three aircraft. ( Norris did not return form a mission to find the already burning Carrier Hiryu that evening) Half of Midways aircraft were now gone.

But two hours later, carrier planes attacked the four Japanese carriers just as their planes, returning from Midway, were being refueled and rearmed for a second strike. The planes from Enterprise and Yorktown, taking full advantage of this phenomenal brake, knocked out three of the enemy carriers loaded with aircraft. That evening, dive bombers from Enterprise mortally wounded the remaining Hiryu.

The next morning, 12 marine bombers from Midway, led by Captain Marshall A. Tyler, attacked two damaged enemy cruisers. Captain Richard F. Fleming of St. Paul Minnesota, his plane in flames, slammed into the after turret of the cruiser Mikuma. He was awarded the Medal of Honor.

In the Battle of Midway, the United States lost the Yorktown and 98 carrier planes. Marine Corps casualties were 49 killed and 53 wounded. Expressing the survivors bitterness, Lieutenant Colonel Larkin at Ewa protested to President Roosevelt through his son Major James Roosevelt, USMCR, of the fatal inadequacy of the Marines antiquated aircraft.

The Japanese lost four carriers, some 322 planes and a great portion of their experienced naval pilots. The never recover. And the United States went on the offensive.

The preliminary steps had already been taken. On March 12, the U.S. Army had landed on Nouméa, New Caledonia, where nickel mines might attract the enemy. Two weeks later, 500 soldiers , the Marines’ 4th Defense Battalion and VMF-212 moved up to Efate in the New Hebrides ( at noon on April 18 16 B-25’s led by Lieutenant Colonel James H. Doolittle, USA, bomber Tokyo). And on June 14, the 1st Marine Division reached Wellington , New Zealand.

At the end of May, Admiral Nimitz proposed sending the 1st Marine Raider Battalion to raid and destroy the seaplane base that the Japanese were building at Tulagi in the Solomons. But the tide turned faster than that. The Battle of Midway set the stage for a bigger operation. From now on, the rest of the Marine Corps story in this war would be attack.

SOURCE: U.S. Marine Corps Story: BY: J. Robert Moskin

World War Two: Marines; Bataan and Corregidor

World War Two: Marines; Carlson’s Raiders-Makin Atoll 17 August 1942


Today’s Funny: Signs That You Are Addicted to Coffee

Signs That You Are Addicted to Coffee

  1. Juan Valdez names his donkey after you.
  2. You get a speeding ticket even when you’re parked.
  3. You grind your coffee beans in your mouth.
  4. You sleep with your eyes open.
  5. You have to watch videos in fast-forward.
  6. You lick your coffeepot clean.
  7. Your eyes stay open when you sneeze.
  8. The nurse needs a scientific calculator to take your pulse.
  9. You can type sixty words a minute with your toes.
  10. You can jump-start your car without cables.
  11. Your only source of nutrition comes from “Sweet & Low.”
  12. You don’t sweat, you percolate.
  13. You’ve worn out the handle on your favorite coffee mug.
  14. You go to AA meetings just for the free coffee.
  15. You’ve worn the finish off you coffee table.
  16. The Taster’s Choice couple wants to adopt you.
  17. Starbuck’s owns the mortgage on your house.
  18. You’re so wired you pick up FM radio.
  19. Your life’s goal is to “amount to a hill of beans.”
  20. Instant coffee takes too long.
  21. You want to be cremated just so you can spend eternity in a coffee can.
  22. You name your cats “Cream” and “Sugar.”
  23. Your lips are permanently stuck in the sipping position.
  24. Your first-aid kit contains two pints of coffee with an I.V. hookup.
  25. The only time you look like you’re standing still is during an earthquake.


–Turok’s Cabana

The Old Farmer’s Almanac for Jan. 12: TIPS FOR COMMON HOUSEHOLD PROBLEMS



By The Old Farmer’s Almanac
At the Almanac, we’ve discovered some good tricks to cure those annoying but common household problems. Here’s exactly what to do IF …


Save your sanity and visit your local carpet store for some padding. Whether your scatter rug is on bare floor or atop another carpet, a thin pad underneath will be safer and saner, plus it will increase the life of your rug.


If the price you pay for warmth is loss of sleep during the wee hours, you no doubt agree with the old radiator refrain, “A hiss is pure bliss, but them clangs are gosh dang!” What’s the cause of all the ruckus? Usually the problem is due to incorrectly sloping pipes. Pipes that aren’t tilted back toward the source pipe give the water a chance to collect and block the steam, causing clangs. Try this: Place small blocks of wood under the radiator’s legs to angle the pipes back toward their source. Then go back to bed.


Wrap it in plastic (a large garbage bag works well) and slide it into the cover. Then gently pull the plastic out, leaving the pillow inside.


