Doo Daa Doo Daa Daaie Janie

Everyone likes to sing along with their favorite song, but can they carry a tune. Most, like me, can’t. But, that in no way stops me from singing. The same goes for oratory comments from the so called celebrities. Like Hanoi Jane, who if she truly under stood history, knows that the fascist didn’t stifle the media but bought it and used it as a propaganda tool, under Joseph Gobbles, to bring down the Weimar government in 1933. Similar to what we are seeing today. And to be precise it wasn’t a disruption of the press as a first step, it was street action, to disrupt, intimidate and beat their opponents. But that’s her song and dance, as it has always been for the last 50 years, no matter who was in the White House. Too bad her husband Jerry Ruben ( Correction: Tom Hayden)isn’t still a live to help propagate their anarchist agenda.

Streisand, what can I say, her favorite song seems to be “Run Away.” As she is reportedly singing that same tune again, and again, wonder if she needs help packing? If she’ll furnish the bus, I’ll drive and we’ll even pick up De Niro, and Baldwin (if he’s on release), and a few others that are so dissatisfied with my country, as they seem not to claim it as theirs. And so the beat goes on. Yes, Cher you can ride too.

Just an observation, but it seems to me that the new drug laws in California are working, at least for the drug culture, or maybe it’s all that money they have that emboldens them to feel repressed? Singing, I’m just so deprived, REALLY? When they finally get what they think they want, they won’t want it, and will truly leave the country.

Overthrowing the government seems to be the pass time of the rich and famous, and Rosie, let me explain to you that under martial law, you won’t be exempt. As for Depp’s remark about assassination, he got one thing right, he’s no actor.

I once read a quote somewhere, and I cannot recall, who or from where but it went something like this, ‘an intelligent man has something to say, an ignorant man has to say something.” So Hollywood nights just keep on keepin on and one day you’ll all be put in the choir singing Joe Cockers tune” If I sang out of tune.”

 Thank you for taking the time to read this

THE COMMENTARY GAZETTE®

CONTRIBUTOR: Eddy Toorall

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Why the fear of Witchcraft?

I admit that have a limited knowledge of the arts of witchery. But I do have a deep understanding of the Christian religion as I was brought up in its doctrine and educated by its most devout followers. I was taught like most that there is but one true god and the teaching that I was receiving was the true word and the only way to salvation and the heavenly rewards of this religion. As an impressionable child this all worked well. Isolation from the real world in your teachings as I found out later in my adult life is absurd. Knowledge of differing ideas frees the soul and the individual perspective of how other people view the world, either for the good or bad of humanity. To propose that one ideology is totally good and righteous is a falsehood. Any ideology can be manipulated to advance the agenda of a personal idea of how things should be, or as a group based overall restructuring of the world. Religion as well as political, both to me fit in the same category reflecting the above concepts of fear, fear of losing salvation to so called darker aspects of either heavenly riches or political control.
Now with that said, back to the topic of fearing witches. As I basically understand the more fundamental teaching of witchcraft, is based upon the older natural notions of the natural laws of world. Something we all see and experience each and every day, and take for granted. Nature is us, around us, in us, we are but one of the many living creatures of this world. Why should we fear the ones who embrace the forces of this world any more than the ones who embrace death for the sake of salvation in another world. Ridiculous isn’t it. Why forsake this world we all share, instead of working to improve it. But to some fanatical religions and to some extent political agendas, the end justifies the means, and the means are to fear all who differ in any idea other than theirs.
The real world is of nature, we all hear of climate change, no matter the means of such whether from human interference or as the reoccurring cycle of nature, it is a force of nature. It is a thing that shall happen. This the natural world and we live in it every day, so why fear those who truly seek to see the beauty in it?
Religions have always been at odds with each other through the last 3,000 years, since the concept of a ‘one god’ (this is a misconception, dualism is the basic idea, good vs. evil) as opposed to a multitude of gods came into being. It is merely a way of controling the population, even more so that through the rule of kings. Kings only command your physical being through the fact of offering protection as a collective in the physical world, but religion controls through the loss of the spiritual world, that which is ever lasting and eternal. Before the ideology of a single god, all our ancestors worshiped many gods in an effort to understand the only real force in the world, nature, it’s a fact face it. It’s easier to instill fear of the unseen, unknown, and unproven and preached as of a divined origin. This fear of the divine not only encompasses dread of losing one’s own immortal soul, but also used to the persecuting of any other spiritual belief contrary to their own, to the point of demonizing that belief. Such is applied to the witchcraft of the world. Admittedly some do profess to belong to the darker side of this idea, but then again so do some in the other religions of the world. But why persecute one and not the others? There are thousands of divergent sects or cults in all the religions of the world, why single out just the one, in a grouping of a single label.
Witchcraft has been demonized for one reason. The early Christian church, which at one time was a unified body not splintered as it is today. The reason is simple, elimination of the opposition. Anything that contradicts the teaching of the organized religions per se belief is the works of the devil, Satan, which ever you prefer, and must be destroyed. So it began, so it continues. Their technics seem very strange to me today, in an effort to save a soul, the individual has to die, amazing. Death is a reoccurring theme in most religions of today other than witchcraft; they all claim the world must end to free the soul. Why? Why, can’t the soul enjoy a freedom here on earth, now, within the wonders of nature?
Witchcraft is the only following that I have found that does not profess fear of the unknown. It endeavors to study and understand the natural world, using the only true aspects of this world, herbs made from the plants which have suckered us as humans from the beginning of our awakening to knowledge, to heal. So why do the others want to promote ill towards them, I think only to eliminate their way of thinking, so much for tolerance. I see no reason to fear witches any more than any other practitioner of a belief, and perhaps an even lesser reason. Judge only as ye wish to be judged.

Thank you for taking the time to read this.

