Celebrations Around the World: Walpurgis Night

Walpurgis Night

Walpurgis Night falls on the evening of April 30. In past times many people feared that witches were especially active on this day and evening (see also Easter Witches). Northern and central European folklore warned that these menacing figures prowled in the twilight dusk, waiting until the dark hours of the night to gather together for a wild feast and frolic. Rumors circulated as to the exact location of this fearsome gathering. Many believed that it might lie on Mount Brocken (Brockenberg), in Germany’s Harz Mountains. On Walpurgis Night people took extra precautions to prevent passing witches from harming their families, homes, and fields. Folk tradition taught that loud noises frightened away witches. Therefore, people rang church bells, slammed doors, hit pots and pans, and cracked whips. They also lit bonfires and torches, raised crosses, and decorated their homes with rosemary and birch boughs, all of which were thought to repel witches. Little remains of these Walpurgis Night beliefs today. In past times, however, they were so common that they inspired the great German writer Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832) to depict a Walpurgis Night witches’ sabbath in his famous play, Faust (1808-32). In the play the devil, who goes by the name of Mephistopheles, takes Faust to this sinister event. In addition, vivid images of a midsummer’s night witches’ festival on Mount Brocken spurred Russian composer Modest Mussorgsky (1839-1881) to write his well-known piece, Night on Bald Mountain (1867), also known as Saint John’s Night on Bare Mountain.

 

The Scandinavian and German-speaking countries produced most of Europe’s Walpurgis Night witch lore. Nevertheless, in some other European countries the evening was also thought to have an eerie quality about it. In England and Ireland, old folk traditions taught special methods for protecting oneself from witchcraft on this night. Irish lore hinted that the fairies fought one another over the ripening crops on this evening.

 

Why April 30?

Some folklorists point out that Walpurgis Night falls on the evening before May Day, a day long associated in folklore with the death of winter, the birth of spring, and the celebration of nature. Walpurgis Night itself falls exactly six months from Halloween, another evening associated with uncanny forces and supernatural encounters in European folklore. Some folklorists speculate that in past times people viewed these two dates as turning points in the cycle of the year, and thus as times when the walls dividing the natural and the supernatural worlds waned thin.

 

Contemporary Customs

In the Czech Republic people still light large bonfires on the evening of April 30. In the old days, people believed that the bonfires protected them from witches. Not only could witches harm people and livestock, but they also caused winter and cold weather to linger on. Czech folklore advised that burning an effigy of a witch – that is, a life-sized dummy made to resemble a witch – hastened the coming of warm weather. Today people no longer fear witches. Nevertheless, the old custom of lighting a May eve bonfire remains. People kindle the flames close to nightfall and sit close beside them, singing songs and roasting sausages in the flames. When it’s dark they toss an ugly effigy of a witch into the flames. In the Czech Republic this oncefearful evening has become an occasion for some outdoor fun.

 

Swedes still celebrate Walpurgis Night, although contemporary Swedish festivities have little to do with witches. Instead they commemorate the death of winter and the birth of spring. University students, in particular, participate in Walpurgis Night observances, sometimes by gathering for rallies at which a speaker solemnly and formally announces the arrival of spring. In Sweden the lengthening days serve as a better guide to the changing seasons than does the weather. In this far northern land snow may still blanket the ground on April 30. In keeping with ancient traditions, the Swedes continue to light bonfires on this evening, often on hilltops or on mounds. These days, however, the fires aren’t stoked by anxious farmers seeking protection from malicious witchcraft, but rather by young lovers hoping the flames will enhance the spell that attracts them to one another.

 

Finns celebrate May eve, which they call Vappu, with singing, dancing, and revelry in the streets. In Helsinki students, and former students, wear their traditional white caps for this night of lively street activity and parties. Some may even swim across the moat that surrounds the statue of Havis Amanda in order to adorn her with a cap. On May Day students and workers stage parades.

 

Finally, Walpurgis Night celebrations have become an important tourist attraction in Germany’s Harz Mountains. In a bid to attract travelers to the region, promoters have stamped the image of the witch on everything from hotel brochures to beer steins. The village of Schierke, located at the foot of Mount Brocken, hosts about six thousand people each year for their Walpurgis Night celebrations. The day begins with a children’s costume parade, in which kindergartners dress as witches and devils. Later that evening people assemble in a local park which takes on the appearance of a fairground, complete with booths selling local crafts, drinks, and foods. Fair-goers enter into the spirit of the event, dressing as witches, goblins, vampires, and valkyries, the magical maiden-warriors from Scandinavian mythology. The evening’s festivities take place around a huge bonfire and include a pantomime play as well as a fireworks display. Rival celebrations take place in other villages of the region.

 

Walpurga

Most writers state that Walpurgis Night takes its name from the saint whose feast is celebrated on the following day. St. Walburg or Walpurga (c. 710-779) grew up to become a nun and, upon the invitation of her brother, Willibald, bishop of Eichstätt (700-787), took up the post of abbess of Heidenhem, near Nuremberg, Germany. She died on February 25, 779, but on May 1, 870, religious authorities transferred her remains to Eichstätt, where a church had been built in her name. Her feast day is celebrated on May 1 in honor of this event. Walpurga is the patroness of the diocese of Eichstätt and also the city of Antwerp, Belgium. Folk belief has credited her with the power to ward off magical harms as well as the ability to protect the harvest.

 

A few writers suggest instead that a little-known minor deity, also known as Walpurga, gave her name to the mythical festival of witches on Mount Brocken. According to local folklore Walpurga, who was associated with the woods and springtime, could tell the future with her three-cornered mirror and carried a magical spindle and thread. These attributes may signify her to be a variant of Holde, or Frau Holle, another, more popular German goddess. According to one tale the Wild Hunt, a troop of ghostly figures that rides the night skies during winter, chased Walpurga during the last nine nights before May Day. Walpurga sought protection from mortals during these nights, often entering the homes of kindly villagers through a window thoughtfully left open. Like Holda, Walpurga was believed to reward those who helped her.