Keep that wonderful grouping by inserting toothpicks into the nail holes and paint right over them. Simply remove the toothpicks when the paint dries, and you’re ready to rehang.


Try a blob of white glue on the intruder. When the glue dries, peel it off, and the sliver might come, too!


The trick here is not to let it get out in the first place. To keep your comforter snug inside its cover, sew small plastic rings in strategic spots on the comforter—the corners and the center of each side, for example. Tack 2 five-inch pieces or so of thin bias tape inside the duvet cover, corresponding to where you sewed the rings. Now place your comforter back inside the cover, spreading it out. Tie the strings to the rings using a square knot (left over right and under; right over left and under), fluff the comforter, and place it back on your bed. To launder the cover, simply untie the strings and remove the comforter.

Those too lazy to sew can fasten the comforter to the cover at strategic spots using medium-size safety pins. Check the pins often if you plan to jump on the bed.


Pour a quart of white vinegar into the water chamber, put in a filter, and run the machine through its brewing cycle. Put the vinegar in again, but this time let it sit for half an hour. Run through the brewing cycle again. Then run a pot of fresh water through the entire cycle. Repeat with a second pot of fresh water.

Your guests go home, but the white rings from their wet glasses remain …

Head to the kitchen and make a thin paste of salad oil and salt. Using your fingers, gently massage this mixture into the ring. Let it sit for an hour or so, then wipe it off with a clean cloth. Or cover the ring with petroleum jelly, let it sit for a day, and then wipe it off. Next time, remember the coasters!


Tape several sheets of newspaper together and lay them on the floor. Arrange your frames on the newspaper until you like the grouping. Outline the pictures, then gently affix the newspaper to the wall. Drive your nails right through the paper where your outline indicates. Remove the newspaper and hang the pictures.


Try misting it with water. The wicker will swell and then tighten up, taking away the wiggles.


Toilet tanks perspire on hot days because flushing fills them with cold water and condensation occurs. Picture a tall glass of cold lemonade in the sunshine, and you’ll get the idea. Tanks also will sweat if they, like a long-distance jogger, are “running” all the time. This condition can be caused by two things: a leaky flapper valve or a ball that is set too high. Test to see if you have a leak by putting a few drops of food coloring in the tank. If it ends up in your bowl without anyone flushing, try lowering the ball and replacing the flapper valve. If it’s not a leak but your toilet still perspires due to flushing, try insulating the tank. Drain it, then use silicone glue to affix one-half-inch sheets of Styrofoam cut to size, or purchase a kit at your hardware store.


Scour food particles from the walls and blades, and remove unpleasant odors with this trick: Combine 1 cup vinegar and 1 cup water, pour into ice cube trays, and freeze. Remove the cubes and grind them in the disposal, then flush with water for 1 minute. Grind some lemon or orange peels for a pleasant fragrance, too.


Dip the screw end of the knob into shellac or clear fingernail polish. Screw it in. When it dries, it will be set.


Rub the container with a damp cloth dipped in baking soda. Or fill the stained container with water, drop in one or two foaming denture cleaning tablets, wait 20 minutes, and rinse. (Note: You would not clean your entire bathtub with denture tablets, but they are fine for small jobs. Want to make your rings sparkle? Drop some tablets in a glass and it will work.)

Holidays Around the World for Jan. 12: Saturnalia Roman Festival

Saturnalia Roman Festival

Second Sunday in January


The winter solstice celebration of Saturnalia, once a festive observance throughout the Roman Empire, was eventually subsumed by the celebration of Christmas. In the small Welsh village of Llanwrtyd Wells, located in an area that still features Roman structures and artifacts, residents devote a weekend to this long-forgotten holiday honoring the god Saturn.

Llanwrtyd Wells, which prides itself as the “wacky festival capital of the world,” takes a tongue-in cheek approach to the observance,which is organized to draw tourists as well as relive Roman culture. The festival’s gladiator chariot race, for example, accompanies a winter beer festival and features mountain bikes towing barrels instead of proper horse-drawn chariots.

This event and others attract attendees dressed in the requisite togas and laurel hats. Festival goers remain in costume forthe Saturnalia Ramble, a marked walk through the Welsh countryside along old Roman roads. To enhance the celebration,local pubs and restaurants offer Roman-themed food.