THE COMMENTARY GAZETTE®

CONTRIBUTOR: Eddy Toorall

Submit or Die (The New Politics)

After watching the turmoil of the last few weeks in the Senate, I have come to the decision that the Democratic Party should change its name to the National Socialist Democrats of Non-Constituent. Most people know the word ‘NAZI’, but do they truly know what it stands for? National Socialist Germans Workers Party sounds harmless doesn’t it? If you discount the history that followed this party to power in the early 1930’s, it promoted itself as a people’s party until it ‘seized power,’ the exact words of Hermann Wilhelm Gӧring at his war crimes trial in 1946. Fascism is an ideology with many names, Adolph Hitler, contradictory to common belief was not the founder of the idea; the Germans were not the originators of the idea. Benito Mussolini was the brains behind the basic idea, and the word ‘fascist’ is not even a German word, it is an off shoot of the Italian word “fasces’ denoting the ancient symbol for authority which was an ax bundled within a covering of branches carried before ‘dictators’ or those appointed as ‘imperium’.

So with that history stated one thing we did learn from the confirmation vote of Justice Brett Kavanaugh to the Supreme Court, was that no matter the screaming, and intimidations by the organized radical mobs, the Congress still functions and runs this country, and the United States Constitution is still in effect. Well at least for now. Words carry a power unto themselves, berating public officials in a public display for the benefit of the media, is not a protest but an agenda. Threatening the lives of officials and their family if they do not submit to your demands is not a protest but a terrorist act. And the threats by members of Congress to disrupt a Constitutional process is not acceptable, in fact it is despicable. The breakdown of the ‘Rule of Law’ by the previous Administration has given way to embolden the most radical elements in our society. They feel they have the right to press home their agendas, no matter how detrimental it is for the rest of us with impunity and disregard to the laws of the country. Over the last few years the law enforcement officers of this country have not only been the objects of ridicule and disrespect, but open to acts of aggression, whether it is contaminating their foods at a fast food service or ambushing for the sole purpose of murder. Those that are shouting “Shame “ or “It’s my body” at the so called rallies / protest, should be just as adamant about this issue or more so, as about any other. The shame is on all of us for allowing this to happen.

As I stated ‘fascism’ is an ideology that comes by many names, just by labelling a group isn’t enough. It also denotes the tactics used to achieve the goals of an agenda. Socialist / Communism (you know the fascist salute but do you know the communist salute: a raised arm with a clinched fist) can also be placed in this category; it may profess to be at odds with fascism but only in the fact of being an opposing group, not in its tactics, for they are the same. Which is to gain total authority in control of a government. How is this established? It comes about in stages and may take years to achieve. Destabilization of a govern by any means, first by promoting a distrust amongst the citizens of their own government, usually by massed riots under the disguise of a protest of a perceived wrong. Bearing false witness is a major part of this, if you promote a propaganda idea often enough then by familiarity of repetition the people come to believe it as truth. This can be called ‘programing’ or ‘brainwashing.’ Once establishing distrust in the government, you go after the laws and those who enforce them. By reducing the laws to being ‘unlawful’, then those who enforce them become criminals. This releases the normal perspective of respect for the persons of law enforcement, allowing acts of rebellion and aggression, under the illusion that you are righteous and just, and they aren’t. Resistance, is the most powerful word that can be used to insight a person to rebel, it gives the individual the impression that you are a freedom fighter and righting a wrong. Reinforce this word with people of a high profile, someone the people have grown to respect and idolize, and if you can convince members or former members of the government to support and vocalize the “resistance idea” you have a winning formula. Labels are misleading; it’s the actions that tell the tale. History is filled with the age old ploys of gaining power through the ‘liberation’ of a people from tyranny. But the story never ends well for the people.

I have more to say on this, but for another time. These are just my own observations comparing them to the events of todays world and the events I have studied in history. To me the parallels are uncanny.  George Orwell should have added ‘old is new.’

Thank you for taking the time to read this.

THE COMMENTARY GAZETTE®

REFERENCES: Military Tribunal War Crimes Trials; Nurnberg 1945-46

CONTRIBUTOR: Eddy Toorall

Congress a sexual play ground

The old saying of  ‘don’t throw rocks if you live in a glass house’ should be engraved above the entrance to Congress. It would seem that the asylum is being ran by the inmates. But guess who pays their settlements? Taxpayers, yep, and you thought you were getting your dollars worth of good government.

 

CNN Report: 16 November 2017
“…….Lawmakers and staffers say sexual harassment is “rampant”….with female lawmakers making fresh allegations of sexual harassment against unnamed members who are currently in office….According to a report from the Office of Compliance, more than S17 million has been paid out in settlements over a period of 20 years—1997 to 2017.
According to the OOC data….there have been 268 settlements.

Washington Post: October 27, 2017
Michelle Ye Hee Lee & Elise Viebeck

“ Congress makes its own rules about the handling of sexual complaints against members and staff, passing laws exempting it from practices that apply to other employers.
The result is a culture in which some lawmakers suspect harassment is rampant. Yet victims are unlikely to come forward, according to attorneys who represent them.
Under a law in place since 1995….A special congressional office is charged with trying to resolve the cases out of court.
When settlements do occur, members do not pay them from their own office funds, a requirement in other federal agencies. Instead, the confidential payments come out of a special U.S. Treasury fund.

THE COMMENTARY GAZETTE®

SOURCES: Cable News Network / Washington Post
CONTRIBUTOR: Eddy Toorall

More melodrama in Congress

I’ve been thinking about all the drama queens (who needs reality TV) that are in the Congress; and in the last week there have been a plenty, there are some simple solutions to the political deadlock that seems to hinder the workings of government to conduct business.

First, eliminate the Supreme Court altogether as it stands and a week before the First of October pick a judge or lawyer by consensus from each political party to serve one year. If by some chance its works out to be an even court, then have a write in campaign (citizenship not required) and in a televised event, like one of the reality talent shows, have the three winners explain why they want to be on the court and let the audience vote by text choosing the winner. Truly a non-bias appointee.

Second, Congress is way too large to be effective, it needs to be reduced, to save money and cut out all the BS. One Senator elected from each state should be sufficient, and Four Representatives all elected as non-partisan, and anyone above the legal drinking age should be eligible. Only requirement other than age, should be actual residence in that state, Citizenship optional. This total should be able to do as much as the hundreds that are not doing there now.

Third, Congressional Hearings, what a waste of time, eliminate them altogether. (Refer back to Supreme Court / text vote)

Fourth, State of the Union Address, cost way too much, set up a phone app and for those who really, really care, just text it.

