Today’s Funny for April 7: Rules For Being Human

Rules For Being Human


You will receive a body. You may like it or hate it, but it will be yours for the entire period this time around.

You will learn lessons. You are enrolled in a full-time informal school called LIFE. Each day in this school you will have the opportunity to learn lessons. You may like these lessons or think them irrelevant or stupid. It makes no difference, you will learn lessons.

There are no mistakes, only lessons. Growth is a process of trial and error, experimentation. The “failed” experiment that ultimately “works.”

A lesson is repeated until learned. A lesson will be presented to you in various forms until you have learned it. When you have learned it, you can then go on to the next lesson.

Learning lessons does not end. There is no part of life that does not contain its lessons. If you are alive, there are lessons to be learned.

“There” is no better than “Here.” When your “There” has become a “Here” you will simply obtain another “There” that will again, look better than “Here.”

Others are merely mirrors of you. You cannot love or hate something about another person unless it reflects to you something you love or hate about yourself.

What you make of life is up to you. You have all the tools and resources that you need. What you do with them is up to you. The choice is YOURS.

The answers to life’s questions lie inside of you. All you need to do is look, listen, and trust

You will get what you ask for. It may not be what you wanted, but it will be what you asked for.

UPON ENTERING THIS LEVEL OF EXISTENCE, YOU WILL FORGET ALL OF THE ABOVE.

 

–Turok’s Cabana

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The Old Farmer’s Almanac for April 7: MOSQUITO REPELLENTS AND BITE REMEDIES

 

MOSQUITO REPELLENTS AND BITE REMEDIES

HOME REMEDIES FOR REPELLING MOSQUITOES AND SOOTHING BUG BITES

Use these natural mosquito repellents and mosquito bite remedies to keep the mosquitoes away and get relief from itchy bug bites!

We love summer but staying away from mosquitoes is annoying. No one wants to wear long clothes in the heat just to prevent mosquito bites, but the bugs can be relentless.

It’s not all mosquitoes that feed on blood, though: male mosquitoes only drink nectar, whereas female mosquitoes nourish their developing eggs with protein-rich blood. To that end, the female mosquitoes prefer to bite ankles and wrists, where blood vessels are nearer to the skin’s surface. Ever noticed where you get bitten?

WHY DO MOSQUITO BITES ITCH?

When a mosquito bites you, it injects a small amount of saliva into the wound to stop your blood from clotting. Our bodies react to this foreign substance and, in defense, produce a protein called histamine. Histamine triggers the characteristic inflammation seen around mosquito bites, as well as the itching.

Note: Though it’s rare, mosquito saliva can also carry encephalitis, malaria, West Nile virus, yellow fever. If you have any complications with bug bites (besides itching), check for symptoms of these other diseases.

NATURAL BUG REPELLENT REMEDIES

Did you know: A higher body temperature and more sweat make you more likely to be bitten. A first step is to wash off any sweat and keep your body temperature down.

Topical Mosquito Repellents

  • Many readers claim that rubbing apple cider vinegar on your skin helps to repel insects. If you take in enough apple cider vinegar by putting it on foods you eat, you’ll develop a body odor that will repel insects, including black flies. One great and refreshing summer drink for this purpose is switchel, made from apple cider vinegar.
  • Lemon Eucalyptus oil is recommended by the C.D.C. to repel mosquitoes, as is picaridin.
  • Some people swear garlic works and swallow slivered garlic to ward off these summer pests. Others take garlic tablets or rub garlic juice directly on their skin.
  • If you are going to use a DEET repellent, do not use one with more than 25% DEET. Unlike the SPF rating in sunscreens, higher concentrations of DEET don’t mean more protection.

How to Get Rid of Mosquitoes in Your Yard

  • To keep mosquitoes to a minimum, eliminate their breeding sites on your property. They need standing water to lay their eggs in, so empty those puddles, old cans, buckets, and plant pots. If you have a pond, don’t worry—dragonflies love ponds, and they are a big mosquito predator.
  • It is thought that certain plants repel a broad spectrum of insects. Marigolds, chrysanthemums, asters, and pyrethrum daisies, as well as herbs such as basil, anise, and coriander, are all thought to repel insects. See more plants that repel mosquitoes.
  • Citronella candles are not proven to work, however the smoke repels mosquitoes. Or, burn a little sage or rosemary over coals to repel mosquitoes.
  • Add a bat house to your home! Did you know that one small brown bat can eat as many as 600 mosquitoes in one hour? Check this page for more information on bats and other creatures that eat annoying pests!
  • Be aware that using pesticides to get rid of mosquitoes can also harm more beneficial bugs like fireflies and dragonflies. Try some home remedies before making that decision!

