The Old Farmer’s Almanac for Jan. 18: SURVIVING BLIZZARDS, COLD SNAPS, AND POWER OUTAGES

 

SURVIVING BLIZZARDS, COLD SNAPS, AND POWER OUTAGES

HOW TO PREPARE FOR EXTREME WINTER WEATHER
Ever had a blizzard or snowstorm cause power outages or emergency conditions? How do you prepare and survive the storm? Here are some tips from a winter weather veteran.
Up here in northern New England, we have had our fair share of walloping Nor’easters. One year, blizzard conditions rolled into town at night, and we’d accumulated 10 inches of wet, heavy snow, and lost power within hours.

When we lose power, our two wood stoves—one of them a modern cookstove with an oven—keep us warm and well-fed, and prevent our pipes from freezing.

BEFORE THE BLIZZARD

This is our emergency-preparation routine:

  • We leave the chickens indoors, with plenty of food and water.
  • We assemble charged flashlights and kerosene lamps on the kitchen table.
  • We load the wood boxes.
  • We locate the snow shovels and the roof rake, and set them inside the greenhouse (our entry to the rest of the house).
  • We take showers and leave the tub half-filled with flushing water, in anticipation of a power outage. We fill a couple of big stockpots with drinking and cooking water.

AFTER THE BLIZZARD

During a particularly bad nighttime blizzard, after a fitful sleep, we awoke to 14 inches of snow, still wet and heavy, still coming down. By mid-morning, the snow had stopped.

Be sure you have strong shovels on hand! After the snow stopped, we donned outdoor gear and tackled two hours plus of heavy shoveling. Our fridge and root cellar were full. We had non-perishable food and water in the pantry.

Stock a battery-powered radio (rechargeable with a hand crank). As telephone cables were downed by the blizzard, our radio told us that hundreds of thousands were without power. Roads in town couldn’t even be plowed until utility crews arrived to saw up downed trees and untangled dangerous wires on the road.

By then, our utility’s emergency phone line was telling us to prepare for a “multi-day event.” They’d called in hundreds of utility-line workers from eastern Canada and as far south as Tennessee. My big concern: lack of power to the two big freezers in the cellar that hold a season’s worth of homegrown fruits and vegetables—our winter stash. I threw insulating quilts over them and hoped for the best.

I’ve lived most of my life in rural towns in northern New England, and over the decades, I’ve learned a few hard lessons about winter. No matter how well-prepared I think I am, I sometimes forget essentials, and things come up that I hadn’t imagined.

  • What do you do when your septic system freezes? The year my daughter Molly was two, our aged septic drain pipe cracked underground, leaked, and froze solid from early December until mid-April. (We’ve long since replaced it.) That winter we sponge-bathed, tossed dishwater into the bushes behind the woodshed, and fashioned a series of makeshift toilets in the basement: 5-gallon buckets and ample amounts of wood ashes. Come spring, we trucked the pails far into the sugarbush, dug holes, and buried the contents.
  • What happens if you hurt yourself? During a three-day blizzard, I sliced my finger to the bone hacking away at a winter squash. The gash really needed stitches, but there was no way we could get out and drive the 20 miles to an urgent care center. I disinfected it, bathed it in a strong infusion of dried yarrow leaves (with styptic, antimicrobial, and anti-inflammatory properties), then applied pressure with a sterile bandage until the bleeding slowed. I wrapped it with a dry, sterile gauze pad and bound it tightly with a big wad of duct tape. The next morning, I undid the bandage. The bleeding had stopped and I was pleased to note no swelling or oozing. I disinfected the area again, applied four butterfly bandages to keep the wound edges together, and again wrapped it with duct tape.

The message for rural-dwellers: Maintain a well-stocked first-aid kit, with bandages of all sizes and shapes, including butterfly bandages, self-adhesive elastic bandages, and a big roll of duct tape. I also keep bottles of over-the-counter pain-killers and liquid antihistamine, plenty of disinfectant, a digital thermometer, and a pair of fine-pointed tweezers for removing slivers.

Lessons learned from the latest storm

  • Have a backup plan for the landline. Last summer, our small town finally got wired with fiber-optic cable, and we signed up. One thing the sales and technical folks failed to tell us was that the optical cable, and along with it, our landline, would fail along with the power. Despite an 18-hour backup system in the basement, our phone did fail, and we spent one night and half the next day without any connection to the outside world. That was frightening. The high cost and poor cell service in our area has kept us from going mobile, but we’ve since found a very low-cost pay-as-you-go phone that connects with the most reliable service.
  • Keep an eye on the fire extinguishers. Midway through the storm, I thought to check the three we keep on hand; two all-purpose ones for the wood-stove areas, a smaller one for kitchen fires perched on the shelf alongside the herbs and spices over the gas stove. All had expired! We tend our stoves with care, keep combustibles far from both the stoves, and store the ashes in a covered metal trash barrel on a cement floor, but an accident, a moment of carelessness, or an electrical problem could cause a blaze.
  • Keep fresh batteries in the smoke detectors. I suddenly remembered we hadn’t changed the backup batteries in our hard-wired smoke detector system since it was installed three years ago. Guess what? We were out of the 9-volt batteries the system required.

After we recovered from the storm, I headed off to buy three new fire extinguishers, a cell phone, and a package of 9-volt batteries for the smoke alarms.

 

ABOUT THIS BLOG

“Living Naturally” is all about living a naturally healthy lifestyle. Margaret Boyles covers health tips, ways to avoid illness, natural remedies, food that’s good for body and soul, recipes for homemade beauty products, and ideas to make your home a healthy, safe haven. Our goal is also to encourage self-sufficiency, whether it’s relearning some age-old skills or getting informed on modern improvements that help us live better, healthier lives.