Fifth, Presidential Elections, ok needs age requirement and a possible resume. Requirements should be 1.) Voted in at least one election during life time. 2.) Can walk and chew gum at the same time. 3.) Knows fathers last name if different form theirs. 4.) Not been convicted of any Major crime in the four years previous to the election. 5.) And not be incarcerated during the campaign or eve of taking office.

I am sure there should be more so I will a (Fill in the Blanks) portion.

Hope you have enjoyed reading this as much I did writing, Thanks

THE COMMENTARY GAZETTE®

Eddy Toorall

Hypocrisy of the Press and Media on classified documents

Since the President of the United States has decided to declassify the contents of a FISA warrant the press has all but called the act “criminal”. Claiming it endangers the security of the nation with in its context if released.  I find this strange, as I have witness more blatant security risks by their release of classified secrets in the printed press. 1971 the New York Time released the ‘Pentagon Papers’ by Daniel Ellsberg, these were CLASSIFIED documents dealing with secret information concerning the conduct of the Vietnam War. Wasn’t any condemnation of this act, even though it breached national security. As a matter of fact it was touted by them as the public’s right to know, and presented as an act of patriotism. Then again more recently with Edward Snowden (National Security Agency, 4 laptops with terra bits of CLASSIFIED information) and Chelsea Manning (United States Army, more than 750, 000 CLASSIFIED documents), both hailed as heroes of the people. But which people? Not my hero’s, traitors I call them. Sworn to up hold the laws of the nation to which they betrayed. Yet the press applauded and even awarded them. Academia even bestowed laurels on Snowden, even international awards. Of course most of it came from foreign nations, and why not, it only denuded the United States of their security, not theirs. (P.S. ever notice how all the Russian hacking started after Snowden landed in Russia?)Manning even received a Presidential Commutation of Sentence (January 2017)from Barack Obama, amazing.

But the press or the media did not scream outrage at any of those above, yet praised them in their acts of courage to confront their own government in a dishonorable act. Yet the President which has the authority under the Constitution to make public what information to which he believes is a benefit for the people to know, is ridiculed, berated and slandered. America are you truly that naïve? 

Thank you for taking the time to read this

THE COMMENTARY GAZETTE®

CONTRIBUTOR: Eddy Toorall

Being American

“the only thing we have to fear is fear itself” First inauguration of Franklin D. Roosevelt as the 32nd President of the United States was held on Saturday, March 4, 1933. Those words spoken that day where about the great depression then gripping the world and the United States, but they ring as true today about the global war we face against terrorism. Seventeen years ago this date, the United States was shown as to what lengths a radical ideology will drive people to do. Thousands of Americans lost their lives unaware that the mere fact of them being American made them targets for destruction. Though today these memories are still fresh in many of our minds, we must not let the events of this tragic day fade, we must always remember and teach our children, grandchildren that they by simple fact of being Americans places upon them the burden of vigilance.

The world of today is not a safe place, any who think that by ignoring or down playing the threats to security will show our great humanitarianism are foolish, or worse. When an ideology begins teaching their children that the only way to salvation is to cleanse the earth of all who think, pray, or just by general principle live differently that they do, then those who ignore or do not take seriously what is being said are doomed. This day proved that they mean what they say, if no other day has.

We should not fear them, because this is their secondary aim, but neither should we ignore them. Vigilance is the guardian of freedom, ever under assault throughout the world it must be safeguarded as if it were the rarest of gems, for that is exactly what it is. I have written several articles of late on fascist and communist using documents containing their own words in an effort to show that their goals and methods are the same, subjection of the people by whatever means necessary. When I detail ones brutality, I may not point out the other by name but it is implied. Those are just names but their tactics come with many labels, all for a righteous cause.

In a troubled world democracies struggle to maintain their liberties from outside forces, but when it comes from within their own governing bodies openly challenging without due process, then as we have seen before freedom could be lost.

Those we remember today lost their lives because we are one people, one nation, no matter the differences that placed us here due to our birth, or our beliefs. We the people of this nation are the nation. If we do not trust in ourselves in the ideas that forged this nation or in the great achievements to come, then we are lost. For no nation can stand divided for long. There is a motto that’s says it all” United we stand, divided we fall”.

Think of those who gave their all by being Americans.

THE COMMENTARY GAZETTE®

CONTIBUTOR: Eddy Toorall

For Prosperities Sake

Internal resistance (1. opposition to somebody or something 2. refusal to accept or comply with something) to the elected administration of any government is called subversion (an action, plan, or activity intended to undermine or overthrow a government or other institution). Taking in to account the so called good intentions of the acts which hinder or thwart the actions of said government; this is still a very dangerous method of preventing the governmental control. This definitely is not the way in the United States or any democratic government. Disagreement and /or opposition to political ideologies are basic for a democracy, you say ‘yes’ I say ‘no’. But to actively work for the failure of instead of correcting the actions of a government is insurrection (a rebellion against the government or rulers of a country, often involving armed conflict) this in no way can be justified.

Advocating the assassination (which many celebrities have done) or the call for open populist resistance in the form of “push back”, as meaning a physical obstruction of the members of an opposite political party (in public) or the government officials of a dis-affectionate political party in open session blatantly flaunting the ‘rule of law’ by boasting about breaking the laws to which they swore an oath to protect, to me this is sedition (actions or words intended to provoke or incite rebellion against government authority, or actual rebellion against government authority).

These actions are contrary to all the ideas of the founding of the United States. The Constitution was established to address all the failings of government and to adjust or correct such. Congress should be the more aware of this than any other, they take the oath to support and defend the constitution, they make the laws which govern the nation in accordance to the constitution, and they should not be the ones to boast about violating it.

If this sets precedence for this administration what can we expect in the next? To what lengths will the parties resort to in future elects? Shall we see the military guarding voting stations, shall we read about candidates being assassinated, as we see I other countries? Perhaps we will witness the discontented senators breaking away and forming a rebellious sub-nation, as we have endured once before? These things are happening all around the world now. We have the greatest instrument of democracy to readjust the working of government the Constitution. Instead of working for the downfall of a government let us use this instrument to create the government we can all benefit from.

Congress you are entrusted by the people to be the guardian of the law, do so. The Supreme Court you are entrusted by the people to be the interpreter of the law, do so.