 

Further Reading

Blackburn, Bonnie, and Leofranc Holford-Strevens. The Oxford Companion to the Year. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 1999. Casanova, Gertrude. “Walburga, St.” In Charles G. Herbermann et al., eds. The Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Appleton, 1913. Available online at: Frazer, James George. The New Golden Bough. Theodor H. Gaster, ed. New York: S. G. Phillips, 1959. Griffin, Robert H., and Ann H. Shurgin, eds. The Folklore of World Holidays. Second edition. Detroit, MI: Gale Research, 1999. Harvey, Steenie. “Season of the Witch.” The World and I 16, 4 (April 2001): 260. Henderson, Helene, and Sue Ellen Thompson, eds. Holidays, Festivals, and Celebrations of the World Dictionary. Second edition. Detroit, MI: Omnigraphics, 1997. Ince, Sarah. The Magical Year. Richmond, VA: Time-Life Books, 1992. Nollen, Tim. Festivals of the World: Czech Republic. Milwaukee, WI: Gareth Stevens, 1999.

Web Sites

This web page, part of German instructor Robert J. Shea’s site on German folk customs, offers additional Walpurgis Night folklore: . com/shea/germusa/walpurgi.htm

Another informative page on St. Walpurga, sponsored by Catholic Community Forum

 

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This Day in History April 30: Fall of Saigon (1975)

Fall of Saigon (1975)

The Fall of Saigon,[1][2] or the Liberation of Saigon, was the capture of Saigon, the capital of South Vietnam, by the People’s Army of Vietnam (PAVN) and the Viet Cong on 30 April 1975. The event marked the end of the Vietnam War and the start of a transition period to the formal reunification of Vietnam into the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.[3]

The PAVN, under the command of General Văn Tiến Dũng, began their final attack on Saigon on April 29, 1975, with the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) forces commanded by General Nguyễn Văn Toàn suffering a heavy artillery bombardment. This bombardment at the Tan Son Nhat International Airport killed the last two American servicemen killed in combat in Vietnam, Charles McMahon and Darwin Judge.[4] By the afternoon of the next day, the PAVN had occupied the important points of the city and raised their flag over the South Vietnamese presidential palace. The city was renamed Hồ Chí Minh City, after the late North Vietnamese President Hồ Chí Minh.

The capture of the city was preceded by Operation Frequent Wind, the evacuation of almost all the American civilian and military personnel in Saigon, along with tens of thousands of South Vietnamese civilians who had been associated with the southern regime.[5] The evacuation was the largest helicopter evacuation in history.[6] In addition to the flight of refugees, the end of the war and the institution of new rules by the communists contributed to a decline in the city’s population.[7]

Names

Various names have been applied to these events. The Vietnamese government officially calls it the “Day of liberating the South for national reunification” (Vietnamese: Giải phóng miền Nam, thống nhất đất nước) or “Liberation Day” (Ngày Giải Phóng), but the term “Fall of Saigon” is commonly used in Western accounts. It is called the “Ngày mất nước” (Day we Lost the Country), “Tháng Tư Đen” (Black April),[8][9][10][11][12][13] “National Day of Shame” (Ngày Quốc Nhục) or “National Day of Resentment” (Ngày Quốc Hận).[9][14][15][16][17] by many Overseas Vietnamese who were refugees from communism.

North Vietnamese advance

The rapidity with which the South Vietnamese position collapsed in 1975 was surprising to most American and South Vietnamese observers, and probably to the North Vietnamese and their allies as well. For instance, a memo prepared by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and U.S. Army Intelligence and published on March 5 indicated that South Vietnam could hold out through the current dry season—i.e., at least until 1976.[18] These predictions proved to be grievously in error. Even as that memo was being released, General Dũng was preparing a major offensive in the Central Highlands of Vietnam, which began on 10 March and led to the capture of Buôn Ma Thuột. The ARVN began a disorderly and costly retreat, hoping to redeploy its forces and hold the southern part of South Vietnam, perhaps an enclave south of the 13th parallel.[19]

Supported by artillery and armor, the PAVN continued to march towards Saigon, capturing the major cities of northern South Vietnam at the end of March—Huế on the 25th and Đà Nẵng on the 28th. Along the way, disorderly South Vietnamese retreats and the flight of refugees—there were more than 300,000 in Đà Nẵng[20]—damaged South Vietnamese prospects for a turnaround. After the loss of Đà Nẵng, those prospects had already been dismissed as nonexistent by American CIA officers in Vietnam, who believed that nothing short of B-52 strikes against Hanoi could possibly stop the North Vietnamese.[21]

By April 8, the North Vietnamese Politburo, which in March had recommended caution to Dũng, cabled him to demand “unremitting vigor in the attack all the way to the heart of Saigon.”[22] On April 14, they renamed the campaign the “Hồ Chí Minh campaign”, after revolutionary leader Hồ Chí Minh, in hopes of wrapping it up before his birthday on May 19.[23] Meanwhile, South Vietnam failed to garner any significant increase in military aid from the United States, snuffing out President Nguyễn Văn Thiệu’s hopes for renewed American support.

On April 9, PAVN forces reached Xuân Lộc, the last line of defense before Saigon, where the ARVN 18th Division made a last stand and held the city through fierce fighting for 11 days. The PAVN finally overran Xuân Lộc on April 20 despite heavy losses, and on April 21 President Thiệu resigned in a tearful televised announcement in which he denounced the United States for failing to come to the aid of the South.[24] The North Vietnamese front line was now just 26 miles (42 km) from downtown Saigon.[25] The victory at Xuân Lộc, which had drawn many South Vietnamese troops away from the Mekong Delta area,[25] opened the way for PAVN to encircle Saigon, and they soon did so, moving 100,000 troops in position around the city by April 27. With the ARVN having few defenders, the fate of the city was effectively sealed.