MOSQUITO BITE RELIEF: HOME REMEDIES FOR BUG BITES AND ITCHING

  • It helps to ice the area of the bite to constrict the capillaries near the skin’s surface and reduce swelling.
  • If you are going to use a topical cream, stay away from caladryl and calamine lotions for mosquito bites; it’s better to apply a low-potency hydrocortisone and simple patience.
  • Remember not to scratch the bite; this will only make it worse. For itchy bites, rub on meat tenderizer or lemon juice. A paste of mashed garlic can also help make bug bites stop itching.
  • White vinegar is another remedy for relieving the itch of insect bites. Apply it in full strength. Don’t use vinegar if the area is raw. See more household uses for vinegar.
  • A paste of baking soda and water can provide much-needed relief to bug bites. Learn more about the countless household uses for baking soda.
  • Oatmeal can also help to provide itch relief—not only for bug bites.
  • Some people have luck with high doses of vitamin B1 (100 milligrams, two or three times a day), but it doesn’t work for everybody.
  • If you have an intense reaction to mosquito bites, consult your doctor.

The Old Farmer’s Almanac

The Old Farmer’s Almanac for April 7: TICKS AND MOSQUITOES: PROTECT YOURSELF

 

TICKS AND MOSQUITOES: PROTECT YOURSELF

Ticks & mosquitoes have become abundant. Time for warnings. Protect yourself with safe but also effective solutions!

First, let’s just talk about ticks and mosquitoes. Not to be scary, but lyme disease, anaplasmosis, babesiosis, ehrlichiosis, tularemia, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Powassan virus, West Nile virus, eastern equine encephalitis, dengue, and now zika are just some of the diseases transmitted by these biting insects.

Everyone should check local or state public health agencies to learn the habits and life cycles of the biting insects and ticks in your area, as well as labs that will identify ticks. Learn to remove a tick safely  and check every inch of your body (inside and behind ears, scalp, belly button, behind knees, between toes, etc.) after outdoor excursions.

But remember: not all species of ticks and mosquitoes in any given area are able to transmit disease, and even if they do have that capability, the one that bites you might not be carrying enough of a viral or bacterial load to infect you.

Mosquitoes usually become infected from feeding on infected birds. Ticks generally pick up infectious bacteria as young larvae feeding on infected rodents.

Fortunately, there are ways your can protect yourself and your loved ones from getting bitten in the first place.

HOW TICKS FIND YOU

Lacking wings, ticks can’t fly. They also don’t leap, hop, drop from trees, or even move very fast. Instead, ticks at every stage of development seek their hosts with a behavior entomologists call “questing.”

They climb the stems of grasses, foliage plants, and low shrubbery, and extend their forelegs–which contain sensing organs that respond to carbon dioxide, body heat and odors, vibration, and moisture–grabbing on when a suitable host brushes by. They crawl, generally upward, until they find a patch of skin to attach to, secreting anaesthetics and anticoagulants, and “cementing” themselves in for a meal.

Ticks have evolved an ingenious two-way system that sends concentrated nutrients from the blood meal into the tick’s gut in one direction, while returning excess fluid–along with any pathogens living in the tick’s saliva–back into the host’s body.

HOW MOSQUITOES FIND YOU

Only female mosquitoes bite; they need blood to develop their eggs. Recent research shows that mosquitoes use a combination of smell, sight, and thermal sensing to locate a suitable host. Unlike the tick, which can attach for hours or days, a mosquito zooms in for a quick nip and flies away.

HOW TO PREVENT TICK AND MOSQUITO BITES

A few simple strategies can help you avoid tick and mosquito bites when you go outside:

  • Avoid times of day when most mosquitoes are active (early moring and dusk), and areas where ticks are most likley to abound.
  • Dress to defend. Cover up with long, light-colored pants tucked into socks, long sleeves with tight cuffs, long gloves, and tall rubber boots (ticks can’t climb the shiny surface) Wear a head net with netting that comes down over your shoulders if you’re walking through brush or pruning shrubs, berry bushes, or fruit trees.
    Better yet, invest in a full netting suit that covers you from head to ankles. (Yes, the photo above is me in my Bug Baffler.) At first you may feel like the village eccentric working your garden, mowing your lawn, or tromping down a local nature trail—but hey, think of yourself as a public-health trendsetter.
  • For even more protection, wear garments treated with permethrin, a serious pesticide that disables or kills ticks or flying insects that land on it. You can purchase treated garments from outdoor retailers, or buy permethrin sprays to treat your own clothing. The protective effect will last through several washings, but wash permethrin-treated clothing separately from other clothes.

Warning: Don’t spray or rub permethrin directly onto skin. Follow label instructions. Always spray outdoors on a calm, dry day. Keep permethrin containers locked and away from children.

  • Use bug repellents. These products don’t repel as much as confuse insects and ticks, so they don’t recognize you as a potential host. Repellents come in sprays, lotions, sticks, and wipes, and they vary widely in what biting pests they work against, the concentration of effective ingredients, and the hours of protection they provide. Check those labels carefully.
    • DEET is the current gold standard for insect and tick protection. It’s been used and studied since 1946, though it has caused health concerns. For good protection against ticks, use in 15 percent to 50 percent (but no nigher) concentrations.
    • Picaridin is generally considered safer (especially for children) than DEET, and also won’t damage fabrics. To protect against ticks, use the 20 percent concentration.
    • BioUD, a relatively new product developed by research scientists at North Carolina State University, works as well or better than DEET against mosquitoes and ticks. Its active ingredients are naturally occurring essential oils from wild tomato plant.
  • Although the many other products manufactured from or homemade plant extracts or essential oils may have good short-term use against mosquitoes and other biting insects, I wouldn’t trust them to repel ticks in a heavily infested area. Researchers have several plant-based repellents in the pipeline that may come on line soon.