Green Events Ltd.
Tourist Information Centre

This Day in History, Jan. 12: Maiden Voyage of World’s Largest Ocean Liner, RMS Queen Mary 2 (2004)

Maiden Voyage of World’s Largest Ocean Liner, RMS Queen Mary 2 (2004)


RMS Queen Mary 2 (also referred to as the QM2) is a transatlantic ocean liner. She is the largest passenger ship built for the Cunard Line since Queen Elizabeth 2 in 1969, the vessel she succeeded as flagship of the line.[9] As of 2019, Queen Mary 2 is the only passenger ship operating as an ocean liner.[10]

The new ship was named Queen Mary 2 by Queen Elizabeth II in 2004 after the first RMS Queen Mary of 1936. Queen Mary was in turn named after Mary of Teck, consort of King George V. With the retirement of Queen Elizabeth 2 in 2008, Queen Mary 2 is the only transatlantic ocean liner in line service between Southampton, England, and New York City, United States, operating for a part of each year. The ship is also used for cruising, including an annual world cruise.[11]

She was designed by a team of British naval architects led by Stephen Payne, and was constructed in France by Chantiers de l’Atlantique. At the time of her construction, Queen Mary 2 held the distinctions of being the longest, at 1,131.99 ft (345.03 m), and largest, with a gross tonnage of 148,528 GT, passenger ship ever built. She no longer holds this distinction after the construction of Royal Caribbean International’s 154,407 GT Freedom of the Seas in April 2006, but remains the largest ocean liner ever built.

Queen Mary 2 was intended for routine crossings of the Atlantic Ocean, and was therefore designed differently from many other passenger ships. The liner’s final cost was approximately $300,000 US per berth. Expenses were increased by the high quality of materials, and having been designed as an ocean liner, she required 40% more steel than a standard cruise ship.[12] Queen Mary 2 has a maximum speed of just over 30 knots (56 km/h; 35 mph) and a cruising speed of 26 knots(48 km/h; 30 mph), much faster than a contemporary cruise ship. Instead of the diesel-electric configuration found on many ships, Queen Mary 2 uses integrated electric propulsion to achieve her top speed. Diesel engines, augmented by gas turbines, are used to generate electricity for electric motors for propulsion and for on-board use.

Some of Queen Mary 2‘s facilities include fifteen restaurants and bars, five swimming pools, a casino, a ballroom, a theatre, and the first planetarium at sea.


Queen Mary 2 is the flagship of Cunard Line. The ship was constructed for eventual replacement of the aging Queen Elizabeth 2, the Cunard flagship from 1969 to 2004 and the last major ocean liner built before the construction of Queen Mary 2Queen Mary 2 had the Royal Mail Ship (RMS) title conferred on her by Royal Mail when the ship entered service in 2004 on the Southampton to New York route, as a gesture to Cunard’s history.[13]

Queen Mary 2 is not a steamship like many of her predecessors, but is powered primarily by four diesel engines, with two additional gas turbines used when extra power is required; this integrated electric propulsion configuration is used to produce the power to drive her four electric propulsion pods as well as powering the ship’s hotel services.[14] The spaces for these prime movers are also split, and controls are also backed up, with the intention of preventing a single failure from disabling the ship.[15]

Like her predecessor Queen Elizabeth 2 she is built for crossing the Atlantic Ocean, and also is regularly used for cruising. In the winter season she cruises from New York to the Caribbean on twelve- or thirteen-day tours. Queen Mary 2‘s 30-knot (56 km/h; 35 mph) open ocean speed sets the ship apart from cruise ships, such as MS Oasis of the Seas, which has a service speed of 22.6 knots (41.9 km/h; 26.0 mph); Queen Mary 2‘s normal service speed is 26 knots (48 km/h; 30 mph).[14] While the hull of a cruise ship will typically have a block coefficient of 0.73 (1.0 would represent a rectangular block) Queen Mary 2 is more fine-lined, with a block coefficient of 0.61.[15]

Design and construction

Cunard completed a design for a new class of 84,000 GT, 2,000 passenger liners on 8 June 1998, but revised them upon comparing those specifications with Carnival Cruise Line’s 100,000 GT Destiny-class cruise ships and Royal Caribbean International’s 137,276 GT Voyager class.[16]

In December 1998, Cunard released details of Project Queen Mary, the project to develop a liner that would complement Queen Elizabeth 2. Harland and Wolff of Northern Ireland, Aker Kværner of Norway, Fincantieri of Italy, Meyer Werft of Germany, and Chantiers de l’Atlantique of France were invited to bid on the project. The contract was finally signed with Chantiers de l’Atlantique, a subsidiary of Alstom, on 6 November 2000. This was the same yard that built Cunard’s former rivals, the SS Normandie and SS Franceof the Compagnie Générale Transatlantique.[16]