The ARVN III Corps commander, General Toàn, had organized five centers of resistance to defend the city. These fronts were so connected as to form an arc enveloping the entire area west, north, and east of the capital. The Cu Chi front, to the northwest, was defended by the 25th Division; the Binh Duong front, to the north, was the responsibility of the 5th Division; the Bien Hoa front, to the northeast, was defended by the 18th Division; the Vung Tau and 15 Route front, to the southeast, were held by the 1st Airborne Brigade and one battalion of the 3rd Division; and the Long An front, for which the Capital Military District Command was responsible, was defended by elements of the re-formed 22nd Division. South Vietnamese defensive forces around Saigon totaled approximately 60,000 troops.[26] However, as the exodus made it into Saigon, along with them were many ARVN soldiers, which swelled the “men under arms” in the city to over 250,000. These units were mostly battered and leaderless, which threw the city into further anarchy.[citation needed]

Evacuation

The rapid PAVN advances of March and early April led to increased concern in Saigon that the city, which had been fairly peaceful throughout the war and whose people had endured relatively little suffering, was soon to come under direct attack.[27] Many feared that once the communists took control of the city, a bloodbath of reprisals would take place. In 1968, PAVN and VC forces had occupied Huế for close to a month. After the communists were repelled, American and ARVN forces had found mass graves. A study indicated that the VC had targeted ARVN officers, Roman Catholics, intellectuals and businessmen, and other suspected counterrevolutionaries.[28] More recently, eight Americans captured in Buôn Ma Thuột had vanished and reports of beheadings and other executions were filtering through from Huế and Đà Nẵng, mostly spurred on by government propaganda.[29] Most Americans and citizens of other countries allied to the United States wanted to evacuate the city before it fell, and many South Vietnamese, especially those associated with the United States or South Vietnamese government, wanted to leave as well.

As early as the end of March, some Americans were leaving the city,[30] Flights out of Saigon, lightly booked under ordinary circumstances, were full.[31] Throughout April the speed of the evacuation increased, as the Defense Attaché Office (DAO) began to fly out nonessential personnel. Many Americans attached to the DAO refused to leave without their Vietnamese friends and dependents, who included common-law wives and children. It was illegal for the DAO to move these people to American soil, and this initially slowed down the rate of departure, but eventually the DAO began illegally flying undocumented Vietnamese to Clark Air Base in the Philippines.[32]

On April 3, President Gerald Ford announced “Operation Babylift”, which would evacuate about 2,000 orphans from the country. One of the Lockheed C-5 Galaxy planes involved in the operation crashed, killing 155 passengers and crew and seriously reducing the morale of the American staff.[33] In addition to the over 2,500 orphans evacuated by Babylift, Operation New Life resulted in the evacuation of over 110,000 Vietnamese refugees. The final evacuation was Operation Frequent Wind which resulted in 7,000 people being evacuated from Saigon by helicopter.

American administration plans for final evacuation[edit]

By this time the Ford administration had also begun planning a complete evacuation of the American presence. The planning was complicated by practical, legal, and strategic concerns. The administration was divided on how swift the evacuations should be. The Pentagon sought to evacuate as fast as possible, to avoid the risk of casualties or other accidents. The U.S. Ambassador to South Vietnam, Graham Martin, was technically the field commander for any evacuation since evacuations are part of the purview of the State Department. Martin drew the ire of many in the Pentagon by wishing to keep the evacuation process as quiet and orderly as possible. His desire for this was to prevent total chaos and to deflect the real possibility of South Vietnamese turning against Americans and to keep all-out bloodshed from occurring.

Ford approved a plan between the extremes in which all but 1,250 Americans—few enough to be removed in a single day’s helicopter airlift—would be evacuated quickly; the remaining 1,250 would leave only when the airport was threatened. In between, as many Vietnamese refugees as possible would be flown out.[34]

American evacuation planning was set against other administration policies. Ford still hoped to gain additional military aid for South Vietnam. Throughout April, he attempted to get Congress behind a proposed appropriation of $722 million, which might allow for the reconstitution of some of the South Vietnamese forces that had been destroyed. Kissinger was opposed to a full-scale evacuation as long as the aid option remained on the table because the removal of American forces would signal a loss of faith in Thiệu and severely weaken him.[35]

There was also a concern in the administration over whether the use of military forces to support and carry out the evacuation was permitted under the newly passed War Powers Act. Eventually White House lawyers determined that the use of American forces to rescue citizens in an emergency was unlikely to run afoul of the law, but the legality of using military assets to withdraw refugees was unknown.[36]

Refugees

While American citizens were generally assured of a simple way to leave the country just by showing up to an evacuation point, South Vietnamese who wanted to leave Saigon before it fell often resorted to independent arrangements. The under-the-table payments required to gain a passport and exit visa jumped sixfold, and the price of seagoing vessels tripled.[37] Those who owned property in the city were often forced to sell it at a substantial loss or abandon it altogether; the asking price of one particularly impressive house was cut 75 percent within a two-week period.[38] American visas were of enormous value, and Vietnamese seeking American sponsors posted advertisements in newspapers. One such ad read: “Seeking adoptive parents. Poor diligent students” followed by names, birthdates, and identity card numbers.[39]

Political movements and attempts at a negotiated solution

As the North Vietnamese chipped away more and more at South Vietnam, internal opposition to President Thiệu continued to accumulate. For instance, in early April, the Senate unanimously voted through a call for new leadership, and some top military commanders were pressing for a coup. In response to this pressure, Thiệu made some changes to his cabinet, and Prime Minister Trần Thiện Khiêm resigned.[40] This did little to reduce the opposition to Thiệu. On April 8 a South Vietnamese pilot and communist spy, Nguyễn Thành Trung, bombed the presidential palace and then flew to a PAVN-controlled airstrip; Thiệu was not hurt.[41]

Many in the American mission—Martin in particular—along with some key figures in Washington, believed that negotiations with the communists were still possible, especially if Saigon could stabilize the military situation. Ambassador Martin’s hope was that North Vietnam’s leaders would be willing to allow a “phased withdrawal” whereby a gradual departure might be achieved in order to allow helpful locals and all Americans to leave (along with full military withdrawal) over a period of months.[citation needed]

Opinions were divided on whether any government headed by Thiệu could effect such a political solution.[42] The Provisional Revolutionary Government’s foreign minister had, on April 2, indicated that the PRG might negotiate with a Saigon government that did not include Thiệu. Thus, even among Thiệu’s supporters, pressure was growing for his ouster.[43]

President Thiệu resigned on April 21. His remarks were particularly hard on the Americans, first for forcing South Vietnam to accede to the Paris Peace Accords, second for failing to support South Vietnam afterwards, and all the while asking South Vietnam “to do an impossible thing, like filling up the oceans with stones.”[44] The presidency was turned over to Vice President Trần Văn Hương. The view of the North Vietnamese government, broadcast by Radio Hanoi, was that the new regime was merely “another puppet regime.”[45] Read More

Inspiration for the Day for April 30: Life Can Be Scary

 

 

 

Life Can Be Scary

BY MADISYN TAYLOR

No matter how brave, strong, or level-headed we are, sometimes we all get scared.