 

ABOUT THIS BLOG

“Living Naturally” is all about living a naturally healthy lifestyle. Margaret Boyles covers health tips, ways to avoid illness, natural remedies, food that’s good for body and soul, recipes for homemade beauty products, ideas to make your home a healthy and safe haven, and the latest news on health. Our goal is also to encourage self-sufficiency, whether it’s relearning some age-old skills or getting informed on modern improvements that help us live better, healthier lives

The Old Farmer’s Almanac

The Old Farmer’s Almanac for April 7: TICK BITES | LYME DISEASE | TREATMENT

 

TICK BITES | LYME DISEASE | TREATMENT

TICK BITE TREATMENT AND REMOVAL

If you spend time outside or have pets that go outdoors, it’s important to be aware of tick bites—their symptoms, prevention, and treatment. Some ticks transmit Lyme Disease, so we’ll also help you understand types of tickets and disease symptoms.

Ticks are small bloodsucking parasites. Ticks not only carry the dangerous Lyme disease, but also Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Colorado tick fever, or a number of other diseases. In fact, ticks are the leading carriers of diseases to humans in the U.S., and second only to mosquitoes worldwide. Similarly to mosquitoes, toxins in the tick’s saliva cause the disease.

As many as 300,000 people may be diagnosed and treated for Lyme disease each year through the bite of infected blacklegged ticks. It is a regional affliction with 95% of the cases occurring in 14 states in the Upper Midwest, New England, and the Mid-Atlantic, but the only state that has had no reports of Lyme disease is Hawaii. Lyme disease is most common in children 5 to 15 years old and adults 40 to 60 years of age, and risk of infection is greatest from May to August.

WHAT IS LYME DISEASE?

An infected tick transmits the spiral-shaped bacterium called a spirochete to us through a tick bite. Because of the spirochete’s shape, it is able to corkscrew its way from the bloodstream into soft tissue, tendons, joints, and bones. There is some controversy about how long the tick needs to be embedded to transmit the disease. The CDC says 24 hours, but some doctors claim only four hours or less will do it.

LYME DISEASE SYMPTOMS

Lyme disease is hard to diagnose because so many of its symptoms—such as fever, chills, sore joints, headaches, and exhaustion—mimic other diseases. Tick bites are also generally painless and may go completely unnoticed.

If left untreated, infection can spread to joints, the heart, and the nervous system.

One common symptom is the telltale Lyme disease rash, called erythema migrans. This rash forms the shape of a bullseye around the location of the tick bite. It is red and usually appears within 3 to 14 days of the tick bite. The rash will then grow larger, and sometimes more than one rash can develop. Go to the doctor immediately if you have the rash. Other rashes can develop around tick bites that are not associated with Lyme disease, but it is best to be safe. Not everyone who is infected with Lyme disease contracts the rash, so it is actually a lucky sign that will allow the doctor to make a quick diagnosis and provide treatment.

If Lyme disease is allowed to progress, it can be a debilitating illness. If you live in an area that is prone to ticks carrying Lyme disease, check yourself regularly for ticks and be aware of Lyme disease symptoms. Even if you think you might just have a cold, if you’ve recently had a tick bite, you should check with your doctor.

TYPES OF TICKS

Hard ticks have a tough back plate and tend to feed for hours to days. With hard ticks, disease transmission usually occurs near the end of a meal.

Soft ticks have a more rounded body and lack the back plate. They usually feed for less than an hour and disease transmission can occur in less than a minute.

Lyme disease is caused by hard ticks including deer ticks. Sitting on a log in the woods, leaning up against a tree or gathering wood are risky activities when trying to avoid ticks.

The deer tick or black-legged tick is so tiny that it can be difficult to see. At the nymph stage it is even smaller—about the size of a poppy seed and translucent. Since the nymphs are so hard to see, they can latch on to us unnoticed. This can make it even harder to recognize the symptoms of Lyme disease for what they are. Normally these nymphs feed on mice, deer, and birds, but any warm body will do.

The deer tick is known to carry Lyme disease. If you have a tick bite from a black-legged tick, save the tick for disease testing.

The black-legged tick has a two-year life cycle. Adults feed on large animals like deer, mate, and lay eggs in the soil in fall and early spring. These eggs hatch into larvae which feed on mice, birds, and people until they become adults in the fall and start the cycle all over again.

Ticks are highly active in the early spring and again in the fall. Ticks may get on you if you walk through areas where they live, such as tall grass, leaf litter or shrubs, woods, meadows, and near the water’s edge.