Her keel was laid down on 4 July 2002, in the construction dock at Saint-Nazaire, France, with the hull number G32. Approximately 3,000 craftsmen spent around eight million working hours on the ship, and around 20,000 people were directly or indirectly involved in her design, construction, and fitting out. In total, 300,000 pieces of steel were assembled into 94 “blocks” off the dry dock, which were then stacked and welded together to complete the hull and superstructure.[17] After floating out on 21 March 2003, the Queen Mary 2 was fitted out in the large fitting out basin (“Bassin C”), the first ship to use this huge dry dock since the shipyard built large tankers in the 1970s, such as the MV Gastor. Her sea trials were conducted during 25–29 September and 7–11 November 2003,[18] between Saint-Nazaire and the offshore islands of Île d’Yeu and Belle-Île.[citation needed]The final stages of construction were marred by a fatal accident on 15 November 2003, when a gangway collapsed under a group of shipyard workers and their relatives who had been invited to visit the vessel. In total, 32 people were injured and 16 were killed, after a 15-metre (49 ft) fall into the drydock.[19]

Construction was completed on schedule.[citation needed] On 22 December 2003, Queen Mary 2 left Saint-Nazaire and arrived in Southampton, England, on 26 December 2003.[20] On 8 January 2004, the liner was officially named by Queen Elizabeth II.[21][22]


Queen Mary 2‘s principal naval architect was Carnival’s in-house designer, Stephen Payne.[23] Payne intended many aspects of the ship’s design to resemble notable aspects of former ocean liners, such as Queen Elizabeth 2 and the ship’s predecessor Queen Mary. These features include the three thick black lines that wrap around either edge of the ship’s bridge screen, and at the stern end of the superstructure, which are to recall the appearance of the crossovers of the forward decks on the first Queen Mary.[24]

Queen Mary 2 has 14,164 square metres (152,460 sq ft) of exterior deck space, with wind screens to shield passengers as the ship travels at high speeds. Three of the ship’s four swimming pools are outdoors. One of the pools on Deck 12 is covered with a retractable magrodome. The indoor pool is on Deck 7, in the Canyon Ranch Spa Club.

In common with liners such as RMS Queen Mary, there is a continuous wrap-around promenade deck on Deck 7. The promenade passes behind the bridge screen and allows passengers to completely circumnavigate the deck while protected from the winds. One circuit of the promenade is a distance of 620 m (2,030 ft). The flanking promenades are created by the need to step the superstructurein, to allow for space for lifeboats. By SOLAS standards, the lifeboats should have been lower on the ship’s hull (15 m (49 ft) above the waterline), but for the sake of Queen Mary 2‘s appearance as well as to avoid the danger of large North Atlantic waves damaging the boats in a storm, Payne convinced SOLAS officials to exempt Queen Mary 2 from this requirement, and the boats are 25 m (82 ft) above the waterline.[25]

Payne’s initial intent was to make the ship’s stern profile with a spoon shape, similar to that on most previous ocean liners, but the mounting of the propeller pods required a flat transom. The compromise was a Constanzi stern – a combination of the two; the Constanzi stern provides the transom required for azimuthal pod propulsors and has better seaholding characteristics in a following swell than a standard transom stern.[26] In common with many modern ships, both passenger and cargo, Queen Mary 2 has a bulbous bow to reduce drag and thereby increase speed, range, and fuel efficiency.[27]

While of a design similar to that of Queen Elizabeth 2Queen Mary 2‘s funnel has a slightly different shape, because a taller funnel would have made it impossible for the ship to pass under the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge in New York City at high tide. The final design permits a minimum of 13 feet (4.0 m) of clearance under the bridge.[28]

As Queen Mary 2 is too large to dock in many ports, passengers are ferried to and from the ship in tenders, which can be used as lifeboats in an emergency. These are stored while at sea in davits alongside the lifeboats. To transport passengers to shore the tenders pull up to one of four loading stations, each of which has a large hull door that hydraulically opens outwards to form a boarding platform, complete with railings and decking.[14]

Queen Mary 2 is a post-Panamax ship. As a result, Queen Mary 2 must circumnavigate South America to cross directly between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. The decision not to constrain her height to transit the Panama Canal was taken as Queen Elizabeth 2 only transited once a year, during the world cruise. Cunard decided to pass up the convenience of the occasional passage in favour of a greater passenger capacity.[29]


As is the case with many modern passenger ships, many of the major public rooms on board Queen Mary 2 are on the lowest public decks of the ship, with the passenger cabins stacked above.[30] This is the opposite of the traditional practice on ocean liners, but the design allowed for larger rooms to be contained within the stronger hull, as well as for more passenger cabins to have private balconies higher up on the ship, where they are less affected by large waves.[citation needed] Payne attempted to create a central axis to the two main public room decks (similar in fashion to the Normandie), but a full vista is broken by various public rooms that span the full beam of the ship.[citation needed] The dining rooms were placed further aft, though not directly at the stern, where the fore-and-aft pitching of the ship is most noticeable, and might cause discomfort to dining passengers.[citation needed]