Those that disregard the law have failed to live up to the ideas of the founders of this republic and disgraced your selves in the eyes of the people. Resist all that you can instead of working to repair what you see as a flaw, and prosperity will be the judges never doubt that.

I would sign this as anonymous (lacking individuality or distinctiveness) but then you would have thought this was penned by a 6th grader working on a social studies project.

P.S. If you have read the true story of the Spartacus rebellion 73-71 B.C.E., then you know he was not a hero but a butcher of humanity.

Thank you for taking the time to read this

THE COMMENTARY GAZETTE®

CONTIBUTOR: Eddy Toorall

Internal Governmental Resistance or the fall of governments

Fears of a Non-Democratic Government; With the recent so called revelations in an anonymous letter to a newspaper purportedly by a member of the Presidential staff, and the admitted violation of Senate Rules of secrecy and disclosure from a sitting Senator currently on the Judiciary Committee (Corey Booker D-NJ), both stun and alarm me as a citizen. Has the so called “resistance” turned in to an insurgency with in the government? If so, do they truly understand the ramifications of such a movement? Coup is nasty word in the English language, associated with third world countries with depot dictators, but history teaches us different, even a modern western civilized democratic country can become the victim of a political coup, as in Germany January 30, 1933. So much talk these days is given to the supposition of the reemergence of fascists, but is any one fully aware how the first transition of NAZI power took place. It was not open rebellion, it was not an armed revolution as in Russia 1917; it was a slow process over years of political maneuverings. Adolph Hitler was not elected he was appointed by an elected President with the consent of an elected governing body (Reichstag, the German Congressional body), to which Hermann Wilhelm Gӧring was the elected President of that body (equal as to the Speaker of the House). This is a political coup from within the duly elected government, a resistance to the democratically elected government by the people with the in sole intent to over throw and said government, and affects the “seizure of power” from that government. Hermann Wilhelm Gӧring said as much in his own words at the Nurnberg Military Tribunal of Major War Crimes Trials 1945-46.

The following are exerts from that trial which detail the “seizure of power” from within the German government in a legal manner by ‘insurgence resistance’.

Volume IX  77th Day 11 March 1946

JUSTICE JACKSON: I notice that you use here, as you have used in your interrogations by the United States, the expression “seizure of power.” That was the common expression used in your group, was it not, to describe the coming to power of Adolf Hitler?

BӦDENSCHÄTZ: It cannot be used in this sense. At that time it was completely legal because the National Socialist Party was then the strongest party, and the strongest party nominated the Reich Chancellor, and the strongest party had, as such, the greatest influence. It must not be interpreted to mean that they usurped the power, but that they had the most influential and prominent position among the parties, that is, by the completely legal means of election.

Volume IX  79th day 12 March 1946

STAHMER: What do you know about the institution of the Secret State Police, the Gestapo?

KӦRNER: In the first months after the seizure of power the Secret State Police evolved from the Political Police Department Ia. Basically the Political Police Department remained; it was only reorganized under the name of Secret State Police.

Volume IX 80th Day 13 March 1946

STAHMER: What was your position in the Party during the period from 1928 until the seizure of power?

GӦRING: I had no office in the Party. I was never a political leader in the Party-that is perhaps strange-either in the Reich party Directorate or elsewhere. I was first of all, as I said, a member of the Reichstag and thereby a member of the Reichstag faction of the Party. At the same time I was the Party speaker, that is, I travelled from city to city and tried to do whatever I could to extend the Party, to strengthen it, to recruit and convince new members, and especially to win over to our side Communist and Marxist adherents in order to create a broad base among the people and not to have Rightist circles only, which were nationalist of themselves.

From the middle of 1932 on, after we had weathered countless elections and for all of these elections had had to participate in the campaigns by holding speeches, for example, often three in one evening, often the whole night long; I, as a member d the Party, or better said, because our Party had the strongest representation in the Reichstag, was chosen President of the Reichstag and thereby took over a generally political task.

Shortly before, at the end of 1931, when I saw that the Party had grown to an extraordinary extent and was gaining, the Führer said to me that he would very much like to have a direct representative who was independent of a Party office and who could C-out political negotiations. This person was not to be tied down to any particular Party office. He asked me whether I would take over this function, especially as I was living in the capital of the Reich anyway.

I took over this commission-it was not an office, but rather a commission of-a general nature. In a few sentences he gave me the liberty to negotiate with all parties from the Communists to the extreme Rightists, in order, let us say, to undertake specific joint action in the Reichstag, or other suitable political steps. Naturally also I was given in this connection, the task of effecting the dissemination and the penetration of our ideals in all circles. To these circles belonged, as has already been mentioned, the industrial and intellectual groups. Since I had connections with and access to all these circles, it was quite natural that the Führer considered me especially suited for this task, as he could depend upon me absolutely in this respect and knew that I would use all my powers to advance Our ideas. When I became President of the Reichstag my task in this capacity was greatly eased, for now I was, so to speak, legally authorized and even obliged to participate in political events. If, for instance, a government resigned in the Reichstag or fell through a vote of no confidence, it was my duty as President of the Reichstag, to suggest to the Reich President, after having negotiated with the parties, what the possibilities were in my opinion for a new coalition government. Thus the Reich President was always bound to receive me in this capacity with regard to these matters so I was able to create a rather close connection between the Reich President and myself. But I should like to emphasize that this connection had already existed before; it was a matter of course that Field Marshal Von Hindenburg, if I requested it, would always receive me, because he had known me in the First World War.

STAHMER: What part did you play in the appointment of Hitler as Reich Chancellor?

GӦRING: I should just like to explain first that when I said that I held no office in the Party, no political office, my position had nevertheless naturally become stronger and stronger, especially since the end of 1931, from which time on I worked more and more closely with the Führer and was considered his special exponent but only on the basis of normal and natural authority which increased greatly after the seizure of power.