HOW TO PREVENT TICK BITES AND LYME DISEASE

There are several ways to keep ourselves tick-safe. Take the following precautions when working outside:

  • Stay out of tick-infested areas such as overgrown grass, brush, and leaf litter.
  • When outdoors, wear light-colored protective clothing
  • Shower after working outside to wash off unattached ticks.
  • Check yourself, the kids, and pets thoroughly for ticks on days you go outdoors.
  • Tall rubber boots are too slippery for ticks. Wear long sleeves and long pants to keep them off your skin.
  • Tuck your pants into your socks to keep ticks from crawling up your leg.
  • Use a repellent that contains at least 20-30% DEET or wear treated clothing.

For more information on ticks and Lyme disease, visit the American Lyme Disease Foundation website.

TICK REMOVAL

If you find a tick on your skin, use fine-tipped tweezers will remove a tick quite effectively.

  • Use the tweezers to firmly grasp the tick as close to its head and as close to your skin as possible. Avoid squeezing the tick’s abdomen; crushing a tick may transmit diseases.
  • Pull gently upward until the tick comes free. Do not twist and turn the tick, as the head or mouth parts may break off and stay in the skin, increasing the chances for infection.  If this happens, remove the mouth-parts with tweezers. If you are unable to remove the mouth easily with clean tweezers, leave it alone and let the skin heal.
  • After removing the tick, thoroughly clean the bite area and your hands with rubbing alcohol, an iodine scrub, or soap and water.

When removing a tick with tweezers, be sure to remove the entire tick and leave no parts in the skin. (Photo Credit: University of Maine.) 

  • Disinfect the tweezers with rubbing alcohol, and wash your hands thoroughly.
  • Observe the bite area for several days. Illnesses transmitted by the tick often begin only days or weeks after the tick is gone. If symptoms occur, tell the physician if you have been outdoors.
  • Symptoms may include fever, numbness, rash, confusion, weakness, pain and swelling in the joints, shortness of breath, nausea, and/or vomiting. Blood tests are needed to diagnose any illness.

 

What to Do with a Removed Tick

  • Dispose of a live tick by submersing it in alcohol, placing it in a sealed bag, and wrapping it tightly in tape. Never crush a tick with your fingers.
  • When disposing of a tick that has not attached yet, drop it into a sealed plastic bag and throw it into the trash. Or, you can drop it into a jar of rubbing alcohol; with this method, you can save it for later identification, although it is better not to do this if you want to have it tested for disease.
  • Do not flush a live tick down the toilet. Ticks do not drown in water and have been known to crawl back up out of the toilet bowl.
  • If you are bitten, it is recommended that you save the tick for identification and send it to a lab to test if the tick is carrying a disease. In this case, place the tick in a tightly closed container, such as a vial or a zippered plastic bag (doubled, if the tick is alive). Do not soak the tick in alcohol. If the tick is alive (which is preferable for testing), some labs ask that you place a cotton ball moistened with a few drops of water in the container. Label the container with the date, your name and contact information, the bite’s location on the body, and your general health at the time. If known, also list the geographical location from which the tick may have originated. Send live ticks as soon as possible to a lab; some labs accept dead or damaged ticks as well. If the tick is dead and you don’t want to have it tested, you can store the container in the freezer for later tick ID in case symptoms develop.

Do you often deal with ticks? How do you keep yourself tick-free? Please share with the Almanac community in the comments section below!

ABOUT THIS BLOG

Get inspired by Robin Sweetser’s backyard gardening tips and tricks. Robin has been a contributor to The Old Farmer’s Almanac and the All-Seasons Garden Guide for many years. She and her partner Tom have a small greenhouse business and also sell plants, cut flowers, and vegetables at their local Farmer’s Market.

The Old Farmer’s Almanac

Holidays Around the World for April 7: Carling Sunday

Carling Sunday

Carling Sunday is the fifth Sunday in Lent, and is also known as Passion Sunday . Its name possibly derives from “care.” It is traditional in Great Britain to eat a dish of parched peas cooked in butter, called a carling, said to be in memory of grain Jesus’ disciples picked on the Sabbath.

SOURCES:
BkDays-1864, vol. I, p. 336
BkFest-1937, p. 56
DictDays-1988, p. 19
EncyEaster-2002, p. 463
FestSaintDays-1915, p. 53
FolkWrldHol-1999, p. 169
OxYear-1999, p. 615

This Day in History for April 7: Japanese Battleship Yamato Sunk (1945)

Japanese Battleship Yamato Sunk (1945)

Yamato (大和) was the lead ship of her class of battleships built for the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) shortly before World War II. She and her sister ship, Musashi, were the heaviest and most powerfully armed battleships ever constructed, displacing 72,800 tonnes at full load and armed with nine 46 cm (18.1 in) Type 94 main guns, which were the largest guns ever mounted on a warship.

Named after the ancient Japanese Yamato Province, Yamato was designed to counter the numerically superior battleship fleet of the United States, Japan’s main rival in the Pacific. She was laid down in 1937 and formally commissioned a week after the Pearl Harbor attack in late 1941. Throughout 1942, she served as the flagship of the Combined Fleet, and in June 1942 Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto directed the fleet from her bridge during the Battle of Midway, a disastrous defeat for Japan. Musashi took over as the Combined Fleet flagship in early 1943, and Yamato spent the rest of the year, and much of 1944, moving between the major Japanese naval bases of Truk and Kure in response to American threats. Although present at the Battle of the Philippine Sea in June 1944, she played no part in the battle.