Deck 2, the lowest passenger deck, contains the Illuminations theatre, cinema and planetarium (the first at sea);[31] Royal Court Theatre; Grand Lobby; “Empire Casino”; “Golden Lion Pub”; and the lower level of the “Britannia Restaurant”. Deck 3 holds the upper levels of “Illuminations”, the “Royal Court theatre” and the “Britannia Restaurant”, as well as a small shopping arcade, “Veuve Cliquot champagne bar”, the “Chart Room”, “Sir Samuel’s” wine bar, the “Queen’s Room”, and the “G32” Nightclub. The other main public deck is Deck 7, on which are the “Canyon Ranch Spa”, “Carinthia Lounge”, “King’s Court”, the “Queen’s Grill Lounge”, and the “Queen’s Grill” and “Princess Grill” restaurants for higher-fare passengers. The public rooms on Deck 8 include the à la carte “Verandah Restaurant” an 8,000-volume library[32] (the largest of any cruise ship[33]), a book shop and the upper part of the Canyon Ranch Spa. Also on Deck 8 is a large outdoor pool and terrace at the stern.[30] The kennels, located aft on starboard side of Deck 12, are available only for transatlantic crossings. They can accommodate up to twelve dogs and cats in six small and six large cages.[34]

The King’s Court area on the ship is open twenty four hours a day, serving as a buffet restaurant for breakfast and lunch. The overall space is divided into quarters, with each section decorated according to the theme of the four separate alternate dining venues that are “created” each evening through lighting, tableware, and menus: Lotus, which specialises in Asian cuisine; the Carvery, a British style grille; La Piazza, with Italian food; and the Chef’s Galley, which offers an interactive experience to food preparation.[35][36]

The passengers’ dining arrangements on board are dictated by the type of accommodation in which they choose to travel. Around 85% of passengers are in Britannia class, and, therefore, dine in the main restaurant. However, passengers can choose to upgrade to either a “junior suite”, and dine in the “Princess Grill”‘, or a suite, and dine in the “Queens’ Grill”.[37][38] Those in the two latter categories are grouped together by Cunard as “Grill Passengers”, and they are permitted to use the “Queens’ Grill Lounge” and a private outdoor area on deck 11 with its own whirlpool.[30][39] This feature is also present on both Queen Victoria and Queen Elizabeth. However, all other public areas can be used by all passengers.[40]

As the Britannia Restaurant takes up the full width of the ship on two decks, a ‘tween deck, called Deck 3L, was devised to allow passengers to walk from the Grand Lobby to the Queen’s Room without traversing the dining room mid-meal. The deck consists of two corridors that run beneath the upper balcony of the restaurant on Deck 3, and above the main dining area on Deck 2. This is why the balcony of the Britannia has tiers that step up towards the hull. This arrangement is illustrated on the hull where there is a stack of three rows of windows in the area where the main restaurant sits, the two upper and lower most rows illuminate the dining room, while the centre row serves Deck 3L. There is a similar arrangement through the Royal Court Theatre. As well, the passages that run on either side of Illuminations on Deck 3 ramp upwards to compensate for the change in deck elevation between the entrance to Illuminations and an elevator bank forward of the room.[30]

More than 5000 commissioned works of art are visible in Queen Mary 2‘s public rooms, corridors, staterooms and lobbies, having been created by 128 artists from sixteen different countries.[41] Two of the most notable pieces are Barbara Broekman’s tapestry, an abstract depiction of an ocean liner, bridge, and New York skyline which spans the full height of the Britannia Restaurant, and the British sculptor John McKenna’s sheet bronze relief mural in the Grand Lobby, a 7 m square portrait of the ship fabricated in bronze inspired by the Art Deco mural in the main dining room of the original Queen Mary.[42]


Power plant and propulsion system

Queen Mary 2‘s power plant comprises four sixteen-cylinder Wärtsilä 16V46CR EnviroEngine marine diesel engines, generating a combined 67,200 kW (90,100 hp) at 514 rpm, and two General Electric LM2500+ gas turbines, which together provide a further 50,000 kW (67,000 hp), all of which is converted into electricity used to power electric motors that drive the propellers. Such an arrangement, known as integrated electric propulsion (IEP), provides for economical cruising at low speed combined with an ability to sustain much higher speeds when required, and has been common in naval vesselsfor some time.[14] While Queen Mary 2 is the first passenger ship to feature IEP propulsion, the first major passenger vessel to be powered by gas turbines was the Finnish ferry GTS Finnjet in 1977.[43]

Thrust is provided by four Rolls-Royce Mermaid azimuth thruster type podded propulsion units,[44][45] each featuring one forward-facing low-vibration propeller with separately bolted blades. The forward pair of thrusters is fixed, but the aft pair can swivel through 360°, removing the need for a rudder.[14] The Queen Mary 2 is the first quadruple-propeller passenger ship completed since the SS France in 1961.[46] Queen Mary 2 carries eight spare blades on the foredeck, immediately forward of the bridge screen.[citation needed]