As to my part in the appointment of Hitler: If I am to explain this to the Tribunal I must first describe the situation briefly. The balance among the parliamentary parties had been disturbed as early as the end of 1931 or the beginning of 1932. Things were going badly in Germany and no proper enduring parliamentary majority could actually be procured, and already the Enabling Act then in force had come into play to the exclusion, in part, of the Constitution. I call to mind the Brining cabinet which had to work to a large extent with the Enabling Act and which at the time was also greatly concerned with Article 48 of the Reich Constitution. Then there followed the Cabinet of Von Papen, which also could not put itself on a parliamentary basis, on a more lasting or firmer basis. Herr Von Papen at that time tried to make that possible and, in order to get a parliamentary basis, he asked the National Socialists, the strongest party at that time, to establish such a basis together with the other parties. There was some talk-Von Papen’s name had been given to the President as a nominee for Reich Chancellor that Hitler should become the Vice Chancellor in this Cabinet. I remember that I told Herr Von Papen at that time that Hitler could become any number of things, but never Vice If he were to be made anything, he would naturally have to .be in the highest position and it would be completely unbearable and unthinkable to place our Führer in any sort of second position. We would then have had to play the role of governing, but possibly not all according to our lights, and Hitler as a representative of the strongest party would have had to be responsible for these things. This we declined categorically. I do not emphasize that because Herr Von Papen is in the dock with me. He knows that we always respected him personally, but I told him then, after this gesture had come to naught, that we would not only not support him, but would also oppose his Cabinet in the Reichstag to the utmost, just as we would consistently fight every succeeding cabinet which did not give us a leading influence in the Chancellery.

There came then-I do not remember exactly for how many months Herr Von Papen held the reins-the well-known clash between him and me, he as Reich Chancellor, I as the President of the Reichstag, in which it was my intention to bring about the fall of his government, and I knew there was to be a motion of “no confidence” by the Communists, in which practically everybody would participate. It was necessary for this vote of “no confidence” to be expressed under all circumstances in order to show the Reich President that one could not govern with such cabinets without some sort of strong reserve. I saw the “red portfolio” and knew that the order for dissolution was in it, but let the voting be carried through first. Thirty-two votes were for Von Papen and about five hundred were against him. The Cabinet of Von Papen resigned.

Up to that point all the parties had drawn up cabinets, apart from the few small fragmentary parties. All men who were available had already been presented to the people at some time. Towards the end, Reich Defense Minister Von Schleicher, the political figure behind the scenes, had played an increasingly important part.

There were therefore only two possibilities: Either the actual proportion of power would be taken into account and the leader of the strongest party, as is generally customary, would be brought into conferences and entrusted with the power, or else the man who was operating behind the scenes, the only possibility that was left, would be brought forward. And this happened. Herr Von Schleicher himself took over the chancellorship in conjunction with-and this is important-the office of Reich Defense Minister. It was clear to us, not only to us but also to the other parties, that as Herr Von Schleicher had far fewer personal sympathizers than Herr Von Papen and could not bring about a majority, a military dictatorship was finally aimed at by Von Schleicher. I had discussions with Herr Von Schleicher and told him that at this moment it was even possible to form a parliamentary majority. Through conferences I had succeeded in bringing together the German Nationals, National Socialists, Center, German People’s Party and smaller supporting groups, to form a majority. It was clear to me that such a majority could be only temporary because the conflicting interests were too great. But it was a matter of indifference to me whether I brought our Party to power this way or that-if by means of parliamentary negotiations, very good; if by the Reich President’s summons, all the better.

These negotiations were turned down by Herr Von Schleicher because he knew that he would then not be able to remain chancellor. Then again there were Emergency Laws and Enabling Acts. Parliament had thus been more or less excluded even before our seizure of power.

I immediately issued the same challenge to Herr Von Schleicher in the Reichstag, much, more emphatically than previously to Herr Von Papen. In the meantime the presidential election had taken place and after that a Reichstag election, in which, after the dissolution of Von Papen’s Cabinet we lost several seats. We were reduced from 232 to 196 seats. Then in January there were further elections, which showed an extraordinary rise in favor of our Party and proved that the short crisis had been surmounted and that the Party was on the upgrade more strongly than ever before.

[Chancellorship: Beginnings 22 January 1933]

On Sunday, the 22nd of January 1933-the 30th was a Monday I was in Dresden at a large political meeting, when I was summoned in the morning by the Führer to motor to Berlin immediately. I arrived that afternoon, and he told me, which I already knew, that the Reich President was no longer satisfied with Von Schleicher and saw that political matters could not continue in this way; nothing was ever accomplished; the Reich President had independently arrived at the conclusion that somehow some responsibility must now be given to the strongest Party. Before that time, in a very clever way, a wrong personal impression of the Führer had been created in the old gentleman’s mind and he was prejudiced he probably took offense at the word socialism, because he understood that in a different way.

Briefly, Hitler revealed to me that day, that that evening I was to speak to the Field Marshal’s son at the home d Herr Von Ribbentrop. I believe Herr Von Papen was to be present also and-I am not sure about this-Meissner, who was the State Secretary of the Reich President. The Field Marshal’s son wanted to inquire on behalf of his father what the possibilities were of Hitler as chancellor and the inclusion of the Party in responsibility. In a rather lengthy conversation I declared to the son that he should tell his father that, one way or another, Von Schleicher would lead to shipwreck. I explained to him the new basic conditions for forming a new government, and how I had heard now of the Field Marshal’s willingness to entrust’ Hitler with the chancellorship, thereby regarding the Party as a main basis for a future government majority if Adolf Hitler were also able to succeed on this occasion in drawing in the German Nationals and the Stahlhelm-for he wanted to see a definite national basis. The Stahlhelm was not a parliamentary party but it had many followers. The German Nationals under Hugenberg were a parliamentary party.

We did not discuss very much more that evening. I told Von Hindenburg’s son that he could tell his father that I would undoubtedly bring that about, and the Führer gave me orders to undertake negotiations during the coming week with these parties on the one hand and with the Reich President on the other. There were difficulties here and there. I found that our conceding…

A recess was take

STAHMER: You were dealing with the question of your participation in the appointment of Hitler as Reich Chancellor. Would you continue?

(Failed efforts to form a government)

GÖRING: I had arrived at the last decisive period. The negotiations had become somewhat difficult. The Field Marshal, Reich President Von Hindenburg, who, until then, had come to know the Führer personally only through two conversations and who had not yet overcome his distrust of him-a distrust which had been instilled and nourished for many years by a variety of influences, simply because he did not know him-had at that time demanded some severe restrictions, so that we, the strongest and now the leading party, which would have to be responsible to the nation for future measures, would be relatively very restricted and, in comparison with our strength, weakly represented in the government.