Life can take us on a roller coaster ride full of highs and lows and twists and turns. Even for those of us who enjoy unexpected thrills, it’s frightening to suddenly find ourselves heading for a deep plunge. Yet, it happens to all of us. At these moments, it is important to remember that you are not alone in your experiences. No matter how brave, strong, or level-headed we are, sometimes, we all get scared.

Our fears may revolve around our physical safety, particularly if we are not feeling well, living under difficult circumstances, or doing work that exposes us to hazardous conditions. Or, we may be experiencing financial woes that are causing us to be fearful about making ends meet. We may also fear the loss of a loved one who is sick, or we may be scared of never finding someone special to spend our life with. We may be scared to start at a new school, begin a different job, move to a new town, or meet new people. Whatever our fears are, they are valid, and we do not need to feel ashamed or embarrassed that we are, at times, afraid.

It may be comforting to know that everyone gets scared, and it is perfectly OK. Sometimes just acknowledging our fears is enough to make us feel better. And while it sometimes takes a lot more to ease our mind, we can console ourselves with the knowledge that life can be scary at times. Giving ourselves permission to be scared lets us move through our fears so we can let it go. It also makes it alright to share our fears with others. Sharing our apprehensions with other people can make our fears less overwhelming because we are not letting them grow inside of us as pent up emotions. Sharing our fears also can lighten our burden because we are not carrying our worries all by ourselves. Remember that you are not alone.

 

–Daily OM

Get A Jump On Tomorrow, Your Daily Horoscopes for Wednesday, May 1

Moon Alert

After 7 AM EDT today (4 AM PDT) we have the “all clear” to shop and do business. The Moon is in Aries.

Aries (March 21-April 19)

The Moon is in your sign today, tomorrow and part of Friday, which gives you a great need to belong and relate to others. Your emotional sensors will be strong, making you more sensitive to the feelings and moods around you. However, you will be emotionally demanding as well as giving.

Taurus (April 20-May 20)

In the next few days, the Moon is hidden in your chart, which likewise makes you want to withdraw from others and seek solitude. You’re not being antisocial. It’s just that you prefer your own company. Today and tomorrow are excellent times for mystical, spiritual activities.

Gemini (May 21-June 20)

Your emotional contact with friends will be important to you today and tomorrow. In fact, you will feel more protective and supportive to friends. In turn, you want to know that you are important to them. (“Am I still your bestie?”)

Cancer (June 21-July 22)

For today, tomorrow and part of Friday, the Moon is at the very top of your chart. This is the only time all month this occurs and when it does, among other things, it’s an indication that personal details about your private life are public. (Yikes!) Do you need to do some damage control?

Leo (July 23-Aug. 22)

For the next three days, you want to expand your horizons! You want to study, learn more and be with people from different backgrounds. If possible, you want to travel and be stimulated by fresh, different environments. You want to feel like you’re getting more out of life! (And why not?)

Virgo (Aug. 23-Sept. 22)

You will feel more passionately about certain issues today, tomorrow and Friday. Your emotional experiences will be more intense than usual. In particular, you will have definite ideas about shared property, wills, inheritances and insurance matters.

Libra (Sept. 23-Oct. 22)

The Moon will be opposite your sign today, tomorrow and most of Friday. This focuses your attention to your most personal relationships and partnerships. These people will be more important to you than usual. If you have conflict with them, it will be more emotional. Be loving and stay chill.

Scorpio (Oct. 23-Nov. 21)

Until Friday, you might be involved in something where you have to work on behalf of others. You might have to care for someone or put your own needs second because someone else needs your attention. Oh well, this happens sometimes. No biggie.

Sagittarius (Nov. 22-Dec. 21)

You can’t hide your feelings from others today, tomorrow and Friday because you’ll be wearing your heart on your sleeve. Romance will be exciting and emotional. You’ll feel particularly protective and nurturing to loved ones, especially children.

Capricorn (Dec. 22-Jan. 19)

Today, tomorrow and Friday you might prefer to cocoon at home or seek the privacy of your inner world. Ideally, you will enjoy a relaxing, pleasant time at home. A conversation with a female family member could be significant. Take time to reflect.

Aquarius (Jan. 20-Feb. 18)

Conversations with siblings, relatives and daily contacts will be important today, tomorrow and Friday because certain issues matter to you. You want to get right down to business and talk about what concerns you; and you don’t want anyone to dodge matters or hide. It’s cards-on-the-table time!

Pisces (Feb. 19-March 20)

You will feel more possessive about something that you own this week, which is why you don’t want to lend things to others. That’s because you will identify with your possessions today, tomorrow and Friday. It’s also why it will please you to take care of them. “My precious!”

If Your Birthday Is Today

Actress Kerry Bishe (1984) shares your birthday today. You have a sense of authority that makes you a natural leader. This year you are winding up things you began nine years ago. It’s time to leave behind heavy burdens and move to something new and lighter. Start to identify what is no longer relevant in your life. You are lightening your load to get ready for new beginnings

 

–GeorgiaNicols

Born on April 30, Happy Birthday Taurus!

Happy Birthday

Happy Birthday Taurus!

 

IF YOU ARE BORN ON APRIL 30, you have marvelous communication skills. Your birthday characteristics show that you possess a charm that is warm and calming to others. You are funny, appreciative and like to play on words.

Basically, the April 30 birthday personality are mature individuals who are hesitant when it comes to matters of heart. You are likely a free spirit who can be stubborn and very protective of your freedom.If today is your birthday, more than likely you are a gambler. You take risks that others would not. You do things at your own pace and make your own choices. As a child, you may have had responsibilities that make you the person you are today.

The 30th April birthday horoscope predicts that you love home activities and it shows in your lavish surroundings. No matter what area of occupation you decide is yours, Taurus, you will do extremely well.

What your birthday says about you is that you are close to your family and choose friends. You may experience moodiness at certain times but your friends are there to help you through.