Because Queen Mary 2‘s propulsion machinery is electrically decoupled from her propellers, her propulsion arrangement may arguably be more accurately described as “CODLAG electric” (by analogy with turbo-electric and diesel-electric);[citation needed] however “integrated electric propulsion” is the term of art. The diesel engines and gas turbines drive electric generators, which provide the power to drive four 21,500 kW (28,800 hp) Alstom electrical motors located inside the podded propulsors (and thus entirely outside the vessel’s hull).[14] Unusually, Queen Mary 2‘s gas turbines are not housed along with her diesels in the engine room deep in her hull, but instead are in a soundproofed enclosure directly beneath the funnel. This arrangement allowed the vessel’s designers to supply the oxygen-hungry turbines with air intakes without having to run air ducts the height of the ship, which would have wasted valuable interior space.[14]

In addition to the primary thrusters, the ship is also fitted with three bow thrusters, with a power output of 3.2 MW each. These allow the ship to turn in its own length while in port, to conduct more complex docking manoeuvres.[14]


Inspiration for the Day for January 12: We Are Beings of Light


We Are Beings of Light


It is through our connection to our light that we know things beyond what the visible world can tell us.

We are all beings of light. Put another way, we are spiritual beings having a human experience. As children, most of us know this, but other human beings who have forgotten what they really are and who cannot help us to know ourselves train us to forget. As a result, we are led to believe that magic is not real, that our invisible playmates do not really exist, and that we are limited beings with only one earthly life to live. There is enormous pressure to conform to this concept of ourselves and so we lose touch with our full potential, forgetting that we are beings of light.

At this time, many of us are reawakening to the truth of who we are, because we are living amidst such large-scale changes in the world. We need to access this light in order to not only survive but thrive as we shift into a new order of consciousness. As the changes around us proceed in rapid progression, we will want to be able to trust our own ability to sense what is happening and how we can best respond. We are no longer living in a predictable world in which we can trust external authority figures and prior ideas about reality to guide us. We need to be able to access the information that will help us navigate these uncertain waters, and the ultimate authority resides in our awareness of ourselves as beings of light.

It is through our connection to this light that we know things beyond what the visible world can tell us, and we see things beyond what the physical world reveals. In order to access this wisdom, we can simply allow ourselves to remember that we are not limited, as we have been taught. In fact, we are filled with divine grace and power that is ours for the asking. A daily practice of tuning into this vast potential, conversing with it, and offering ourselves up to it opens the door through which we can reclaim our true identity, taking ownership of the calling that the time has come to create bliss on earth.


–The Daily OM



Mantras have been uttered throughout history—in various religions and all over the world—to offer voice to inner workings and wants. A mantra is a series of words or sounds that can aid you in meditation, and in shifting habitual thought patterns. Mantras are also useful in spell casting, as speaking words aloud—sometimes over and over—is thought to help in manifesting whatever you are seeking into existence. At the very least, a well-chosen mantra can provide a sense of self-confidence and empowerment.

The birth of the New Year is a time of hope, and of preparation for whatever is on the horizon.  A useful mantra can help guide you down life’s path (your path) in 2019.

Here, the mantra that will benefit you the most, based on your sun sign.




You’re the type of person who loves to take on life with the full force of your seemingly never-ending energy. But, while you may have great momentum during the first few months of the year, things will likely slow down when the planets make their transits into the earth and water signs. Don’t get discouraged. Instead, nurture that inner flame, and channel it into the things you can control.




As an earth sign, you try to stay as grounded and are not the biggest fan of change. Sorry, Taurus—prepare to kiss your current life goodbye in 2019 as Uranus enters your sign, where it will remain for the next seven years. By the end of that period, every aspect of the life you know now will be shaken up. Embrace it! Change is not to be feared — it serves to guide us to our higher selves. Like a mighty oak tree, your deep roots allow you to endure any storm.




The needs of loved ones will become a major priority in 2019, but if you lose yourself in taking care of others, you risk not being heard when you express your own needs. Jupiter’s transit into your opposite sign of Sagittarius—where it will stay for the majority of the year—will allow plenty of time for self-reflection. Why not you? The answer: No reason at all! It’s time to take your power back and dazzle the world with your sparkle.




As the caretaker of the zodiac, you often devote your energy and boundless love towards others. While we love you for this, 2019 is a year for self-care. Let’s face it, you’re burnt out. Luckily, North Node will be in your sign, guiding you down a path of healing. It’s time to take the love that you give to others and allow it to fill your soul. It won’t be easy, but it’s worth it.




2019 is a year of transformation for you, Leo. Time to shed your old identity and prepare for your next role, even if it keeps you out of the spotlight for the time being. You’ve never been fearful of change but navigating the darkness of transformation—most likely alone—can be scary. Fear not, as your inner light will continue to shine and guide you towards the next phase of your life’s journey.