One must not forget that at this moment Germany had arrived at the lowest point of her downward trend. There were 8 million unemployed; all programs had failed; confidence in the parties existed no more; there was a very strong rise on the part of the revolutionary Leftist side; and political insecurity. Therefore those measures were necessary which the people would expect of US, if we were in the government, and for which we had to stand. So it was a very heavy burden to take over such a responsibility with such severe political conditions imposed.

First condition: The Reich president wanted, under, all circumstances, that Herr Von Papen should become Vice Chancellor in this Cabinet. Apart from his sympathetic personality Herr Von Papen did not bring us anything, because there was no party behind him. But the Reich President demanded, beyond that, that Herr Von Papen should attend the presentation of the reports which the Führer, after being appointed Reich Chancellor, would have to make to the Reich President. But this was abandoned very quickly, and by the Reich President himself.

Secondly, the Reich President desired that the Foreign Office, independent of all parties, should be in the hands of Herr Von Neürath. Herr Von Neürath also brought us nothing in the way political power, apart from his knowledge and ability.

Thirdly, the position of Prüssian Prime Minister which, next to that of the Reich Chancellor was always the most important in Germany during the period after the World War was likewise to be filled by the person of Herr Von Papen. Before the World War, as it is known, the offices of Reich Chancellor and Prüssian Prime Minister were for these reasons always combined in one person.

Fourthly, the Reich President demanded that the office of Reich Deikense Minister should also be in the hands of an independent person, a soldier; and he himself chose him, without our having anything to do with it, namely, General Von Blomberg, who at that time was at the Disarmament Conference in Geneva. Herr Von Blomberg was not known personally either to the Führer or to me at that time.

Even though the essential and definitely most important posts in the Cabinet were thus already filled by persons in whose choice we had had no influence, still further demands developed in the course of the week. It was demanded that the Finance Ministry should be in the hands of Count Schwerin von Krosigk, again a man backed by no political party. The Ministry of Transportation was to be under Herr Von Eltz, to whom the same applied. The leader of the Stahlhelm, Seldte, was to be taken into the Cabinet. Certainly the Stahlhelm was a large and extensive movement, but not politically, and it was not represented by a single delegate in the Reichstag.

There was left, as a really political party, only the German National Party, with 36 seats-our only parliamentary ally, so to speak. Here too, extraordinary demands were made, which were in no correct proportion to the smallness of that party. In the end we, as the strongest party at that time with 232 seats, were given only the following, as far as I remember: The office of Reich Chancellor of course; then Dr. Frick as Reich Minister of the Interior, in the Cabinet; and I third in the Reich Cabinet, with an assignment as Reich Commissioner for Aviation, a very small subordinate division, an insignificant branch of a small Aviation Department in the Ministry of Transport, but no department otherwise. But then I succeeded in becoming, without conditions attached, Prüssian Minister of the Interior and thereby a political minister of the largest German state, for in the end Prussia was actually the place where the rise to internal power started.

It was so far an extraordinarily difficult affair. At the last moment the forming of the Cabinet threatened to fail because of two factors. The Führer had made the unconditional demand that shortly after the appointment of the new Cabinet a new Reichstag election should take place, knowing correctly that the Party would be greatly strengthened thereby and possibly could represent a majority by itself, and thus be in a position to form the government platform by parliamentary means.

Hugenberg, as leader of the German National Party, absolutely opposed this, knowing that his party would probably disappear more or less in this election. Even 5 minutes before the meeting of the Cabinet there was still danger that it would break up because of this. It was pure chance that at this moment the Reich President to administer the oath to the new ministers; and so the Cabinet was formed.

The second danger threatened from Schleicher who, through his confidant, on the Sunday made the following offer to the Führer and me: He wanted to emphasize that the Reich President was not a sure factor as far as the new government was concerned; it would serve the purpose better if he-even though he had withdrawn the day before were to join us to form a government now quite definitely not on a parliamentary basis of any kind, but rather on the basis of an entirely new situation, a coalition of the Reichswehr and the NSDAP. The Führer refused, recognizing that this would be impossible and that the intentions were not honest.

When Herr Von Blomberg arrived at the railroad station from Geneva on the Monday morning, he was given two orders, one from Herr Von Hammerstein, Chief of the Army Command and his superior, to come to him immediately; the other from Hindenburg, his commander-in-chief, to come to him immediately. There was at that time, known only to a few, the threat of a Putsch by Schleicher and Hammerstein with the Potsdam Garrison.

(Third Reich: the seizure of governmental authority)

On the Sunday evening I mentioned that to Reich President Van Hindenburg, and that is the reason why, 2 hours before the rest of the Cabinet, Herr Von Blomberg was appointed Minister of War, or at that time Reich Defense Minister, in order to prevent any wrong move by the Reichswehr. At 11o’clock on the morning of the 30th the Cabinet was formed and Hitler appointed Reich Chancellor.

STAHMER: Had the Party come to power in a legal way, in your opinion?

GӦRING: Of course the Party had come to power in an entirely legal way, because the Party had been called upon by the Reich President according to the Constitution, and according to the principles in force the Party should have been called upon much earlier than that. The Party gained strength and came to power only by of normal elections and the franchise law then valid.

STAHMER: What measures were now taken to strengthen Power after Hitler’s appointment?

GӦRING: It was a matter of course for us that once we had come into power we were determined to keep that power under all circumstances. We did not want power and governmental authority for power’s sake, but we needed power and governmental authority in order to make Germany free and great. We did not want to leave this any longer to chance, to elections, and parliamentary majorities, but we wanted to carry out the task to which we considered ourselves called.

In order to consolidate this power now, it was necessary to reorganize the political relationship of power. That was carried out in such a manner that, shortly after the seizure of governmental authority in the Reich and in Prussia, the other states followed automatically and more or less strong National Socialist governments were formed everywhere.

Secondly, the so-called political officials who according to the Reich Constitution could be recalled at any time, or could be dismissed, would naturally have to be replaced now, according to custom, by people from the strongest party.

As far as legality, that is, the opinion that we came to power legally, is concerned, I should like to emphasize two considerations in particular.