Published on The Old Farmers Almanac

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Today’s Holidays Around the World: Week of Prayer for Christian Unity

Week of Prayer for Christian Unity

January 18-25

The Week of Prayer for Christian Unity, as organized by the World Council of Churches, dates back to 1964. Calls forChristian unity and efforts to bring Christians of various denominations together in worship can be traced back at least 200years earlier, however. In 1908, the Rev. Paul Watson proposed a week-long observance dedicated to Christian unity to bescheduled between the feasts of St. Peter’s Chair (January 18) and St. Paul (January 25), the two great leaders of the firstChristians. The World Council of Churches maintains these dates. Each year an inter-denominational committee selects ascriptural theme and prepares the outlines of a worship service for each day of the Week of Prayer. Individual congregationsare free to use the material as is, or vary it to suit local practices and traditions.
CONTACTS:
World Council of Churches
150 route de Ferney
P.O. Box 2100
Geneva, 1211 Switzerland
41-22-791-6111; fax: 41-22-791-0361
www2.wcc-coe.org

 

 

This Day in History, Jan. 18: Dr. William Price Introduces Cremation to the UK (1884)

Dr. William Price Introduces Cremation to the UK (1884)

William Price (4 March 1800 – 23 January 1893)[1] was a Welsh doctor known for his support of Welsh nationalism, Chartismand his involvement with the Neo-Druidic religious movement. He has been recognised as one of the most significant figures of 19th-century Wales, and one of the most unusual in Victorian Britain.[2][3]

Born to a lower-class household in Monmouthshire, Wales, Price trained as a doctor in London, England before returning to Wales, becoming interested in the Chartists’ ideas regarding equal democratic rights for all men. Following their failed 1839 uprising, he escaped government persecution by fleeing to France, where he became convinced that an ancient prophecy predicted that he would liberate his country from English rule.

Returning to Wales, Price tried reviving what he believed to be the religion of the ancient druids, the Celtic Iron Age ritual specialists of western Europe. In doing so, he became one of the most prominent proponents of the Neo-Druidic movement, something that had been developing since the Welsh nationalist Iolo Morganwg’s activities in the late 18th century. After cremating his dead son in 1884, Price was arrested and put on trial by those who believed cremation was illegal in Britain; however, he successfully argued that there was no legislation that specifically outlawed it, which paved the way for the Cremation Act 1902. Upon his death, he was cremated in a ceremony watched by 20,000 onlookers.

Known for adhering to such principles as equal democratic rights for all men, vegetarianism, cremation and the abolition of marriage, all of which were highly controversial at the time, he has been widely labelled as an “eccentric” and a “radical”.[4] Since his death he has been remembered as “one of the great Welshmen of all time” with a permanent exhibition and statue dedicated to him being opened in the town of Llantrisant, where he had lived for much of his later life.[5]

Biography

Early Life: 1800–1821

William Price was born in a cottage at Ty’n-y-coedcae Farm (“The House in the Wooded Field”) near Rudry near Caerphilly in Glamorganshire on 4 March 1800.[6] His father, also named William Price (1761–), was an ordained priest of the Church of England who had studied at Jesus College, Oxford.[7] His mother, Mary Edmunds (1767–1844), was an uneducated Welshwoman who had been a maidservant prior to her marriage. Their marital union was controversial because Mary was of a lower social standing than William, something which was socially taboo in late 18th century British society.[7] The couple had three surviving children, Elisabeth (1793–1872), Mary (1797–1869) and Ann (1804–1878), prior to William’s birth.[8]

The elder Price suffered from an undiagnosed mental illness, acting erratically and experiencing fits of violent rage. He bathed either fully clothed or naked in local ponds, and collected snakes in his pockets for days at a time. Carrying a saw around, he removed bark from trees, then burning it while muttering certain words, also spitting onto stones, believing that it improved their value. His actions led to him becoming a threat to the local community, in one instance firing a gun at a woman whom he claimed was taking sticks from his hedgerow, and in another hurling a sharp implement at another man.[9]

At home, Welsh was William’s primary language, but he learned to speak English at school,[10] which was located two miles from his home, in Machen. Although only staying at school for three years, between the ages of 10 and 13, he passed most exams and proved himself a successful student. After spending six months living at home, he decided to become a doctor despite his father’s insistence that he become a solicitor.[11] Moving to Caerphilly, in 1814 he became apprenticed to successful surgeon Evan Edwards, and paid for his tuition with money supplied by various family members. One of these benefactors, his uncle the Reverend Thomas Price of Merriott, Somerset, advised him to give up this education, arguing that it was putting too great a financial strain upon Price’s family, but William was insistent that he should continue.[12]

In 1820, Price’s apprenticeship with Edwards came to an end, and despite his lack of funds, he moved to London in order to continue his studies. Taking up lodgings near to St Paul’s Cathedral, he entered The London Hospital in Whitechapel for a year of instruction under Sir William Blizard. He also registered at St Bartholomew’s Hospital, where he was under the instruction of surgeon John Abernethy.[13] Gaining employment caring for wealthy clients to help financially support his studies, Price eventually became a member of the Royal College of Surgeons of England, being awarded with a certificate signed by Blizard, Abernathy and others. Contemplating travelling to India following the culmination of his studies in London, he instead decided to return to Wales, where he would work as a general practitioner.[14]

Welsh Nationalism and Chartism: 1821–1839

Becoming a trained doctor, Price returned to Wales, setting up in his medical practice at Craig yr Helfa in Glyntaff, remaining there for seven years.[15][10] He rented Porth y Glo Farm in Upper Boat, filling the farm with goats and cattle, but was forcibly evicted.[16] He subsequently moved to the newly industrialised Taff Valley near to Pontypridd. It was here in 1823 that the workforce elected him to the position of chief surgeon at the Brown Lenox Chainworks in Pontypridd; he stayed in this job till 1871.[17][10] In June 1823 he was also appointed medical advisor to the wealthy Crawshay family who owned the ironworks at Merthyr and Treforest.[17] Spending time in Treforest, “a revolutionary town”, he came under the increasing influence of left-wing political ideas.[18] Being a proud Welsh nationalist, Price found likeminded friends in another wealthy family, the Guests, and gave a speech on Welsh history and literature at their Royal Eisteddfod in 1834, which Lady Charlotte Guest felt to be “one of the most beautiful and eloquent speeches that was ever heard”. On the basis of it, he was invited to take up the job of judging the eisteddfod’s bardic competition, with the prize being awarded to Taliesin, the son of the famous Welsh nationalist and Druid, Iolo Morganwg.[19]