Thanks to Jupiter in Sagittarius and Venus’s two conjunctions with the planet for most of the year, this is a time of reconnecting with family and finding a sense of home wherever you travel. While you’ll love the strong familial bonds and the feeling of home you’ve created, you may feel silenced—or that your needs are not being met. It’s okay to ask for what you need; people want to help you just like you help them.




Admit it, Libra, you are a chronic people pleaser—even in regard to those who may not deserve your attention. Luckily, 2019 is the year to cut off anyone who brings you down. With two full moons in your sign during the first half of the year, take a look at your friend group and opt to remove anyone who has proven to be toxic. You’ll be surprised how much lighter you feel once you’ve spoken your truth.




You pride yourself on being the most mysterious person in the room—being called “hard to read” is a compliment. However, the mysticism you’ve cultivated will not cut it in 2019, as Pluto keeps pushing you to express your truth. This does not come easily to you, but with North Node in Cancer and the three solar eclipses on the Capricorn/Cancer axis, you’ll find that people will love you more for being open with them. Break down your walls and let in love.




This is a big year for you! With Jupiter settling into your sign for most of the year, you feel larger than life. There’s nothing you can’t achieve, and a duet of conjunctions with Venus this year will keep the optimism flowing. Be careful not to overdo it, thus conjuring some calamity in your personal life. Honor yourself and your inner magic by taking care of your health and well-being.




Sometimes it feels like you are carrying the world on your shoulders, like Atlas of mythology. It’s very hard for you to give up responsibility—or even take a vacation. But if you value your mental health, you need to take some of that weight off your shoulders. While the planets push you into a workaholic realm, use your intuition to make the best decisions. You want to help everyone, but it’s important to stay loyal to yourself.




You hate to play by the rules. So, with Saturn and Pluto enter Capricorn and stay there for most of the year, you may feel restricted and suffocated—which could cause tension between you and any loved ones that don’t share your views. Don’t back down! Use 2019 to carve your own path and find like-minded souls. No one ever started a revolution single-handed. Have faith in your cause.




You’ve always prided yourself on being your authenticity. But with Neptune in your sign, the perception of who you are will become unclear to everyone — including yourself. This disconnect between who you are and who people believe you are could lead to quite the crisis in identity. The only way to avoid distress is self-reflection. Remember who you are at the core of your being, and stay true to that person.


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This year, Chinese New Year (also known as the Lunar New Year) falls on Tuesday, February 5. Though this is a full month after the western celebration of the new year, this holiday marks the change from the year of the earth Dog to the year of the earth Pig.

Most notably, this year is all about devotion to friends and family. Pig years are great for spending time with those you love. Make sure you create space for meals with people who important to you!

Of course, the main thing to watch out for during Pig years is a tendency to overindulge. Keep your spending in check, and at all those meals with your friends and family, watch your portion sizes. Take steps to rid yourself of bad habits and addictions. Keep this in mind, and 2019 can be a very productive year for you. The earth element is practical and fiscally responsible. Take some time to set your goals and look into ways to procrastinate less and to release fears of failure and success. You will likely have increased willpower and focus for your most desired objectives.  Patience will be rewarded and so “slow and steady” wins the race. Chip away at your bigger goals by doing a little bit each day.  

But most of all, connections have the potential to grow stronger, and new, beneficial bonds can be made. Paying things forward, focusing on kindness, and being considerate to others will bring you opportunities this year.  


Unlike western traditions like champagne, noisemakers, and fireworks, the traditional ways to mark Chinese New Year tend to be more symbolic, such as wearing something to mark the opportunities coming your way or saying pleasant things to everyone you meet to bring luck to yourself and others.

This day that sets the tone for the rest of the year, so spend some time spreading kindness, offering compliments to others — as well as to yourself. (Sidenote: skip the chicken entree. It’s said if you eat chicken on Chinese New Year, you’ll spend the year scratching in the dirt for your money!)

Read to discover how your Chinese Zodiac sign interacts with the year of the Pig.




Rat sneaks in to steal Pig’s dinner, Pig chases Rat away.  

You need to be quick on your feet this year. But good news! No one’s quicker than lucky Rat. Everything you want is there for the taking but you need to make sure you’re first in line.  



Ox and Pig live happily on the farm together.  

A positive, happy year for Ox natives. The course you set yourself on last year now shows you it was the correct choice to make. The road ahead smooths out and you make great progress.  



Tiger and Pig face off and spar… guess who wins?  

It’s a little challenging this year as you seem to be hearing “no” more often than you generally like. However, even taking the smallest amount of action brings you great results. You’ll end the year with a win.  