Firstly: in the years 1925 to 1932 no fewer than 30 Reichstag, Landtag, and presidential elections took place in Germany. The very fact that 37 parties had candidates in one Reichstag election alone gives a clear picture of, how it happened that one strong coalition formed the so-called government majority, and another strong grouping formed the opposition, each with an entirely different point of view. Just think of an opposition formed in common by Communists and National Socialists for example, and the fact that one small party which had eight representatives altogether was now the decisive factor, and in two readings of a law, especially of a decisive law-every law had to have three readings-voted against the government and then secured sufficient political and material advantages to force the law through for the government at its third, final reading. This may give a picture of the conditions.

The second point which I want to emphasize especially in regard to the legality of our coming to power is the following:

Had the democratic election system of England or the United States of America existed in Germany, then the National Socialist German Workers Party would, at the end of 1931 already, have legally possessed all seats in the Reichstag, without exception. For in every electoral district in Germany at that time, or at the beginning of 1932 at the latest, in every one-I emphasize this once more-the NSDAP was the strongest party; that is to say, given an electoral system as it is in Great Britain or in the United States as these weaker parties would have failed to gain any seats and from this time on we would have had only National Socialists in the Reich, in a perfectly legal way according to the democratic of these two great democracies.

For the further seizure of power the main political offices were now filled by new holders, as is the case in other lands when there has been a change-over of power among the political parties. Besides the ministers there were first of all-taking Prussia as an example the administrative heads of the provinces, the official heads of administrative districts, the police commissioners, county heads (Landrate). In addition there was a certain further grade1 believe down to ministerial directors-who were considered political officials. District attorneys were considered political officials. This on the whole describes the range of offices which were filled anew when a shift in political power took place and had previously been bargained out among the parties having the majority. It did not go so far as in other countries-all the way down to the letter carrier. There was a change of office holders, but only of the most important posts.

In spite of that we did very little in this direction at first. First of all, I requested Herr Von Papen to relinquish to me the position of Prüssian Prime Minister, as he, having no party behind him, could not very well undertake this re-shuffling, but rather I, that is, one of us, should undertake it. We agreed at once. Thereupon I filled some, a relatively small part, of the highest administrative Prüssian offices with National Socialists. At the same time I generously allowed Social Democrats to remain in these posts for many weeks. I filled a few important provincial offices with leading Catholic persons who were much closer to the Center Party than to us. But slowly, by degrees, in the course of time these offices, to the extent that they were key administrative positions were, of course, filled with National Socialists-it could hardly be otherwise in the further course of the change-over, since these offices at the same time corresponded to the political districts. Even until the very end district heads remained in part National Socialists, in part, however, simply officials. The same was true of the Landrate. In the case of police commissioners, I should like to emphasize for the information of the Tribunal that the police Commissioner’s at first had nothing to do with the Gestapo. A police Commissioner in the bigger cities had the same function as a Landrate in the country, in part at least. These police commissioner posts had always been filled by the largest political parties until the seizure of power. Thus I found Social Democrats in these positions who could not, with the best of intentions, remain, as they had always been our opponents up to that date. That would have been absurd. I filled these police commissioner posts partly with National

Socialists but partly, however, with people who had nothing to do with the Party. I remember that to the most important police commissioner post in the whole German Reich, the one in Berlin, I appointed Admiral Von Levetzow, retired, who was not a member of the Party. In some of these offices I put former SA leaders.

(Consolidation of power)

For the purpose of consolidation of power, which seemed very important not only to me but all of us because that was to form the basic condition for our further work, a still stronger influence came into the Reich Cabinet. New National Socialists received positions as ministers. New ministries were created. In addition came a number of new basic laws.

It was indeed clear: to everyone who had concerned himself with German conditions, either abroad or especially in Germany, that we would put an end to the Communist Party as quickly as possible, It was an absolutely necessary consequence that it should be prohibited. We were convinced that if the Communist Party, which was the strongest next to us, had succeeded in coming to power, it would certainly not have taken any National Socialists into its cabinet or tolerated them elsewhere. We were aware that we would have been eliminated in an entirely different manner.

A further point in the consolidation of power was to eliminate to a certain extent the Reichstag as a parliament, at least for a period of time during the reorganization, because its influence was increasing until then. That, however, had happened owing to the fact that we had an absolute majority in the Reichstag after the new election. In some cases we suggested to the former parties that they should dissolve themselves, because they no longer had any purpose, and those which could not dissolve themselves were dissolved by us. I was speaking of the Communist Party and the Social Democratic Party. Beyond that, we wanted finally to fulfill an old, old longing of the German people and now not only appear to have the structure of a Reich, but at last, really become a unified German Reich. This purpose was served by firmly establishing the Reich idea and the Reich’s power throughout the countless states and provinces. If it had been difficult for a fervent German patriot before the first World War to get along with a heap of petty princes, it was even worse with those who took their places, for in the place of one small will there now appeared the most various, party-bound officials.

In the Reich there was a majority based on one thing; in Prussia, on another; in Bavaria, on yet another; and in Hesse, on something quite different. It was impossible in this manner to establish Reich sovereignty and a Reich which could be great again.

Therefore I suggested to the Führer that the state parliaments should be dissolved and done away with as a matter of principle. In Prüssia I began with the elimination of state parliaments, which I considered entirely superfluous, for the simple reason that the principle “Reich dominion, not state authority” was already in force. I saw no reason why so many different authorities should exist which, with their unnecessary frictions and discussions merely hindered constructive work. Yet, however much I wanted to see and make the Reich structurally unified, I, and the Führer above all, always supported the idea that within the German states and provinces cultural life should remain many-sided and bound to local traditions; that is to say, all the old centers of culture, which, as is well known, had formed around Münich, Dresden, Weimar, and so on, should continue to exist in that way and be supported.

For the further consolidation of power those laws were created which would first of all eliminate any further obstacle .to progress, that is to say, on the basis of Paragraph 48, the law did away with the so-called freedoms. The conception of these freedoms is a matter of controversy. The “Law for the Protection d People and State” was created, a law which was most urgently needed. 1n the past years much had been prohibited which could have stimulated patriotic activity, yet a senseless defamation had been allowed, of the German people, its history, the German State, and those symbols and objects which are, after all, very holy things to a patriot; and they were not protected in any way.