Price became increasingly interested in Welsh cultural activities, which included those that had been influenced by the Neo-Druidic movement. He joined the Society of the Rocking Stone, a Neo-Druidic group that met at the Y Maen Chwyf stone circle in Pontypridd, and by 1837 had become one of its leading members. To encourage the revival of Welsh culture, he gave lessons every Sunday in the Welsh language, which he feared was dying out with the spread of English.[20] In 1838 he also called for the Society to raise funds to build a Druidical Museum in the town, the receipts from which would be used to run a free school for the poor. He was supported in this venture by Francis Crawshay, a member of the Crawshay family, but did not gain enough sponsors to allow the project to go ahead. In anger, he issued a statement in a local newspaper, telling the people that they were ignoring “your immortal progenitors, to whom you owe your very existence as a civilised people.”[20][21]

Meanwhile, Price’s social conscience had led him to become a significant figure in the local Chartist movement, which was then spreading about the country, supporting the idea that all men should have the right to vote, irrespective of their wealth or social standing. Many of the Chartists in the industrial areas of southern Wales took up arms in order to ready themselves for revolution against the government, and Price himself aided them in gaining such weaponry. According to government reports, by 1839 he had acquired seven pieces of field artillery. That same year, the Newport Rising took place, when many of the Chartists and their working class supporters rose up against the authorities, only to be quashed by soldiers, who killed a number of the revolutionaries. Price himself had recognised that this would happen, and he and his supporters had not joined in with the rebellion on that day. Nonetheless, he also realised that the government would begin a crackdown of those involved in the Chartist movement in retaliation for the uprising, and so he fled to France, disguised as a woman.[22]

Life as an Archdruid: 1840–1882

It was while in temporary exile as a political dissident in Paris, France that Price visited the Louvre museum, where he experienced what has been described as “a turning-point in his religious life.” He became highly interested in a stone with a Greek inscription that he erroneously felt depicted an ancient Celtic bard addressing the moon. He subsequently interpreted the inscription as a prophecy given by an ancient Welsh prince named Alun, declaring that a man would come in the future to reveal the true secrets of the Welsh language and to liberate the Welsh people: as historian Ronald Hutton later remarked however, “nobody else had heard of this person, or made (anything like) the same interpretation of the inscription”. Nonetheless, Price felt that this prophecy applied to him, and that he must return to Wales to free his people from the English-dominated authorities.[23]

Soon returning to Wales, Price set himself up as a Druid, founding a religious Druidic group that attracted a number of followers. Little is known of the specific doctrines which he preached, but his followers walked around carrying staffs engraved with figures and letters. Declaring that marriage was wrong as it enslaved women, he began having a relationship with a woman named Ann Morgan, whom he moved in with, and in 1842 she bore him a daughter. He baptised this child himself at the Rocking Stone in Pontypridd, naming her Gwenhiolan Iarlles Morganwg (meaning ‘Gwenhiolan, Countess of Glamorgan’).[24] He began developing an appearance that was unconventional at the time, for instance wearing a fox fur hat and emerald green clothing, as well as growing his beard long and not cutting his hair. He also began attempting to hold Druidic events, organising an eisteddfod at Pontypridd in 1844, but nobody turned up, and so, solitarily, he initiated his daughter as a bard at the event. In 1855 he then led a parade of the Ivorites, a friendly society that held to a philosophy of Welsh nationalism, through the streets of Merthyr Tydfil, accompanied by a half-naked man calling himself Myrddin (the Welsh name for Merlin) and a goat.[25]

Returning to his long-held idea of building a museum and school at Pontypridd, a local landowner, Sir Benjamin Hall, who wanted to encourage the revival of Welsh culture, allowed him to use his own land, although Price and the Halls subsequently fell out and the project was scrapped. Left with debts from the aborted project, Price once more escaped to France in 1861. Around this time, he began writing to the national press, making exaggerated statements about himself and Welsh history, for instance claiming that he was Lord of the Southern Welsh and that “All the Greek Books are the Works of the Primitive Bards, in our own Language!!!!!!!… Homer was born in the hamlet of Y Van near Caerphili. He built Caerphili Castle… the oldest Books of the Chinese confess the fact!!”[26]

In 1866 Price returned to Wales, finding that his daughter had grown up to live her own life following her mother, Ann Morgan’s, death. He settled to live in the town of Llantrisant, where he opened up a new medical practice, which proved to be a success, and he took a young farmer’s daughter, Gwenllian Llewelyn, (1859–1948)[27] who at the time was only twenty-one years old, to be his new partner, despite the fact that he was an old man by this time.[28] Despite his earlier pronouncements against marriage, he organised a Druidic wedding ceremony through which he married Gwenllian on 4 March 1881, on Price’s 81st birthday. Taking place at the Rocking Stone in Pontypridd, it involved Price addressing the sun at noon, and women dressed as the Three Graces were involved. The ceremony attracted a large audience, who according to reports found the whole proceeding amusing.[29] Meanwhile, in 1871, he had published a book, written in his own invented form of Welsh that he believed was the true language of the ancient Welsh. In the work, which had a title that translated as The Will of My Father, Price conceptualised the universe being created out of a snake’s egg by a supreme Father God. However, this work was largely ignored at the time and soon fell into obscurity.[30]

Later life and advocacy of cremation: 1883–1893

Gwenllian and Price’s first child was born on 8 August 1883,[27] a son whom Price named Iesu Grist (the Welsh for Jesus Christ), in an act of provocation against the traditional religion of the time, and also because he expected great things from his child. However, the infant died only five months later, on 10 January 1884.[27] Believing that it was wrong to bury a corpse, thereby polluting the earth, Price decided to cremate his son’s body, an act which at the time was taboo, although across the country there were already several proponents of it as a form of corpse disposal. He performed the funeral in the early evening of Sunday 13 January 1884, upon the summit of a hill to one side of Llantrisant. A number of local people noticed the fire, and upon discovering that Price was attempting to burn his infant son, surged on him. He was rescued from an angry mob by the police, who arrested him for what they believed was the illegal disposal of a corpse, and the body of his son, which had not yet been engulfed by the flames, was removed from the pyre.[31]