Rabbits dine well on what falls outside the Pig’s pen. 

A lucky year for Rabbit as you are in harmony with the energy. Your sensitive, intuitive nature causes you to be in the right place at the right time. Finding supportive people to help you is easy this year.  



Mighty Dragon makes his presence known, Pig sleeps through the show. 

A somewhat irritating year for Dragon as all this lazy, indulgent energy doesn’t seem to benefit you and your goals. Fortunately, you can adjust. Soon you’ll see unexpected ways to profit.  



Snake threatens Pig, Farmer kills Snake.

A challenging year for Snake as Pig is the opposing sign. You are not getting much support this year even from those you love. But no matter, you have the power to accomplish many things especially when others underestimate your abilities.  



Horse paces in his pen, Pig is happy in his.

This is a year for making adjustments. Horse natives should not lock themselves into long contracts or rash promises. Give yourself the freedom to change and you will attract many opportunities.  



Pigs and Goats dine together.

A happy year for peace-loving Goat. You’re in harmony with the energy of Pig. You will receive a lot of interest in your projects and support for your plans. Let others know how they can help you.  



Monkey teases Pig, Pig doesn’t notice. 

A somewhat frustrating year for clever, energetic Monkey. Others nap when you want adventure and fun. The rest of the world may be shocked at your choices this year but you will prosper if you’re true to yourself.  



Rooster wakes the farm, life moves along pleasantly.

A harmonious year as you find projects and goals you’ve been working on for a while really start to show some results. There are many opportunities for you this year. Expand your circle of friends and you’ll benefit.  



Dog herds Pig, Pig ignores Dog .

This will be a much easier year for you. You’ve made some changes and wise choices. Now options will present themselves for your career as well as relationships. The road ahead is clear, obstacles are now gone.  



Pig enjoys the company of other pigs and the party begins.

It’s your year. This is the beginning of your 12-year cycle. Out with the old and in with the new. Let go of anything or anyone who’s been holding you back. As you release what you don’t want, you will be showered with new opportunities. Enjoy.


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Get A Jump On Tomorrow, Your Daily Horoscopes for Sunday, January 13

Get A Jump On Tomorrow…..

Your Daily Horoscopes for Sunday, January 13

Claire Petulengro, Astrologer

From The Astrology Room


ARIES (March 21st-April 20th)

What do you think happens when we worry about things which are not under our control? We lose any control we had and start to feel scared and anxious. So, whatever it costs you in friends and pride you are going to have to say what needs to be said today.


TAURUS (April 21st-May 21st)

Be gentle with yourself please Aries, as the progress you need to make requires baby steps, not big ones. You’re missing people who used to be a regular part of your life, but evolution is all about growth and moving forward. Embrace this.


GEMINI (May 22nd-June 21st)

You have not done something you were supposed to do and in the process you have left yourself feeling disappointed. Look at the clock Gemini, you still have time! Children bring joy with something they do in your honour.


CANCER (June 22nd-July 23rd)

Don’t be afraid to tell others what it is you want and expect from them, or you are only going to end up giving some very mixed signals. People are used to a sign such as you wearing their heart on their sleeve, so don’t stop now.


LEO (July 24th-August 23rd)

What is your passion in life Leo and what is it you want to achieve? It is only by answering this question with total honesty that you will be able to commit to the next stage of your life. Not big changes, huge ones Leo!


VIRGO (August 24th-September 23rd)

It’s not like you to be shy Virgo, but it would seem that someone most definitely has got you lost for words. Try not to play games tonight, although the moon will be encouraging you! Fact, not fiction will get you what and who you want.


LIBRA (September 24th-October 23rd)

Try not to believe what others say this weekend, as many of the signs really are talking for the sake of it. Wouldn’t it be far better for you to put your time and energy into returning those calls which you owe to several people?


SCORPIO (October 24th-November 22nd)

You are approaching a really exciting time of your life Scorpio, where you no longer worry so much what other people think about you. Instead, you want to taste success and the things you used to feel fearful of you now embrace.


SAGITTARIUS (November 23rd-December 21st)

Try not to be jealous of the attention which others are getting, your turn will come. Truth be told Sagittarius, you should be pleased the other faces in your life are all beginning to get along.


CAPRICORN (December 22nd-January 20th)

The way you view yourself is changing and I really like the more confident air which has befallen you. Try not to gang up against a family member who I see has already taken more than they can handle.


AQUARIUS (January 21st-February 19th)

If you can be patient with a close one who has been acting rather strangely of late, then you will learn that it was other issues and not you that were making them act in such a nervous manner. From here on in you work as an unstoppable team.


PISCES (February 20th-March 20th)

Have more faith in your work or you are going to end up convincing your close ones that you don’t really want to stay on the path you’re on, when you and I know you’ve merely had a blip.


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