The relationship between this Taurus birthday person and immediate family members are influenced by a history of disciplinarians. As a Taurus, you may enjoy being a parent. You would certainly be an understanding one.

Love, to one who is born on April 30, has a priority rating. Romance, you believe, is very important to a partnership as it provides a certain mystical feel. One cannot get enough of the emotional highs this can bring to the relationship.

The April 30th zodiac birthday person would prefer to commit to a person who shares the same interest. You like to share your goals and dreams with the person you love and have all intentions of living a life worth dreaming about.

The 30 April birthday astrology analysis shows that you are hard-working individuals who do not like admitting defeat. You may not want to bend or compromise in certain situations. However, the result could be a nice early retirement package. It is very possible that you will eventually end up successful without much effort.

Your ideal occupation is one in which you travel and offers an unbeatable financial incentive. Those of you born on April 30 have the potential for greatness. You have incredible talents for flipping money. Your instincts never fail you.

The April 30 birthday personality also have a tendency to go overboard. You are prone to overeat or dink too much. Those things should be done in moderation if at all. As far as alcohol is concerned, there are different rules for the genders. It does not take as much liquor to affect a woman’s liver as it does a man’s liver.

Come on… get off the couch and make an appointment to see your doctor. You cannot look your best if you do not feel good. You cannot be lazy when it comes to your health, either. Do some outdoor activities like touch football or one on one basketball to stay toned and at a comfortable weight and size.

The 30 April birthday meanings also show that you are more likely a risk taker. You are your own person who is close to friends and family. You love a good prank and home life. These Taurus born people are intuitive and have good luck with money.

Take care and proceed with caution if you use alcohol or any other artificial means of dealing with problems. This is not healthy certainly, and you should not gamble with your precious life. Get going in a positive direction. Get out and do something.

Famous People And Celebrities Born On April 30

Eve Arden, Queen Juliana, Kunal Nayyar, Cloris Leachman, Isiah Thomas, Bobby Vee

This Day That Year – April 30 In History

1492 – Jews are not allowed in Spain.
1563 – Jews are forced out of France.
1857 – San Jose CA establishes San Jose State University.
1861 – Federal troops pulled out of Indian Territory; an order by Pres Lincoln.
1904 – Someone enjoys the first ice cream cone ever.

April 30  Vrishabha Rashi (Vedic Moon Sign)
April 30  Chinese Zodiac SNAKE

April 30 Birthday Planet

Your ruling planet is Venus that symbolizes how much you are ready to spend on your pleasures and desires.

April 30 Birthday Symbol

The Bull Is The Symbol For The Taurus Zodiac Sign

April 30 Birthday Tarot Card

Your Birth Day Tarot Card is The Empress. This card stands for reassurance, love, sexuality, and knowledge. The Minor Arcana cards are Five of Pentacles and Knight of Pentacles

April 30 Birthday Compatibility

You are most compatible with people born under Zodiac Sign ScorpioThis can be a rewarding relationship.
You are not compatible with people born under Zodiac Sign Leo: This relationship is highly emotional and obstinate.

April 30 Lucky Numbers

Number 3 – This number stands for creativity, sensitivity, imagination, and communication.
Number 7 – This is a number of analytical thinking, secrecy, eccentricity and spiritual awareness.

Lucky Color For April 30 Birthday

Blue: This is a refreshing color that symbolizes interaction, relaxation, expression, and devotion.
Indigo: This is a color of intuition, wisdom, wealth and perception.

Lucky Days For April 30 Birthday

Friday – This day ruled by Venus stands for peace, joy, and happiness in relationships.
Thursday – This day is ruled by Jupiter and is a good day to be more productive and thus attract good fortune.

April 30 Birthstone Emerald

Emerald gemstones are said to bring mental peace, spiritual healing and foretell the future.

Ideal Zodiac Birthday Gifts For People Born On The 30th Of April:

A reclining chair for the man and a beautiful evening clutch for the woman.

 

–SunSigns.org

Your Daily Horoscopes for Tuesday, April 30th

Moon Alert

Until 5:30 PM today (2:30 PM PDT) we have the all clear to shop and make big decisions. The Moon is in Pisces.

Aries (March 21-April 19)

This is a tricky day. Mercury is in your sign dancing with your ruler fiery Mars, which makes you mentally active and diligent. You want to take over and direct things plus you have something to say! However, there is a Moon Alert today. Caution!

Taurus (April 20-May 20)

This is a wonderful day to do research because you are mentally eager plus you are persistent. You will keep looking for whatever you seek until you find it. Furthermore, you’ll be imaginative and original in how you proceed. Bravo!

Gemini (May 21-June 20)

This is a lively day! You will enjoy talking to others, especially friends and groups. In fact, you will be quick to take the helm and express your opinions to others because you have something to say. However, note the Moon Alert (see above). Don’t go out on a limb.

Cancer (June 21-July 22)

You will be convincing talking to bosses, parents and VIPs today – this includes the police. Others will listen to you because you speak with authority and passion. Nevertheless, be aware of the limitations of the Moon Alert today to avoid egg on your face. (Ketchup helps.)

Leo (July 23-Aug. 22)

This is a fabulous day to study something because you have lots of mental energy. You might teach others or persuade someone to see your point of view whether it’s academic, political, religious or related to anything close to your heart. You also want to travel. (Check Moon Alert.)

Virgo (Aug. 23-Sept. 22)

You’ll have no trouble stating your case to defend your fair share of something today or settle a dispute about shared property. Nevertheless, do not make important decisions during the Moon Alert. (These time restrictions are mentioned above.)

Libra (Sept. 23-Oct. 22)

Some people might think that you are spoiling for a fight today and perhaps you are? One thing is certain; you have lots of mental energy to engage in debates with others. Small wonder that you attract people to you who are ready to argue! “Mrs. Hudson, the game is on!”

Scorpio (Oct. 23-Nov. 21)

You will achieve a lot at work today, especially in the morning, because you are mentally vigourous. You will be aggressive in getting others to help you or convincing them to get out of your way. Nevertheless, during the Moon Alert (see above) avoid important decisions. Be smart.

Sagittarius (Nov. 22-Dec. 21)

This is a wild marvellous, creative day for you! You’re full of creative, original ideas and will make a wonderful contribution to any artistic project with which you are involved. You will be effective teaching children. Likewise, you will be lightening quick in sports. Enjoy this day!