A post-mortem was performed on Iesu’s body by a local doctor, who concluded that the child had died of natural causes and had not been murdered. Price was therefore not charged with infanticide, but was instead tried in a Cardiff courtroom for performing cremation rather than burial, which the police believed to be illegal. Price argued that while the law did not state that cremation was legal, it also did not state that it was illegal either. The judge, Mr Justice Stephen (1829–1894), agreed. Price was freed, and returned to Llantrisant to find a crowd of supporters cheering for his victory. On 14 March, he was finally able to give his son a cremation involving his own personal Druidic prayers.[31] The case set a precedent which, together with the activities of the newly founded Cremation Society of Great Britain, led to the Cremation Act 1902.[32] In 1885 the first official cremation of the remains of Jeanette Pickersgill (1814–1885) took place at Woking Crematorium, and ten cremations are recorded as being performed in the following year. In 1892 a crematorium opened in Manchester, followed by one in Glasgow in 1895, Liverpool in 1896 and Birmingham Crematorium in 1903.[33]

The media interest in the court case had made Price famous, and he soon began to capitalise on this fame, selling three hundred medals, each depicting the cosmic egg and the snake that laid it, commemorating his victory, which sold at threepence each. He began to be invited to give lectures and attend public functions, but these did not prove to be particular successes, with much of his audiences not understanding either his philosophies, or his attire, which was made out of red cloth and embroidered with green letters.[34]

In late 1884, his wife gave birth to their second child, whom Price also named Iesu Grist, and on 27 May 1886 she then bore him a daughter, whom they named Penelopen.[35] He believed that his son had an important future ahead of him, being the prophesied second coming of Jesus Christ, his namesake, and predicted that he would come to reign over the earth. Meanwhile, in 1892 he erected a pole which was over sixty feet high, with a crescent moon symbol at its peak, on top of the hill where his first son had been cremated, and noted that he wanted his funeral to take place there as well.[36]

Price died at his home in Llantrisant on the night of 23 January 1893.[37] His final words, when he knew that he was near death, were “Bring me a glass of Champagne”. He drank the champagne and died shortly after.[38] On 31 January 1893, William Price was cremated on a pyre of two tons of coal, in accordance with his will, on the same hillside overlooking Llantrisant. It was watched by 20,000 people, and overseen by his family, who were dressed in a mix of traditional Welsh and his own Druidic clothing.[36] His wife would go on to remarry, this time to a road inspector employed by the local council, and she gave up her Druidic beliefs to join a conventional Christian denomination, having her two children baptised into it, and Iesu Grist was renamed Nicholas, never fulfilling the ambitious predictions that his father had made about him.[36]

Personal beliefs

Oil painting of Price by A.C. Hemming, 1918. On display at the Wellcome Collection in London.

Price held several strongly held beliefs that ran counter to the Victorian social norms of the time, and chose to promote them in a “most exhibitory fashion”.[39] Biographer Dean Powell considered him “a maverick and a rebel”, but was unsure as to whether Price’s eccentricity was a result of mental illness or not.[40]

A nudist, Price refused to wear socks, considering them to be unhygienic,[41] and washed coins, fearing that they were a source of cross-contamination.[41] He opposed vaccination, in part due to his brother’s childhood death following an inoculation,[40] and refused to treat patients who were tobacco smokers.[40] He was an advocate of vegetarianism, believing that eating meat “brought out the beast in man”, and denounced vivisection.[40] Price opposed marriage, which he saw as the enslavement of women, instead advocating free love.[41] Price also argued many fellow practitioners were nothing but ‘poison peddlers’, making their money selling drugs and profiting off the sick rather than tackling the cause of the illness.[27]

Price was also responsible for the building of the famous “Round houses” in Pontypridd. He convinced a local builder that he owned the land and these round houses were to be the gateway to his mansion. He neither owned the land nor a mansion.[citation needed]

Price believed that religion was often used to enslave people, and despised “sanctimonious preachers”.[42] His religious beliefs have provided an influence on the modern druidic movement. Michell referred to him as “a natural shaman”.[43]

Legacy

Soon after Price’s death, ballads commemorating him were composed and circulated throughout the local area for a number of years afterward. In 1896, an exhibition that commemorated his life was held in Cardiff, while a pamphlet biography of him was published to accompany it.[36] In 1940, a more significant biography about Price was published, entitled A Welsh Heretic, which was written by Islwyn Nicholas. In 1947, the Cremation Society put up a plaque commemorating him in the town of Llantrisant, while a statue of him was unveiled in the town in 1982, depicting the doctor in his characteristic fox-skin headdress, arms outstretched.[44] This was followed in 1992 when a memorial garden was named after him, and an exhibition about him opened in the town’s visitor centre.[5]

In a 1966 book examining the history of Llantrisant, author Dillwyn Lewis described Price as being “one of the most controversial figures of modern times.”[45] The historian Ronald Hutton would later describe him as “both one of the most colourful characters in Welsh history, and one of the most remarkable in Victorian Britain”[3] while his biographer Dean Powell considered him “the most notable individual in 19th century Wales”.[2]