It is a matter of course that in connection with the concept of “conformity” which arose at this time, very many unnecessary and excessive things were done, for after the seizure of power the whole movement developed along revolutionary lines, although not in the way of revolutions as they had been known in history until then, such as the French Revolution, or the great Bolshevist Revolution that is to say, not by way of great conflicts and cruel changes, revolutionary tribunals that executed people by hundreds of thousands-but still with a strong revolutionary aim in the direction of unity of State, Party, and National Socialism as the basis of leadership and of ideology.

This “conformity” which I have just mentioned was then affected in detail; but, as I have said, on the occasion of such drastic political transformations people will always overstep the mark here and there. Personally I did not consider it necessary that every organization should now become National Socialist or that-if I am to express myself quite drastically-every club or similar organization should absolutely have to have a National Socialist chairman. But in decisive political matters, and in matters of principle, our ideas and our ideology had to be recognized more and more; for that was the basic condition for the rebuilding, establishing, and Strengthening of the Reich.

(Führer and Reich Chancellor 1934)

An additional strengthening, which occurred only after the death of Reich President Von Hindenburg in 1934, was the confirmation of the head of the state and the Reich Chancellor in one person. To this I should like to add that on this occasion I had a long conversation with the Führer. Right from the beginning we had discussed whether Hitler would and should take over the position of head of the State, and whether I should take over the chancel lordship. In view of the Führer’s temperament and attitude it was unthinkable that the Führer, sitting on a throne above the political clouds, so to speak, should appear only as head of the State. He was definitely a political leader and hence a leader of the government. Also the thought of putting in some other person as a puppet head of the State we considered unworthy of the situation.

The Führer told me then that the simplest thing to do would be to take as example the United States of America, where the head of the state is at the same time also the head of the government. Thus, following the example of the United States, we combined the position of the head of the State with the head of the government, and he called himself “Führer of the German People and Reich Chancellor of the German Reich.”

That he thereby automatically became also the Commander-in-Chief of the German Armed Forces followed as a matter of course, according to the Constitution, and also according to the previous Constitution, just as is the case in other countries also.

That was the position, broadly speaking, apart from a number of other .developments which probably will have to be mentioned later in my testimony-as for instance, the establishment of police power, the basic element of the consolidation of power, and so on.

In conclusion I wish to say:

1) It is correct that I-and I can speak only for myself-have done everything which was at all within my personal power to strengthen the National Socialist movement, to increase it, and have worked unceasingly to bring it to power under all circumstances and as the one and only authority.

2) I have done everything to secure for the Führer the place as Reich Chancellor which rightfully belonged to him.

3) When I look back, I believe I have not failed to do anything to consolidate our power to such an extent that it would not have to yield to the chances of the political game or to violent actions, but would rather in the further course of reconstruction, become the only factor of power, which would lead the Reich and lead ‘it-as we hoped-to a great development.

[COMMENT: This shows that a covert attempt to overthrow a government from the inside is possible and can be achieved, and the use of propaganda as a cover story to deceive and misdirect can be effective. Sometimes what you think is being done isn’t necessarily true. Democracies fall from within more often than from without, liberty is a fragile thing and sometimes lost freely and willing by the people. An internal resistance to the established government is never a good thing, nor beneficial to the nation or its people.]

Thank you for taking the time to read this

Who they are:

Robert H. Jackson Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States

Karl Bӧdenschätz: was liaison officer between the Commander-in-Chief of the Luftwaffe and the Führer’s headquarters

Dr. Otto Stahmer: Defense attorney, the counsel for Hermann Gӧring

THE COMMENTARY GAZETTE®

SOURCE: Military Tribunal of Major War Crimes (LOC)
CONTRIBUTOR: Eddy Toorall

American anarchy in action

After watching the disruptive displays of contempt for the United States Congress and the disregard for the lawful workings of government, I feel compelled to speak. During the Judicial Committees hearings of Bret Kavanaugh for a seat of the Supreme Court for the last two days the attempts to disrupt, influence or just totally discredit the procedures of the government, came to the full light of day. This was not a protest, a protest presents an opposition view in a peaceful orderly and lawful manner, where as an anarchist has contempt for the rule of law or decorum and works to achieve their aims regardless of whose rights they violate in the attempt. The attempts (which in no way was spontaneous, clearly seen as one was led out, another stood, showing me planning and coordination) to prevent the Committee to fulfil it responsibly to the people, not only prolonged the session but did a disservice to the nation as a whole. The radical resistance to the government that the Democratic Party has so passionately embraced in an effort to discredit the current administration has come home to roost, in the fact that the outburst from the visitors show they neither trust nor accept the Congressional procedure.  Notwithstanding of the behavior of the setting Senators at the opening even before the Chairman had outlined the proceedings.

At no point is this acceptably as a rational conduct for either the proceeding or the conduct of the members or visitors. In the attempt to unlawfully prevent a governmental inquiry by vocal or physical actions is an act of anarchy, obviously orchestrated by an organized group with the intent to stall or close the hearings.  They did not consider the rights of the people to hear and evaluate the worth of this candidate for the Supreme Court. This in its self is a violation of ours and his constitutional rights to free speech. The First Amendment not only guarantees the right to speak but also the right to be heard.

Concerning the so called rebuffed hand shake of the father of a gun-violence victim, I find this as a media unfair attempt to de-humanize Mr. Kavanuagh, when in a point of fact considering the atmosphere of the hearings and the fact that he did not know the person involved, I see no rebuff but a self-defense response.  I don’t shake hands with strangers who come up on me unawares; I don’t think those reporting the incident do either. But I see it as another staged act to promote dissention.

Race, sex, murder sells newspapers, or boost ratings. It’s all about the ratings and money. What the media should remember is that during the Tributes parades of the Roman generals there rode a person behind the general on the chariot, while holding the laurels of victory and glory above his head also whispered into his ear “glory is fleeting”. As so many in the media have lately come to find true.

The American people still, I believe hold the fundamental ideas of this nation in high regard, and are not impressed or swayed by the riotous behavior of a few, but the media never address these people. Why, because they don’t sell newspapers, or make sensational story lines.

Thank you for taking the time to read this

THE COMMENTARY GAZETTE®

CONTRIBUTOR: Eddy Toorall