Capricorn (Dec. 22-Jan. 19)

When it comes to home and domestic matters today, you are determined. In family discussions, you will insist on having your say. This determination might lead to an ambitious project related to home repairs. If shopping today, heed the restrictions of the Moon Alert. (See above.)

Aquarius (Jan. 20-Feb. 18)

You are mentally alert and ready for a busy day! Short trips, visits and dynamic conversations will keep you hopping. However, depending on your time zone, this afternoon is a poor time for shopping and important decisions. Check Moon Alert above.

Pisces (Feb. 19-March 20)

You are confident about financial matters today and ready to initiate certain plans. You will convince others that you’re right. Nevertheless, be aware of the restrictions of the Moon Alert (see above) to avoid doing anything that you later regret. Stay informed.

If Your Birthday Is Today

Actress Gal Godot (1985 ) shares your birthday today. You are hard-working and courageous. You truly appreciate beauty. You are persistent and sometimes stubborn. Now is the time to clarify future goals because you are entering a year of exciting changes and new beginnings! Start to define what you want for yourself in the next several years. Be pro-active! This year you will feel physically energetic.

 

–GeorgiaNicols

WHAT DOES SATURN IN RETROGRADE MEAN FOR YOU? FIND OUT WITH THESE HOROSCOPES

WHAT DOES SATURN IN RETROGRADE MEAN FOR YOU? FIND OUT WITH THESE HOROSCOPES

SATURN RETROGRADE 2019 DATES
STATIONS RETROGRADE: APRIL 29, 2019, AT 20°31′ CAPRICORN
STATIONS DIRECT: SEPTEMBER 6, 2019, AT 13°54′ CAPRICORN

Saturn returned to its home sign Capricorn on December 20, 2017, where it will stay until 2020.

Saturn in Capricorn is about the duties and privileges—as well as the privilege of duty—that we face in an area of life. During this transit, we may be slowly stretched to inhabit a more mature, rounded understanding of this part of our chart.

Inevitably, this may include meeting our personal limits, re-negotiating boundaries, or facing stiff denials. Seriousness and steadfastness are the order of the day, while any residual immaturity or desire to shirk off our responsibilities will be meet with stern rebukes during Saturn’s transit in Capricorn.

Although the lessons often feel harsh with Saturn and his transits (some even refer to him as the ‘Lord of Karma’), ultimately, he is a fair teacher.

Relatedly, Saturn retrograde transits are excellent periods for assessing our progress. Saturn’s pressurizing manner is generally less intense during its retrograde transits; with some of the heat off, we may feel more enabled to face the challenges of these transits with new eyes.

Saturn retrograde in Capricorn may have all of us particularly focused on meeting exacting standards and acting with integrity.

HOROSCOPES FOR SATURN RETROGRADE IN CAPRICORN 2019

These Saturn retrograde insights can be read for both your sun and ascendant sign.

Aries (and Aries Rising)
Get ready for your close-up: with Saturn transiting your tenth house of careers, honors, and reputation, you’ll be under pressure to put your best foot forward. As part of this transit, you may also put a foot wrong (or two) and learn some much-needed lessons about taking the slow, baby steps towards your goals that Aries usually attempts to sidestep.

With time the result will be an inner peace which blooms from within only when we act with integrity. During Saturn’s retrograde in Capricorn, take time to meet with your brand management, even if that’s just a party of one, to set out an action plan that will make the angels weep. Visualize where you want to be in two years’ time; work backward from there.

Taurus (and Taurus Rising)
If you have any designs on higher-minded pursuits, now is your moment. Saturn transiting the ninth house of your chart, a lofty, otherworldly place filled with dreams and visions, foreign travel and higher education, may nudge you toward taking journeys of soul and spirit. For some, that may mean returning to school; others may find themselves taking a pew or studying the stars.

As part of this process, you may hit the wall with different systems of beliefs or be pushed to walk your spiritual talk. Either way, you’re in for a trip. During the Saturn retrograde in Capricorn, you may take yourself on an internal trek to meditate on where you want all this wandering to lead. Focus on only the beliefs that continue to serve you, and feel free to cut cords with any which are past their sell-by date.

Gemini (and Gemini Rising)
Just when you thought you were off the hook, Saturn entered your eighth house of death, shared resources, and financial obligations. True, too, that this part of the chart holds some of our darkest demons. Fear not, however: Saturn’s transit here will help you both rationalize your fears and ration your riches.

Part of this transit may involve mucking into how power is divvied up; this may involve managing inheritances, investments, or spending increased time with your tax accountant. When Saturn retrogrades in Capricorn, you’ll have ample opportunity to revisit the financial structures underpinning your partnerships. Money being a close cousin of control, you also may end up exploring how these two concepts intertwine within your psyche.

Cancer (and Cancer Rising)
As Saturn transits your seventh house of partners in business and marriage, take heart in remembering that even Bey has had marital hiccups (remember that elevator? that bat??). Part of Saturn’s presence in this delicate part of your chart might entail getting seriously committed – putting a ring on it, for example – but for other folks, Saturn’s entry here may make us say sayonara to that special someone. Before you make a hasty exit, though, try a little patience: Saturn’s not trying to ruin your love life, he’s only aiming to inject it with a dose of reality.

The Saturn retrograde in Capricorn is an opportune moment to reflect on the level of responsibility you bring to relationships. Too much, and we feel burdened, too little, and our partners feel neglected. Somewhere in the middle, à la Goldilocks, things are just right; use the retrograde period to find that happy, healthy medium.

Leo (and Leo Rising)
Leo’s natural affinity for integrity will come in handy as you tussle with Saturn inhabiting one of the less pleasant parts of your chart: the sixth house of health (or lack of it), routine, and service. Positively, Saturn here may force us to face up to our health and make necessary adjustments, all the better, of course, if you can aim to make such changes voluntarily and not only when your hand is being forced. There may also be a need to chop wood, carry water in pursuit of honing your skills.

During the Saturn retrograde in Capricorn, you may be reminded that wellbeing won’t be attained by one-off juice fasts or gimmicky short-cuts; real health is the balance of body and mind, brought about only by small, incremental actions made on the daily. Health challenges, if any exist, may relent during this period, giving you an opportunity to investigate their source more deeply.