References

Footnotes

  1. ^ “Price, William, Dr, (Llantrisant), papers”. Archives Network Wales. May 2003. Retrieved 2006-09-27.
  2. Jump up to:a b Powell 2005. p. 3.
  3. Jump up to:a b Hutton 2009. p. 253.
  4. ^ BBC Welsh hall of fame Archived 2006-06-27 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. Jump up to:a b Hutton 2009. p. 286.
  6. ^ Powell 2005, p. 6.
  7. Jump up to:a b Powell 2005, pp. 9–10.
  8. ^ Powell 2005, p. 9.
  9. ^ Powell 2005, pp. 10–11.
  10. Jump up to:a b c Hutton 2009, p. 253.
  11. ^ Powell 2005, p. 12.
  12. ^ Powell 2005, p. 13.
  13. ^ Powell 2005, pp. 15–17.
  14. ^ Powell 2005, p. 26.
  15. ^ Powell 2005, p. 27.
  16. ^ Powell 2005, pp. 27–29.
  17. Jump up to:a b Powell 2005, p. 29.
  18. ^ Powell 2005, p. 31.
  19. ^ Hutton 2009, pp. 253–254.
  20. Jump up to:a b Hutton 2009, p. 254.
  21. ^ Powell 2005, pp. 37–41.
  22. ^ Hutton 2009, pp. 254–255.
  23. ^ Hutton 2009, p. 255.
  24. ^ Hutton 2009. p. 255.
  25. ^ Hutton 2009, p. 256.
  26. ^ Hutton 2009. pp. 280–281.
  27. Jump up to:a b c d “Archived copy”. Archived from the original on 2016-06-27. Retrieved 2016-06-10.
  28. ^ Hutton 2009. p. 281.
  29. ^ Hutton 2009. p. 282.
  30. ^ Hutton 2009. pp. 281–282.
  31. Jump up to:a b Hutton 2009. p. 283.
  32. ^ “Doctor William Price”. Rhondda Cynon Taf Library Service. Retrieved 1 June 2012.
  33. ^ “srgw.demon.co.uk”http://www.srgw.demon.co.uk.
  34. ^ Hutton 2009. pp. 283–284.
  35. ^ Powell 2005. p. 95.
  36. Jump up to:a b c d Hutton 2009. p. 285.
  37. ^ “PRICE , WILLIAM ( 1800–1893 )”. National Library of Wales. 1959. Retrieved 17 January 2018.
  38. ^ Angus Deayton (22 January 2012). It’s Your Round – S02E05(radio)It’s Your Round (radio). S02E05. BBC Radio 4. Event occurs at 21:30.
  39. ^ Powell 2005, p. 3.
  40. Jump up to:a b c d Powell 2005, p. 41.
  41. Jump up to:a b c Powell 2005, p. 42.
  42. ^ Powell 2005, p. 33.
  43. ^ Michell 1997. p. 6.
  44. ^ Llantrisant timeline Archived 2008-09-07 at the Wayback Machine.
  45. ^ Lewis 1966. p. 57.

Bibliography[edit]

Bracegirdle, Cyril (1997). Dr. William Price: Saint or Sinner?. Gwasg Carreg Gwalch. ISBN 978-0-86381-434-1.
Hutton, Ronald (2009). Blood and Mistletoe: The History of the Druids in Britain. New Haven: Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-14485-7.
Lewis, Dillwyn (1966). The History of Llantrisant. Beddau Centenary Committee.
Michell, John (1984). Eccentric Lives and Peculiar Notions. London: Thames and Hudson. ISBN 978-0-7474-0353-1.
Powell, Dean (2005). Eccentric: The Life of Dr. William Price. Llantrisant, Wales: Dean Powell. ISBN 978-0-9550854-0-6.

Inspiration for the Day for Jan. 18: Words Are Energy

 

 

Words Are Energy

BY MADISYN TAYLOR

Each word we speak has a life of its own, a vibratory signature that creates waves into the expanse of the universe.

When we speak or write, we use the vehicles of words to carry meaning, as well as energy, from ourselves to another person or group of people. We may be speaking to our baby, our boss, or to an audience of 500 people. We may be writing a love letter, a work-related memo, or an entry in our own diary. Whatever the case, each word we speak or write has a life of its own, a vibratory signature that creates waves in the same way that a note of music creates waves. And like musical notes, our words live in communities of other words and change in relation to the words that surround them. When we are conscious of the energy behind our words, we become capable of making beautiful music in the world. If we are unconscious of the power of words, we run the risk of creating a noisy disturbance.

Some of us know this instinctively, while others come to this understanding slowly. Most of us, though, speak without thinking at least some of the time, blurting out our feelings and thoughts without much regard for the words we choose to express them. When we remind ourselves that our words have an impact on the world at the level of energy, we may find within ourselves the desire to be more aware of our use of language.

A fun way to increase our sensitivity to the power of words is to simply make a list of our favorite words and notice the energy they contain. We can write them down and post them where we can see them, or we can speak them aloud, feeling them reverberate in our bodies and in the air around us. This is like learning to consciously play an instrument that we have been playing unconsciously for most of our lives, and the effect can be startling and delightful. As we grow more comfortable and confident playing the instrument of language, we will begin to compose beautiful messages, creating positive energy every time we write or speak.

–Daily OM

Get A Jump on Tomorrow, Your Horoscopes for Saturday, Jan. 19th

Get A Jump on Tomorrow….

Your Horoscopes for Saturday, Jan. 19th

 

Moon Alert

We have the “all clear” today to shop and do business. The Moon is in Cancer.

Aries (March 21-April 19)

In the next few weeks, your popularity will increase. Everyone will want to see your face. (Yes, you will have to get dressed.) This window of time is an excellent time to set future goals and discuss them with others to get their feedback. Try it.

Taurus (April 20-May 20)

For the next four weeks, the Sun is at the top of your chart casting you in a flattering light (symbolically), which is why bosses, parents and VIPs are going to be so impressed with you. You don’t even have to do anything special. Take this one to the bank!

Gemini (May 21-June 20)

Travel as much as possible in the next few weeks because you want to have some adventure and a change of scenery! Be a tourist in your own backyard. You can also expand your world through study, film and talking to people from other backgrounds.

Cancer (June 21-July 22)

You will be more focused on taxes, debt, shared property, inheritances and insurance issues in the next four weeks. The good news is that you will get some of this stuff done! Plow through that paperwork. Be ruthless. “Be gone!”

Leo (July 23-Aug. 22)

Because the Sun is opposite your sign for the next four weeks, you will be more tired than usual and will definitely need more sleep. However, this polarized position of the Sun will make you focus on your partnerships and close friendships more than usual. How can you improve them?

Virgo (Aug. 23-Sept. 22)

By nature, you like to be organized. (This doesn’t mean you are – but you wish you would be.) In the next four weeks, you will work to get better organized and make an effort to work smarter and be more efficient. You will also want to improve your health.