The only time Yamato fired her main guns at enemy surface targets was in October 1944, when she was sent to engage American forces invading the Philippines during the Battle of Leyte Gulf. On the verge of success, the Japanese force turned back, believing they were engaging an entire US carrier fleet rather than a light escort carrier group that was all which stood between the battleship and vulnerable troop transports.

During 1944, the balance of naval power in the Pacific decisively turned against Japan, and by early 1945, its fleet was much depleted and badly hobbled by critical fuel shortages in the home islands. In a desperate attempt to slow the Allied advance, Yamato was dispatched on a one-way mission to Okinawa in April 1945, with orders to beach herself and fight until destroyed protecting the island. The task force was spotted south of Kyushu by US submarines and aircraft, and on 7 April 1945 she was sunk by American carrier-based bombers and torpedo bombers with the loss of most of her crew.

Design and construction

During the 1930s the Japanese government adopted an ultranationalist militancy with a view to greatly expand the Japanese Empire.[1] Japan withdrew from the League of Nations in 1934, renouncing its treaty obligations.[2] After withdrawing from the Washington Naval Treaty, which limited the size and power of capital ships, the Imperial Japanese Navy began their design of the new Yamato class of heavy battleships. Their planners recognized Japan would be unable to compete with the output of U.S. naval shipyards should war break out, so the 70,000 ton[3] vessels of the Yamato class were designed to be capable of engaging multiple enemy battleships at the same time.[4][5]

The keel of Yamato, the lead ship of the class,[6] was laid down at the Kure Naval Arsenal, Hiroshima, on 4 November 1937, in a dockyard that had to be adapted to accommodate her enormous hull.[7][8] The dock was deepened by one meter, and gantry cranes capable of lifting up to 350 tonnes were installed.[7][9] Extreme secrecy was maintained throughout construction,[7][10] a canopy even being erected over part of the drydock to screen the ship from view.[11]Yamato was launched on 8 August 1940, with Captain (later Vice-Admiral) Miyazato Shutoku in command.[12] A great effort was made in Japan to ensure that the ships were built in extreme secrecy to prevent American intelligence officials from learning of their existence and specifications.[7][10]

Armament

Yamatos main battery consisted of nine 46 cm (18.1 in) 45 Caliber Type 94 naval guns—the largest caliber of naval artillery ever fitted to a warship,[14] although the shells were not as heavy as those fired by the British 18-inch naval guns of World War I. Each gun was 21.13 metres (69.3 ft) long, weighed 147.3 metric tons (162.4 short tons), and was capable of firing high-explosive or armor-piercing shells 42 kilometres (26 mi).[15] Her secondary battery comprised twelve 155-millimetre (6.1 in) guns mounted in four triple turrets (one forward, one aft, two midships), and twelve 127-millimetre (5.0 in) guns in six twin mounts (three on each side amidships). These turrets had been taken off the Mogami-class cruisers when those vessels were converted to a main armament of 20.3-centimetre (8.0 in) guns. In addition, Yamato carried twenty-four 25-millimetre (0.98 in) anti-aircraft guns, primarily mounted amidships.[14] When refitted in 1944 and 1945 for naval engagements in the South Pacific,[16] the secondary battery configuration was changed to six 155 mm guns and twenty-four 127 mm guns, and the number of 25 mm anti-aircraft guns was increased to 162.[17]

Service

Trials and initial operations

During October or November 1941 Yamato underwent sea trials, reaching her maximum possible speed of 27.4 knots (50.7 km/h; 31.5 mph).[12][N 1] As war loomed, priority was given to accelerating military construction. On 16 December, months ahead of schedule, the battleship was formally commissioned at Kure, in a ceremony more austere than usual, as the Japanese were still intent on concealing the ship’s characteristics.[12] The same day, under Captain (later Vice-Admiral) Gihachi Takayanagi, she joined fellow battleships Nagato and Mutsu in the 1st Battleship Division.[19]

On 12 February 1942, Yamato became the flagship of Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto’s Combined Fleet.[12][18] A veteran of Japan’s crushing victory over Russia at the Battle of Tsushima in the Russo-Japanese War, the Pearl Harbor victor was planning a decisive engagement with the United States Navy at Midway Island. After participating in war games Yamato departed Hiroshima Bay on 27 May for duty with Yamamoto’s main battleship group.[12][20] US codebreakers were aware of Yamamoto’s intentions and the Battle of Midway proved disastrous for Japan’s carrier force, with four fleet carriers and 332 aircraft lost.[12]Yamamoto exercised overall command from Yamatos bridge,[20] but his battle plan had widely dispersed his forces to lure the Americans into a trap, and the battleship group was too far away to take part in the engagement.[12] On 5 June, Yamamoto ordered the remaining ships to return to Japan, so Yamato withdrew with the main battleship force to Hashirajima, before making her way back to Kure.[18][19]