Virgo (and Virgo Rising)
Saturn is currently in your fifth house, which encapsulates all pleasures of the fleshly body, whether that be via romance, children, or retail therapy. Saturn here may very well constrain our access to the kinds of indulgent feel-goods associated with the fifth house, but he’s just as likely to bring us into better, healthier relationship with them, too.

If our boundaries to lovers or luxuries have kept us in a state of disarray, Saturn will ensure that we find a way to enjoy ourselves without devolving into destructive habits. You’ll likely be on board with this agenda, seeing as Virgo loves nothing more than self-improvement. Use the time of Saturn’s retrograde in Capricorn to discern – one of your many talents – where the boundaries currently sit, and where they really ought to lie. If any rifts with lovers exist, the retrograde transit will supply you with the time and tone for righting the ship.

Libra (and Libra Rising)
With Saturn newly in your fourth house of family, childhood home and houses, there may be a dearth of new responsibilities cropping up amongst you and yours. Some of you may be focused on buying, renovating, or even downsizing a home (Saturn loves a contraction!), while others may head back to the mothership to take care of family matters.

Recent transits instilled you with a growing sense of who you are and what you deserve; the Saturn retrograde in Capricorn is the perfect time to bring that rhetoric home to roost. Faced with a shifting foundation in-house or home, as well as added responsibilities, reviewing your boundaries with family may become all-important. Use this time wisely to meditate on how you can best support your loved ones without losing the plot.

Scorpio (and Scorpio Rising)
Grab your pen, Scorpio, it’s time to start taking notes: Saturn in the third house may have you writing, speaking, or communicating as if your life depends on it. Part of this will be ensuring that you recognize the enormous responsibility of carrying messages out into the world. It hardly matters whether this communiqué happens in our living room or across radio waves – if we say it, we need to be able to stand by it.

This transit also has to do with being a part of a community and striking the right tone as a matter of true respect and not just paying lip service. During the Saturn in Capricorn retrograde, eek out some mental space to sit down and grade yourself on your progress thus far. Writers and communicators can use this time most beneficially to edit manuscripts, proposals, and pitches, ensuring that anything with your name on it meets the highest standard possible.

Sagittarius (and Sagittarius Rising)
Things have been looking up for Sagittarians: you’ve been happily released from the indentured servitude from Saturn, who occupied your sign from mid-2015 until late 2017. With a world of useful wisdom acquired during these transits, there are new lessons appearing on the horizon as Saturn travels through your second house of earned income.

It’s time to get serious about your source of funds, pronto. New pressures may have arrived, constraining your earnings, or you may be slowly building towards new ways of making it rain. Whichever scenario applies, Sag is uniquely positioned to use the Saturn retrograde in Capricorn as a review of all things finance: dollars, dineros, bitcoins – if you can name it, it’s time to count and account for it.

Capricorn (and Capricorn Rising)
The pressure’s off, for now, dear Sea-Goats. With Saturn transiting your sign, and your first house, you may have been feeling the cold burn of Saturn as he compressed your vitality and forced you to face up to uncomfortable home truths about who you are (versus who you wish you were). The good news is that with a little bit of elbow grease and a dash of humility, this transit will fortify your sense of self and set you up for success, especially in the face of adversity.

Now that Saturn is in retrograde, it’s as if he has back turned to you. Though that may feel like the cat’s away and the mice can play, in reality, mean-daddy Saturn has a set of eyes in the back of the head. Whatever you do, don’t lose focus now; while Saturn’s power is on the wane, let your self-stewardship take an even more serious turn.

Aquarius (and Aquarius Rising)
The part of your chart currently hosting Saturn, the twelfth house, is sometimes jokingly referred to as the dustbin of the natal chart. That, however, quite significantly underscores the seriousness of this part of the chart, which can deal with acts of self-sabotage, retreat, isolation, and the murky waters of our subconscious. With Saturn here, you may find yourself withdrawing from external life or knee-deep in serious self-study.

As part of the Saturn in Capricorn retrograde, you may reconsider the different coping mechanisms you have in place to deal with the ups and downs of life. If you have any doubts about your style of self-soothing, the best bet would be to find a reliable guide to help you on your way – all the better if this person is Saturnine: serious, accomplished, and paternal.

Pisces (and Pisces Rising)
All levels of your personal connections are about to get a once-over under the watchful eyes of Saturn. As he entered your eleventh house of friends and groups late last year, you may have found yourself weighing up the value of certain friendships. Some likely feel more parts burdensome than bountiful, or you may find yourself retracting from group settings altogether.

During the Saturn retrograde in Capricorn transit, revisit the privilege of human connection, and decide which ones are worth the work, and which are on their way out. Equally, if you define yourself in any way with a collective effort, there may be a powerful revisitation of your attachments and responsibilities to the group, whether those be political or personal.

 

By Lee Coleman

Published on Astrology.com

Your Love Horoscopes for the Week of April 28

Sarah Bartlett, Astrologer

From The Astrology Room

 

The ‘dark of the moon’ occurs just before the new crescent moon appears in the sky. This is a time of waiting, of feeling that we are about to give both to something, unsure of what that actually is.

So with a sigh of relief, the new moon in Taurus this week, heralds a creative surge of energy. In fact, by the end of the week, we will all feel that sense of a new beginning, romantic opportunity or simply a new way to redress an old problem.

 

ARIES

A few months back, did you wonder if your hopes and dreams would ever come true? So how will this week’s planetary line-up effect you, and how will you know what to expect? Well with a little self-reflection you will know that deep down inside, feelings never go away, but new ones are about to change your life for the better.

 

 

TAURUS

This week, thanks to the new moon in your own sign, you can start to breathe fresh romantic air if single, or complete the next stage to mutual understanding, if attached. There is a part of you which has changed for the better, so it’s up to you to be realistic, it’s up to you to put your foot down where it hasn’t been before, and it’s up to you to make a plan for long-term contentment.

 

 

GEMINI

This week, the planets make you realise that you hold the future in your own hands. You can free yourself from the chains of thinking ‘what might have been’ or ‘what if’. This week, ‘If only I had done that’ flips to ‘let’s move on and leave the past behind.’ Time to let passion and love return to your life.