Libra (Sept. 23-Oct. 22)

Lucky you! The next four weeks will bring you opportunities to socialize, enjoy parties and playful activities with children, the arts, movies, musical performances and sports events. You will want to have fun! And why not? After all, life is short – and fat.

Scorpio (Oct. 23-Nov. 21)

Welcome every opportunity to cocoon at home and enjoy the company of family in the next four weeks because this will appeal. You want to relax among familiar surroundings and hibernate. This is the perfect time of year to do this.

Sagittarius (Nov. 22-Dec. 21)

Fasten your seatbelts because you’re in for a busy four weeks! Short trips, increased errands and appointments plus an urge to talk to others, especially siblings, relatives and neighbours will keep you hopping! Enjoy!

Capricorn (Dec. 22-Jan. 19)

Your focus will be on money, possessions and your assets in the next four weeks. You might look for a better paying job or ways to make money on the side. You will also think about what it is that really matters in life. (Important to know.)

Aquarius (Jan. 20-Feb. 18)

The Sun will be in your sign for the next four weeks giving you a chance to recharge your batteries for the rest of year. You will also attract people and favourable situations to you. Yes, Aquarius rules!

Pisces (Feb. 19-March 20)

Keep a low profile in the next four weeks because your personal year is coming to an end. Now is the time to give yourself a report card. How well are you doing at the art of living? How do you want your new year to be different? Jot down some ideas. When you write down a wish – it becomes a goal.

If Your Birthday Is Today

Singer, songwriter, actress Dolly Parton (1946) shares your birthday today. You are innovative, creative and you have a sharp mind. You are also honest and forthright. Because this will be a fast-paced year, get ready for action. Expect fresh excitement! Enjoy travel opportunities and chances to expand your horizons. Be open to embracing change and new opportunities. Your personal freedom is one of your goals this year.

 

–GeorgiaNichols

 

Your Daily Horoscopes for Friday, January 18

Your Daily Horoscopes for Friday, January 18

 

Moon Alert

Avoid shopping or important decisions from 8 PM to 11 PM EST today (5 PM to 8 PM PST). After that, the Moon moves from Gemini into Cancer.

Aries (March 21-April 19)

Because you want something very much today, (perhaps related to travel, publishing, the media or something to do with medicine, the law and higher education) -you’re prepared to fight for what you want even if you have to stand up to bosses, parents, professors and VIPs. Fist in the air!

Taurus (April 20-May 20)

You are blessed today. You might receive gifts, favours or help from others. Knowing this, you can also ask for help because it will be forthcoming. However, avoid controversial subjects like politics, religion and racial issues because these will quickly get out of hand. Definitely!

Gemini (May 21-June 20)

It’s easy to schmooze with others today, which is why you will enjoy the company of partners and close friends. However, disputes about shared property, taxes, debt, inheritances and insurance issues might arise. If they do, they will get nasty because people will insist on standing their ground.

Cancer (June 21-July 22)

Welcome the support of coworkers today. You’ll find it easy to work with others, in addition to which, you yourself, might get praise or even a raise. Meanwhile, difficulties with partners and close friends might arise because of a difference of views. It was ever thus.

Leo (July 23-Aug. 22)

Romance is passionate today! The stuff of movies. You want to play and socialize! However, something related to your job or even your health might create obstacles because someone is determined to persuade you to their way of thinking. Tread carefully.

Virgo (Aug. 23-Sept. 22)

This is a marvellous day to entertain at home. Invite friends and family over for good food and drink. You might also want to do something to redecorate or make your home look more attractive. Be patient with children to avoid arguments.

Libra (Sept. 23-Oct. 22)

You will enjoy your surroundings today, which is a blessing for you because you are affected by your surroundings – smells, lighting, colour and composition. (Not many people understand this, but you do.) Avoid family arguments today because they might occur. Steer clear!

Scorpio (Oct. 23-Nov. 21)

Do not try to convince others to agree with you about something today, which, incidentally, you will be tempted to do. Or you might attract someone to you who wants you to agree with them? Instead, focus on moneymaking ideas and shopping for beautiful things. (Check the Moon Alert above.)

Sagittarius (Nov. 22-Dec. 21)

Disputes about money and possessions are likely today. But is this conflict worth it? Fortunately, Venus is in your sign making you diplomatic and charming with everyone. Go with what wins. Everyone hates arguments and dissension.

Capricorn (Dec. 22-Jan. 19)

Today Mercury and Pluto are lined up in your sign, which means all your communications with others will be intense. You might want to influence others to agree with you. You might also encounter opposition from others. Don’t go looking for trouble. In fat, enjoy privacy in beautiful surroundings.

Aquarius (Jan. 20-Feb. 18)

Your ability to research today is phenomenal! You’ll be like a dog with a bone. You won’t stop until you find what you’re looking for because you are focused, even ruthless. Meanwhile, relations with friends and groups are warm and supportive.

Pisces (Feb. 19-March 20)

You look wonderful in the eyes of others today, which is why bosses, parents and VIPs are so impressed! Don’t ruin this advantage by having an argument with a friend or a member of a group. Don’t take the bait! Let everyone enjoy their own beliefs – even if you don’t agree.

If Your Birthday Is Today

Actor Kevin Costner (1955) shares your birthday today. You are generous, kindhearted and enjoy helping others. You are easy-going, optimistic and reliable. This year hard work and effort pay will pay off. Start by simplifying your life so you can build solid foundations. Focus your energy in one direction. Physical exercise will be important this year. Explore yoga, martial arts or jogging — any physical discipline that you enjoy.

 

–GeorgiaNichols

A Zen Story for January Full Moon

A Zen Story for January Full Moon

The Zen teacher’s dog loved his evening romp with his master. The dog would bound ahead to fetch a stick, then run back, wag his tail, and wait for the next game. On this particular evening, the teacher invited one of his brightest students to join him – a boy so intelligent that he became troubled by the contradictions in Buddhist doctrine.