Yamato left Kure for Truk on 17 August 1942.[21][N 2] After 11 days at sea, she was sighted by the American submarine USS Flying Fish, which fired four torpedoes, all of which missed; Yamato arrived safely at Truk later that day.[18][21][N 3] She remained there throughout the Guadalcanal Campaign because of a lack of 46 cm ammunition suitable for shore bombardment, uncharted seas around Guadalcanal, and her high fuel consumption.[12][16] Before the year’s end, Captain (later Rear Admiral) Chiaki Matsuda was assigned to command Yamato.[21]

On 11 February 1943, Yamato was replaced by her sister ship Musashi as flagship of the Combined Fleet.[12] The battleship spent only a single day away from Truk between her arrival in August 1942 and her departure on 8 May 1943.[12][22] On that day, she set sail for Yokosuka and from there for Kure, arriving on 14 May.[12][22] She spent nine days in dry dock for inspection and general repairs,[21] and after sailing to Japan’s western Inland Sea she was again dry-docked in late July for significant refitting and upgrades. On 16 August, Yamato began her return to Truk, where she joined a large task force formed in response to American raids on the Tarawa and Makin atolls.[21] She sortied in late September with Nagato, three carriers, and smaller warships to intercept US Task Force 15, and again a month later with six battleships, three carriers, and eleven cruisers. Intelligence had reported that the United States Naval Base at Pearl Harbor was nearly empty of ships,[12] which the Japanese interpreted to mean that an American naval force would strike at Wake Island.[12] But there were no radar contacts for six days, and the fleet returned to Truk, arriving on 26 October.[12]

Yamato escorted Transport Operation BO-1 from Truk to Yokosuka during 12–17 December.[22] Subsequently, because of their extensive storage capacity and thick armor protection, Yamato and Musashi were pressed into service as transport vessels.[23] On 25 December, while ferrying troops and equipment—which were wanted as reinforcements for the garrisons at Kavieng and the Admiralty Islands—from Yokosuka to Truk, Yamato and her task group were intercepted by the American submarine Skate about 180 miles (290 km) out at sea.[12][24] Skate fired a spread of four torpedoes at Yamato; one struck the battleship’s starboard side toward the stern.[12] A hole 5 metres (16 ft) below the top of her anti-torpedo bulge and measuring some 25 metres (82 ft) across was ripped open in the hull, and a joint between the upper and lower armored belts failed, causing the rear turret’s upper magazine to flood.[13] Yamatotook on about 3,000 tons of water,[13][24] but reached Truk later that day. The repair ship Akashi effected temporary repairs,[21] and Yamato departed on 10 January for Kure.[24]

On 16 January 1944, Yamato arrived at Kure for repairs of the torpedo damage and was dry-docked until 3 February.[21] During this time, armor plate sloped at 45° was fitted in the area of damage to her hull. It had been proposed that 5,000 long tons (5,100 t) of steel be used to bolster the ship’s defense against flooding from torpedo hits outside the armored citadel, but this was rejected out of hand because the additional weight would have increased Yamatos displacement and draft too much.[13] While Yamato was dry-docked, Captain Nobuei Morishita—former captain of the battleship Haruna—assumed command.[21] On 25 February, Yamato and Musashi were reassigned from the 1st Battleship Division to the Second Fleet.

Yamato was again dry-docked at Kure for further upgrades to all her radar and anti-aircraft systems from 25 February to 18 March 1944.[21] Each of the two beam-mounted 6.1 inch (155-mm) triple turrets was removed and replaced by three pairs of 5-inch (127-mm) AA guns in double mounts. In addition, 8 triple and 26 single 25mm AA mounts were added, increasing the total number of 127 mm and 25 mm anti-aircraft guns to 24 and 162, respectively.[17] Shelters were also added on the upper deck for the increased AA crews. A Type 13 air search and Type 22, Mod 4, surface search/gunnery control radar were installed, and the main mast was altered. Her radar suite was also upgraded to include infrared identification systems and aircraft search and gunnery control radars.[21] She left the dry dock on 18 March and went through several trials beginning on 11 April.[24] Yamato left Kure on 21 April and embarked soldiers and materiel the following day at Okinoshima for a mission to Manila, reaching the Philippines on 28 April.[13] She then moved on to Malaya to join Vice-Admiral Jisaburo Ozawa’s Mobile Fleet at Lingga;[21] this force arrived at Tawi Tawi on 14 May.[21] Read More….

Daily Inspiration for Sunday, April 7: April Showers

 

April Showers

BY MADISYN TAYLOR

As the rain comes down, we can visualize it cleansing our minds and hearts, washing away winter, preparing us to start anew.

We are not always glad to see rain make its appearance each spring, accompanied as it is by clouds and cancellations, muddy boots, and limited visibility. Yet, without it, summer’s lushness would be less deep and less vibrant, the earth more exposed and unprotected from the sun’s heat, and browns instead of greens would dominate the landscape. For anyone who has ever suffered through a drought, rain is always recognized for the blessing that it is, the forerunner of flowers and fruit.