 

 

 

CANCER

Are you juggling your lifestyle around family and work and not really thinking much about love? Or do you just want romance and nothing but? This week, the cosmos gives you the strength to tell partners, colleagues or loved ones what your real relationship goals are. So communicate those ideas, and soon all you seek will be yours.

 

 

LEO

This week, find joy through your love relationships but don’t assume it all leads to permanent bliss. Whether it’s fun with the one you love, or with someone new, right now, there is an adventurous air to all you do and say.

 

 

VIRGO

You begin to realise that in all the mess that love is, there is no-one to blame. So show that you can turn the tables, you can recreate the romance and the heady anticipation of love’s first rewards, and simultaneously show that love is about moving forward, not going back.

 

 

LIBRA

For quite some time now you’ve been unsure of one love interest. You projected your hopes and desires onto someone else, and now they can’t carry this image for you any more. They’re just themselves. Can you love this person for who they are, not what you want them to be?

 

 

SCORPIO

An irritating doubt that someone or something has let you down turns into a realisation that it’s just an illusion generated by your own desires. Suddenly, you’re no longer just a nomad on love’s crazy pathways, and you are no longer travelling to avoid yourself, you’re journeying towards better relating.

 

 

SAGITTARIUS

You may be moody and want more than you already have, but you’re also passionate and loyal. And it’s this apparent contradiction in yourself which others find hard to understand. The only answer you can give right now is to tell those who cannot see the truth about you, that sometimes challenging love, can make the world a happier place.

 

 

CAPRICORN

This week get out and about and take a chance on new romance. In fact, you’re suddenly propelled into thinking and acting in a very different way from the past. So take control of the future and create something beautiful. Honour your desires, rather than try to avoid them.

 

 

AQUARIUS

Well, either you’re absolutely infatuated with someone and can’t stop thinking about them, or, you don’t want to be trapped in a relationship and can’t for the life of you work out why. You feel stuck behind a closed door. But the key to the lock is in your hand. Dare you use it?

 

 

PISCES

When you see a vision of what could be, don’t ignore it; when you touch someone’s deeper feeling and know there is a way forward, don’t judge them, or yourself, nor let go of that touching. Love with the light of yourself, rather than in the shadow of someone’s expectations. You will soon be set free on the pathway to happiness.

 

 

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Your Horoscopes for the Week of April 29th

trong>Claire Petulengro, Celebrity Astrologer

From The Astrology Room

 

ARIES (March 21st-April 20th)

You miss one hundred per cent of the shots you don’t take Aries. Oh, I know you were frozen by fear earlier in the year, but now that you’ve acclimatised, I think you know its time to dust yourself off, get back up and get on with life. Geminis link to a path which can bring inspiration to your professional life. Ring now for a romantic revelation to surprise.

 

TAURUS (April 21st-May 21st)

Finances come to the fore and you may find yourself having to juggle finances, you usually find easier to source. New business ideas form the base for a better future, but don’t rush what needs to be done. Attention to detail is EVERYTHING. Try not to leave work, which would be better tied up ahead of schedule. Ring right now for your week in full.

 

GEMINI (May 22nd-June 21st)

I know you want to see someone who means a lot to you. However, the aspects tell me that your world is moving at a slightly slower pace than others, so try to show patience. An ex comes to mind with a financial matter. Just make sure you are not being emotionally manipulated as you were last year. Ring now to move on from worries quickly.

 

CANCER (June 22nd-July 23rd)

You have a lot of plans, but you also know that in order to have the longevity to your success you desire, you need the support of those you love and rely on. Use Tuesday and Thursday to have that long overdue talk. By showing your most mature attitude, you can stay in control of all that’s transpiring. Ring now for more on life and love.

 

LEO (July 24th-August 23rd)

If you want something new, then you have to stop doing something old. You have spent much of this year, being a victim of emotional blackmail and it’s time to stop. Phone calls and texts Wednesday, cover a lie. Beware! You would be far better to go to the source when seeking facts and figures. Ring now for focus and understanding.

 

VIRGO (August 24th-September 23rd)

Your element of earth, is making it hard for you to feel enthusiastic about plans which others have. This could cast you in a selfish light if you don’t do something, to show you are putting others on an equal footing. Your element of earth brings out your need to ask questions about the past. Ring right now to better understand your family.

 

LIBRA (September 24th-October 23rd)

Have you forgotten something important Libra? You may want to check your diary, as aspects tell me that you could be missing out on seeing some of your favourite people. Plans for next month require a financial deposit, sooner than you think. Impromptu offers hold the key to opening your heart and learning to trust again. Ring now for answers.

 

SCORPIO (October 24th-November 22nd)

Once you free yourself from the need for perfect acceptance it’s a lot easier to begin work that matters. New friends come via work connections and make your week a more fun place to be. Time to stop thinking someone can affect you who you no longer even see. Move on, as aspects tell me they already have. Ring to find out more about your future.

 

SAGITTARIUS (November 23rd-December 21st)

There is a really competitive air to your chart which could see you trying to cut corners which will affect others work or reputation. Try not to do this, as it could come back on you tenfold. Love makes you really think what you want long term this weekend. Ring now to hear how instant attractions are unstoppable.

 

CAPRICORN (December 22nd-January 20th)

You may not feel like you are making much progress, but the things that are going on behind the scenes are sure to please you once they unravel. Trust in those you love and trust in yourself to make the impossible possible this year. Check financial figures, they’re likely to me more flexible than you originally thought. Ring now to be the best you possible.

 

AQUARIUS (January 21st-February 19th)

You only find your limits by pushing them and you know, as I do, that what you want is going to mean you really giving one hundred and ten per cent. Can you do this? Yes, you can. So, don’t pretend otherwise. Items you buy this week prove how much more positive you’re feeling about your ‘situation.’ Ring now so I can help to build you up again.

 

PISCES (February 20th-March 20th)

Don’t even think about quitting the things you have started, as just when you had given up on getting support, you are about to be pleasantly surprised. Geminis link to a new social path beckoning, which is sure to take years off of you. The quiet spell you feel the need to take, is for you to connect your head with all your heart is feeling. Ring to find closure.

 

 

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