«You must understand», said the teacher, «that words are only guideposts. Never let the words or symbols get in the way of truth. Here, I’ll show you».

With that the teacher called his happy dog.

«Fetch me the moon», he said to his dog and pointed to the full moon.

«Where is my dog looking?» asked the teacher of the bright pupil.

«He’s looking at your finger».

«Exactly! Don’t be like my dog. Don’t confuse the pointing finger with the thing that is being pointed at. All our Buddhist words are only guideposts. Every man fights his way through other men’s words to find his own truth».

 

–Tarot-Astrology

Full Moon in Leo, Supermoon and Lunar Eclipse: January 21st (Including Horoscopes)

Full Moon in Leo, Supermoon and Lunar Eclipse: January 21st

There are 12 full moons in 2019 and this one is the first of them. On January 21st, there is a Full Moon in Leo (Sun in Aquarius opposite Moon in Leo), a supermoon and a total lunar eclipse. The Moon will be at its closest approach to the Earth and may look slightly larger and brighter than usual.

This first lunar eclipse of the year will be visible throughout most of North America, South America, the eastern Pacific Ocean, western Atlantic Ocean, extreme Western Europe, and extreme Western Africa.

The January Full Moon was known by early Native American tribes as the Full Wolf Moon, because this was the time of year when hungry wolf packs howled outside their camps. Other names for this full moon were Old Moon or the Moon After Yule. But how does it influence us?

January Full Moon for Each Zodiac Sign

Aries: Be creative in love and find creative ways to show people that you love them! There is no need to wait for Valentine’s Day to declare your love – do it right now!

Taurus: Decorating home is a good idea, for today. Surround yourself with things you love! Personalize your kitchen, your bedroom, your office and every place where you spend much time!

Gemini: Find a way to say more with fewer words. Most Geminis are gifted speakers, but there is always place for improvement. Express yourself!

Cancer: Unleash your creativity at work! The first step is to understand that every product or service can be done better.

Leo: Put yourself first! Otherwise, you’ll just accumulate frustration and a frustrated person can’t help anyone.

Virgo: Whatever you do, do on your own! You have to learn to trust your own decisions. Give up living your life to other people’s expectations!

Libra: It is a good idea to knowingly break a rule. The feeling will be great – a real sensation of freedom. Of course, you have to start with small things – don’t do something that can cost you money or freedom!

Scorpio: Today, you’re in the spotlight, whether you like it or not. Take advantage with the situation and prove your skills!

Sagittarius: Your adventurous side takes control. Celebrate it and do something really wild!

Capricorn: There is a high level of financial stress. Probably you created some bad spending habits and now is the best time to change them.

Aquarius: Surprise your partner; come with some creative romantic ideas! Aquarius’s originality and authentic style will help you make the best choice.

Pisces: Old habits are hard to break, but this is what you have to do, today. Start with the bad habits that affect your health. Listening to your own body and its signals will make the difference.

 

–Tarot-Astrology

Your Love Horoscopes for Friday, Jan. 18 & Saturday, Jan. 19

Pisces Daily Love Horoscope

Friday 18th of January 2019

The road to true love might have been winding lately, but the road ahead should appear clearer and straighter now. It’s important you continue looking forward rather than backward at what you feel needs readdressing, correcting – or healing. The time will come soon when you can address any outstanding issues but what’s needed now is a willingness on your part to seize a chance to take positive steps forward without delays and obstacles you’ve grown used to recently.

Pisces tomorrow love horoscope:

Saturday 19th of January 2019

A loved one might need reassurance in some way so try to understand and connect with their reasons for this. They might feel as if they’re becoming more of an afterthought to plans or connections you’re making elsewhere in your world or that they have to share you in some way. If the object of your affections needs to feel more special, then one heartfelt gesture on your part could do much to allay their concerns or anxiety.

Capricorn Daily Love Horoscope

Friday 18th of January 2019

If you push too hard for a love life development to happen too quickly, then you’re inviting trouble and complications. Connect with your signature patience and accept that a certain development won’t be rushed because love works to its rules, not yours. It’s by slowing down and being more of an observer to what’s unfolding now that you’ll pick up a few clues regarding where your love life is heading – and possibly whom you’re heading there with.

Capricorn tomorrow love horoscope:

Saturday 19th of January 2019

If someone close accuses you of making a decision that doesn’t consider their needs, then it could touch a sensitive nerve with you. You know the truth surrounding how much consideration has been made on your behalf with whatever you’ve taken the initiative with. Summon plenty of sensitivity should you choose to make this point. Aggression will only fuel two-way aggression.

Sagittarius Daily Love Horoscope

Friday 18th of January 2019

A delightful realization or epiphany looks set to arrive with a love life matter and not before time! This could alter the course of one romantic plan, but there will be clear and undeniable benefits to this. Something connected with your love life is about to make sense or click neatly into place. Take a moment to remind yourself of the effort you’ve invested so far to get you to this position.

Sagittarius tomorrow love horoscope:

Saturday 19th of January 2019

You might feel you’re having to take control of or make decisions regarding something that should be shared between you and a loved one. You could sense that a partner is becoming too comfortable with you taking the initiative and might need to make clear how you want any aspect of your connection to divvied up or where a stronger sense of teamwork is needed. Restoring balance might not happen immediately, but it can happen.

Scorpio Daily Love Horoscope

Friday 18th of January 2019

Being aware that you have more work to do to achieve a certain romantic or relationship goal shouldn’t cause you to feel deflated. If anything, you look set to be spurred on to summon that tiny bit more effort needed and doing so could take you one big, reassuring step closer to where you want to be – or closer to who you want to be closer to! Welcome any distraction or delay because they help you to refocus on a love life goal that is urging you to keep the faith.

Scorpio tomorrow love horoscope:

Saturday 19th of January 2019

A lack of cooperation or understanding could be the cause of tension or uncertainty in your love life, especially if you’re ready to ring a certain change that a loved one isn’t supportive of. Their reluctance to cooperate could stem from being unsure about how they’ll benefit from it. Explain or re-explain how they feature in what inspires and motivates you. You might need to create a stronger spirit of teamwork with this.