Even though most of us admittedly prefer sunshine to rain, we can appreciate the rain as part of the intertwining cycle of opposites that makes our world go round–wet and dry, dark and light, cold and warm, each giving way to the other in equal measure. This dynamic of yin and yang governs all aspects of life, and rain and flowers are no exception. Their interdependence offers us another window into the inner workings of nature and life in general. In our personal lives, there is also a time for resting and a time for growth, a time to allow and receive, and a time to blossom forth with abandon in full color. As the rain comes down, we might surrender to its wisdom, visualizing it cleansing our minds and hearts, washing away the detritus of winter, preparing us to come clean into the second half of spring, ready to start anew.

As the days grow longer and the rain grows first warmer and then less frequent, the earth will begin drying off and the promised buds will burst in every imaginable color. Until then, the rainbow after the rainstorm serves to remind us of what’s coming with a display so otherworldly that we can’t help but love the showers almost as much as we love the flowers.

–Daily OM

Get A Jump on Tomorrow, Your Horoscopes for Monday, April 8

Moon Alert

Caution: Avoid shopping or big decisions from 4 AM to 5:30 PM EDT today (1 AM to 2:30 PM PDT). After that, the Moon moves from Taurus into Gemini.

Aries (March 21-April 19)

Please note the restrictions of the Moon Alert (see above) today because your focus is on financial matters. A Moon Alert is a poor time for financial decisions or for spending money on anything other than food, gas and entertainment. Be mindful of this.

Taurus (April 20-May 20)

Today the Moon is in your sign for a good part of the day, and while this is happening, there is a Moon Alert taking place. This is why you might feel loosey-goosey and indecisive. However, it’s an excellent time to socialize and be creative.

Gemini (May 21-June 20)

Don’t go off half-cocked today, which might be easy to do because fiery Mars is in your sign, revving your engines and stirring you to be proactive and Johnny on the spot! Meanwhile, most of this day is a Moon Alert, which is a bad time to make important decisions or spend money. Stay chill.

Cancer (June 21-July 22)

Today you might be focused on dealing with friends or groups; furthermore, you might be involved in setting goals. Do be aware that most of this day is a Moon Alert (see above), which means it’s a poor time to make decisions. But it’s a great time to socialize!

Leo (July 23-Aug. 22)

During today’s Moon Alert (see above) do not volunteer for anything or agree to anything important when talking to parents and bosses. Keep your head down and your powder dry. Write down your creative ideas and run them up the flagpole tomorrow.

Virgo (Aug. 23-Sept. 22)

It’s Monday. Mars is high in your chart arousing your ambition. Today you are focused on shared property, taxes and debt. However, most of this day is a Moon Alert, which means you should avoid important decisions in financial matters. Heads up!

Libra (Sept. 23-Oct. 22)

Today you need to be aware of the restrictions of the Moon Alert (see above) and confine your spending to gas, food and entertaining diversions. Postpone important decisions and major purchases until tomorrow or until after the Moon Alert is over.

Scorpio (Oct. 23-Nov. 21)

Your conversations with friends and partners might be vague and hard to pin down because of the Moon Alert today. Don’t agree to anything important during that time and do not volunteer for anything or make an appointment. Keep things light.

Sagittarius (Nov. 22-Dec. 21)

Don’t expect top productivity at work today because the Moon Alert will erode your efficiency and introduce delays and a general sense of vagueness and indecisiveness. However, during a Moon Alert our minds can be highly creative!

Capricorn (Dec. 22-Jan. 19)

This can be a very creative day for you, especially if you work in the arts, the entertainment world or the hospitality industry. You will also be successful if you work with children because it’s easy for you to think outside of the box. Restrict spending to food, gas and entertainment.

Aquarius (Jan. 20-Feb. 18)

This is the perfect day to play hooky from work and stay at home because most of today is a Moon Alert, which means things are loosey-goosey. The one thing that is improved during a Moon Alert is one’s creative talents. Restrict your spending to food, gas and entertaining diversions.

Pisces (Feb. 19-March 20)

This is a loosey-goosey day due to the Moon Alert. Do not make important decisions during this time. Do not spend money on anything other than food, gas or entertainment. Once the Moon Alert is over – it’s all systems go. Be smart.

If Your Birthday Is Today

Actress Robin Wright (1966) shares your birthday today. You are idealistic, yet realistic. You think carefully before making decisions. This year you have responsibilities to family as well as yourself because service to others is important. Therefore, take care of yourself so that you are a strong resource. Nurture relationships you value. Tap into your personal creativity and hobbies. Make your home pleasing to return to.

 

–GeorgiaNichols

Born on April 7th, Happy Birthday, Aries!

Happy Birthday

Happy Birthday, Aries!

IF YOUR BIRTHDAY IS APRIL 7, you make life appealing. You yearn to do new things, to see new faces and explore new territory. In fact, Aries, you are careless sometimes. You are likely to lose things.

Before you can settle down with what you have, you are on the next adventure. Like other Arians, the April 7 birthday personality like to be in control of whatever they are doing. You are capable of great things with your enthusiastic attitude.

Alternatively, your weakness could be that you worry too much. Aries may start to do things that just do not add up. Indecision and self-doubt shows when you are irritable or tense.

If today April 7 is your birthdate, you should learn to express yourself in a positive way. Supposedly, it is involuntary but nevertheless, you could hurt someone’s feelings and that will make you feel bad as well.

In terms of emotional growth, the 7th April birthday horoscope predicts that you are on the right path. Arians born on this day have dynamic birthdate personality traits that draws people to you.

You may have a strong desire to resolve problems before they get lost in everyday routines. As life goes on, you could very well look up one day and it be too late to save a friendship or relationship. So you should take care of things as they happen. You like to laugh and have a good time. People born  on this Aries birthday are generally optimistic and confident people.

When it comes to romance, the 7 April zodiac birthday people can be idealistic but very generous lovers. Your reputation for giving precedes you. Aries, you have admirers! Where there are admirers, you will have those who are jealous so expect it. Actually, you have jealous tendencies as well.

The April 7th birthdate meanings show that sometimes you can be too suspicious and that imagination of yours can run wild with unrealistic thoughts. You can take things to heart when you should not be so sensitive.

Communication is the key here, Aries to an open and honest relationship. Your concern to make things right scores you major brownie points with your lover. If you are to avoid disappointments, those born on this day should understand and accept a certain degree of blame.

The 7 April birthday personality can expect to be wealthy. You will likely search for those opportunities that provides an exceptional pay plan and benefit package. Working your way to the top will give you a sense of pride that is unmatched by any other feeling.

You who are born on this day are predestined for success. Whatever your career of choice is, you will receive rewards for your time, dedication and accomplishments. You can be on top of the world, if you choose to be. Stay close to those who have your best interest at heart.

The 7th April birthday astrology analysis also predicts that those born on this day are sensible when it comes to taking care of themselves. Your active lifestyle, however, has a tendency to put your body through stressful situations but you keep on ticking. If you were to eat balanced meals and exercise on a regular basis, you would be in excellent shape.

Sometimes, Aries, you take it for granted. Nope, nothing lasts forever so practice preventive measures like staying away from hot and spicy foods and those foods that are rich in fat. Getting a check-up would not hurt either. Some form of stress is normal but stay clear of those negative situations to avoid anxiety’s consequences.

You who are born on this day, April 7 you make people jealous with your explorations and your ever so fabulous weekend adventure stories. Your birth date analysis shows that you like to be in control. Your exceptionally charming and bubbly attitude maintains your social status.

 

You like to get to the core of a situation to solve a problem. Sometimes, Aries, you let things bother you and your reactions are likely erratic.

This has an adverse affect on your otherwise healthy body. Stay motivated and remember you are Aries the Ram!

This Day That Year – April 7th In History:

1795 – The metre system, as a form of measuring, is adopted by France

1888 – “Yellow Face” is Sherlock Holmes’ first mystery

1891 – The state of Nebraska recognizes the 8-hour workday

1951 – After 51 years, the state of Oklahoma brings prohibition to an end

1978 – A Guttenberg bible sold in NYC for a whopping $2mil

Celebrities Born On 7 April:

Bill Bellamy, Jackie Chan, Tony Dorsett, David Frost, Billie Holiday, Alexis Jordan, David Otunga, Wayne Rogers, Choi Siwon

Birth Sign:

You Fall Under Star Sign Aries

Corresponding Rashi (Vedic Moon Sign): Mesha Rashi

Corresponding Chinese Zodiac Sign: Dragon

Birthdate Planet:

Your ruling planet is Mars that symbolizes the balance between the material and spiritual aspects of our personality.

Birth Date Symbols:

The Ram Is The Symbol For The Aries Zodiac Sign

Birthday Tarot Card:

Your Birthdate Tarot Card is The Chariot. This card symbolizes that success is within your reach provided you make the required effort.

Birth Day Love Compatibility:

You are most compatible with people born under Sun Sign Leo: This is love match full of passion, charisma and love.

You are not compatible with people born under Sun Sign CapricornThis love relationship has good chances of failure.

Birthdate Numerology:

Your Favorable numbers are:

Number 2 – This number signifies tact, diplomacy, caution and emotions.

Number 7 – This number symbolizes a thinker, spiritual awakening and someone who thinks ahead of his time

Lucky Colors For April 7th Birthday:

Scarlet: This is the color of passion, strength, will power and intensity.

Sea Blue: This is a colour that represents freedom, openness, tranquility and wisdom.

Lucky Days For 7 April Birthdate:

Monday: The day ruled by the Moon and symbolizes your telepathy, feelings and emotions.

Tuesday: This day ruled by the Mars is a day of activity, work and progress.

Birth Stone:

Your gemstone is Diamond that helps improve your body metabolism and makes you more courageous.

Ideal Zodiac Birthday Gift For People Born On The 7th Of April:

A sexy pair of cowboy boots for the Aries man and a pair of delicate diamond earrings for the woman.

 

–SunSigns.org