Libra Daily Love Horoscope

Friday 18th of January 2019

The more you resist the need to make yourself vulnerable with a certain person, the more you’ll delay a potentially magical and immensely heartwarming development. That’s the message from the sky to you now, and it’s important you don’t focus on a negative outcome. If you want to form or strengthen one special connection, then being authentic with your message of love and entering into one conversation with an open mind and heart is the way to go.

Libra tomorrow love horoscope:

Saturday 19th of January 2019

A surge of enthusiasm and optimism could bring comfort and reassurance where uncertainty or tension have prevailed in your emotional world or a love connection recently. Your willingness to bring into the open what has been ignored – conveniently or otherwise – could also bring closure or resolution in a way neither you or a loved one anticipated. Don’t question how easily this is achieved, just move onward and upward.

Virgo Daily Love Horoscope

Friday 18th of January 2019

A love life matter might feel particularly delicate at this time, so be prepared to handle it with care. Maintaining a positive attitude will get you through the other side of any tension between you and the object of your affections, and the more upbeat you can be, the more they’ll be inclined to take a leaf from your book. With both of you on the same page and in the right place mentally, this matter can be nipped in the bud and resolved swiftly and easily.

Virgo tomorrow love horoscope:

Saturday 19th of January 2019

If tension exists in your emotional world, then it’s possible a certain slate can be wiped clean and without as much effort or confrontation you thought would be necessary. One sensitive and heartfelt gesture from you can result in it being reciprocated and ensure that a certain troubling issue is short-lived.

Leo Daily Love Horoscope

Friday 18th of January 2019

Connecting with your playful side and allowing it to come out and play could be what’s needed in your emotional world or a special connection. Apply your unique brand of frivolity to create a sexy, lighthearted vibe that can banish any blues and turn a loved one’s frown upside down. You have a deep well of creativity you can draw from to inject some sexy spontaneity into your love life, so make a concerted effort to do so.

Leo tomorrow love horoscope:

Saturday 19th of January 2019

Something – or possibly someone – connected with your romantic past could reopen suppressed memories you might prefer not to revisit. Take the hint that your intuition offers if it tells you to move on. A wound needn’t be reopened, or an uncomfortable scenario replayed in your mind if you’re prepared to look forward instead of backward.

Cancer Daily Love Horoscope

Friday 18th of January 2019

The idea of taking a passionate risk might be as daunting as it is exciting, but you have an unignorable desire to keep things fresh in your love life at this time. You know, in your heart, what needs to shift in one, special connection and if you need to make the first move to bring the change, then that’s a challenge you’re probably prepared to accept. Push aside any memories of having done so in the past and regretted it. We regret more what we don’t do, and that’s something to remember now.

Cancer tomorrow love horoscope:

Saturday 19th of January 2019

If you’ve been puzzled as to why a friend or perhaps a family member has become distant, detached or non-communicative, then might it have something to do with a connection with a loved one? The proverbial penny might drop surrounding why someone who was once friendly has turned cold. They might have reservations or concerns about your partner or love life situation, but apart from being willing to listen to what their issue is, there’s not much more you can or should do.

Gemini Daily Love Horoscope

Friday 18th of January 2019

To make delightful strides in your emotional world, you and the object of your affections will need to remove yourselves from a certain comfort zone. However, it might be you who’s pushing for a dramatic change while a loved one clings to what’s familiar. What matters most is that you and your sweetheart are committed to introducing a change where one is needed, and if it needs to be introduced more slowly than you’d like, then you might need to live with that.

Gemini tomorrow love horoscope:

Saturday 19th of January 2019

If you’re a single Gemini and unsure about where you stand with a potential flame, then you’ll need to look beyond the obvious for clues. Don’t take at face value what’s said or suggested. Look more closely at the subtle but strong signals someone is making that they’re probably hoping you’ll connect with. With an open mind, this could be a test you can pass with ease.

Taurus today’s love horoscope:

Friday 18th of January 2019

A revelation or epiphany related to your current love life circumstances could hit you like a bolt from the blue, now or shortly. However, even if you’re nurturing big, passionate dreams, you still need to take small steps toward a passionate goal. For as long as your heart is unsure about what it feels, it’s important you don’t make a hasty move for the sake of doing something. Be patient and soon you’ll be more prepared to embark upon a plan properly.

Taurus tomorrow love horoscope:

Saturday 19th of January 2019

If something between you and the object of your affections is moving at a comfortable speed and synergy between you is improving, then taking things further might be a bit hasty if it has taken you time to get to where you are now. Focus instead on consolidating your current position before instigating any changes. It is possible to do too much, too soon sometimes.

Aries Daily Love Horoscope

Friday 18th of January 2019

Answers could finally outnumber questions where one love life matter is concerned, but you might need to dial back your curiosity in some way to refrain from inviting more questions! Focus instead on facts you have available and resist any urge to make assumptions where any gaps exist. With a bit more time, whatever appears confusing now will become clearer as a bit more essential information wings its way to you.

Aries tomorrow love horoscope:

Saturday 19th of January 2019

If you sense a loved one or potential partner is deliberately overlooking your needs in some way, then this could provoke a strong reaction from you. However, give them the benefit of the doubt, because all might not be what it seems to be. One heart-to-heart conversation could reveal how your needs have been considered – and possibly in a way you haven’t considered them!

Aquarius Daily Love Horoscope

Friday 18th of January 2019

You might be in no doubt about how you and a loved one are on opposite ends of the spectrum where your attitude toward a shared situation is concerned. There might be limits to how further discussion could help get you both of you on the same page at this time, too. If calling time out and returning to this matter at another time feels sensible, then that could reduce stress levels on both sides.

Aquarius tomorrow love horoscope:

Saturday 19th of January 2019

It’s not impossible for a deeply concealed fantasy to become a reality where affairs of the heart are concerned. A loved one might be as shocked as they are intrigued by what you reveal. Even if this doesn’t go any further than simply talking about it, it could boost passionate levels on both sides wonderfully. If you have any other concealed fantasies, then now’s a good time to reveal them!